Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Information - Wissenschaft & Praxis

Ed. by Reibel-Felten, Margarita

6 Issues per year


CiteScore 2017: 0.10

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.151
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.384

Online
ISSN
1619-4292
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Informationswissenschaft in der Urbanistik

Teil 1: Konzeptioneller Forschungsrahmen und Methoden

Informational Urbanism

Part 1: Conceptual Framework and Methods

Science de l'information dans l’urbanisme

Partie 1: Cadre conceptuel et méthodes de recherche

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang G. Stock
  • Corresponding author
  • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Abteilung für Informationswissenschaft, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 DüsseldorfHeinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfAbteilung für InformationswissenschaftUniversitätsstraße 140225 DüsseldorfGermany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Julia Barth / Kaja J. Fietkiewicz / Julia Gremm / Sarah Hartmann / Maria Henkel / Aylin Ilhan / Agnes Mainka / Christine Meschede / Isabella Peters
Published Online: 2017-11-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iwp-2017-0066

Zusammenfassung

Zeitgenössische und zukünftige Städte der Wissensgesellschaft werden oft als „smarte Städte“, „digitale Städte“ oder „ubiquitäre Städte“, „Wissensstädte“ und „kreative Städte“ bezeichnet. Die informationelle Urbanistik umfasst alle Aspekte von Information und (implizitem wie explizitem) Wissen in Hinblick auf städtische Regionen. „Informationelle Stadt“ (oder „smarte Stadt“ im weiteren Sinne) ist ein Sammelbegriff, der die unterschiedlichen Trends der informationsbezogenen Stadtforschung vereint. Die informationelle Stadtforschung ist ein interdisziplinäres Unternehmen, das einerseits Informatik und Informationswissenschaft sowie andererseits Stadtforschung, Stadtplanung, Architektur, Stadtökonomie und Stadtsoziologie vereint. In diesem Artikel präsentieren wir einen konzeptionellen Rahmen für die Forschung zu informationellen Städten. Dieses Framework besteht aus sieben Bausteinen, nämlich Informations- und Wissensinfrastrukturen, Wirtschaft, Politik (eGovernance) und Verwaltung (eGovernment), Räume (Räume der Ströme und Räume der Plätze), Standortfaktoren, das Informationsverhalten der Menschen und die Problembereiche.

Abstract

Some contemporary and future cities of the knowledge society are often labeled as “smart cities”, “digital cities” or “ubiquitous cities”, “knowledge cities” and “creative cities.” Informational urbanism includes all aspects of information and (tacit as well as explicit) knowledge with regard to urban regions. “Informational city” (or “smart city” in a broader sense) is an umbrella term uniting the divergent trends of information-related city research. Informational urbanism is an interdisciplinary endeavor incorporating on the one side computer science and information science as well as on the other side urban studies, city planning, architecture, city economics, and city sociology. In this article, we present a conceptual framework for research on smart cities. This framework consists of seven building blocks, namely information and knowledge related infrastructures, economy, politics (eGovernance) and administration (eGovernment), spaces (spaces of flows and spaces of places), location factors, the people’s information behavior, and problem areas.

Résumé

Les villes contemporaines et futures de la société de la connaissance sont souvent appelées «villes intelligentes», «villes numériques» ou «villes ubiquitaires», «villes de connaissance» et «villes créatives». L'urbanisme informationnel couvre tous les aspects de l'information et des connaissances (implicites et explicites) qui concernent les régions urbaines. «Ville d'information» (ou «ville intelligente» au sens large) est un terme collectif qui unit les différentes tendances de la recherche urbaine basée sur l'information. La recherche urbaine informationnelle est une entreprise interdisciplinaire qui combine, d’un côté, l’informatique et la science de l'information et, de l’autre, la recherche urbaine, l'urbanisme, l'architecture, l'économie urbaine et la sociologie urbaine. Dans cet article, nous présentons un cadre conceptuel pour la recherche urbaine informationnelle. Ce cadre se compose de sept éléments, à savoir : l’infrastructure de l'information, l'économie, la politique (e-gouvernance), les espaces (espaces des rivières et espaces des places), les facteurs de localisation, le comportement de la population en matière d'information et les zones à problèmes.

Schlagwörter: Smarte Stadt; Informationelle Stadt; Wissensgesellschaft; Informationelle Urbanistik; Stadtforschung; Informations- und Wissensinfrastruktur; Wirtschaft; eGovernment; eGovernance; Raum der Ströme; Raum der Plätze; Standortfaktor; Informationsverhalten

Keyword: Smart City; Informational City; Knowledge Society; Informational Urbanism; City Research; Information and Knowledge Related Infrastructure; Economy; eGovernment; eGovernance; Space of Flows; Space of Places; Location Factor; Information Behavior

Mots clés: Ville Intelligente; Ville Informationnelle; Ville de Connaissance; Recherche Urbaine Informationnelle; Urbanistique; Infrastructure de l'Information et du Savoir; Économie; E-Gouvernance; E-Gouvernement; Espace des Rivières; Espace des Places; Facteur de Localisation; Comportement en Matière d'Information

Übersetzte und erweiterte Version eines Vortrags (Barth et al., 2017), den Christine Meschede bei der 50. Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) am 5. Januar 2017 in Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA gehalten hat.

Literatur

  • Albino, V., Berardi, U., & Dangelico, R. M. (2015). Smart cities: Definitions, dimensions, performance, and initiatives. Journal of Urban Technology, 22(1), 3–21.Google Scholar

  • Baran, K. S., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Acceptance and quality perceptions of social network standard and non-standard services in different cultures. In C. Stephanidis (Ed.), HCI International 2015 – Posters’ Extended Abstracts. HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2–7, 2015. Proceedings Part II (pp. 65–70). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Barth, J., Fietkiewicz, K. J., Gremm, J., Hartmann, S., Ilhan, A., Mainka, A., Meschede, C., & Stock, W. G. (2017). Informa-tional urbanism. A conceptual framework of smart cities. In Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 4–7, 2017, Waikoloa Village (pp. 2814–2823). Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar

  • Batty, M., et al. (2012). Smart cities of the future. The European Physical Journal Special Topics, 214, 481–518.Google Scholar

  • Berrone, P., Ricart, J. E., & Carrasco, C. (2017). The open kimono. Towards a general framework for open data initiatives in cities. California Management Review, 59(1), 39–70.Google Scholar

  • Bronger, D. (2016). Metropolen, Megastädte, Global Cities. Die Metropolisierung der Erde. 2. Aufl. Darmstadt, Germany: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.Google Scholar

  • Caragliu, A., Del Bo, C., & Nijkamp, P. (2011). Smart cities in Europe. Journal of Urban Technology, 18(2), 65–82.Google Scholar

  • Carillo, F. J., Yigitcanlar, T., García, B., & Lönnqvist, A. (2014). Knowledge and the City. Concepts, Applications and Trends of Knowledge-based Urban Development. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Castells, M. (1989). The Informational City. Information Technology, Economic Restructuring, and the Urban-Regional Process. Oxford, UK, and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Castells, M. (1996). The Rise of the Network Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Castells, M. (1997). The Power of Identity. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Castells, M. (1998). End of Millennium. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Chesbrough, H. W. (2006). Open Business Models. How to Thrive in the New Innovation Landscape. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School.Google Scholar

  • Chourabi, H., Nam, T., Walker, S., Gil-Garcia, J. R., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., Pardo, T. A., & Scholl, H. J. (2012). Understanding smart cities: An integrative framework. In Proceedings of the 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 2289–2297). Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar

  • Cocchia, A. (2014). Smart and digital city: A systematic literature review. In R. P. Dameri, & C. Rosenthal-Sabroux (Eds.), Smart City. How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space (pp. 13–43). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Cohen, B., Almirall, E., & Chesbrough, H. (2017). The city as a lab. Open innovation meets the collaborative economy. California Management Review, 59(1), 5–13.Google Scholar

  • Cook, D. J. (2012). How smart is your home? Science, 335(1579), 1579–1581.Google Scholar

  • Cosgrave, E., Arbuthnot, K., & Tryfonas, T. (2013). Living labs, innovation districts and information marketplaces: A systems approach for smart cities. Procedia Computer Science, 16, 668–677.Google Scholar

  • Dornstädter, R., Finkelmeyer, S., & Shanmuganathan, N. (2011). Job-Polarisierung in informationellen Städten. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 62(2–3), 95–102.Google Scholar

  • Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14, 532–550.Google Scholar

  • Fietkiewicz, K. J., Mainka, A., & Stock, W. G. (2017). eGovernment in cities of the knowledge society. An empirical investigation of Smart Cities’ governmental websites. Government Information Quarterly, 34(1), 75–83.Google Scholar

  • Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Pyka, S. (2014). Development of informational cities in Japan: A regional comparison. International Journal of Knowledge Society Research, 5(1), 69–82.Google Scholar

  • Fietkiewicz, K. J., Pyka, S., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Evaluating infrastructures of the 21st century city: Informational cities in Japan as case studies. Advances in Research, 3(3), 297–311.Google Scholar

  • Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Stock, W. G. (2014). Cityness and informativeness of the emerging informational cities in Japan. Creative and Knowledge Society, 4(1), 43–56.Google Scholar

  • Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Stock, W. G. (2015). How ‘smart’ are Japanese cities? An empirical investigation of infrastructures and governmental programs in Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka and Kyoto. In Proceedings of the 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 2345–2354). Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Science.Google Scholar

  • Florida, R. L. (2005). Cities and the Creative Class. New York, NY, and London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Florida, R. L., et al. (2011). Creativity and Prosperity: The Global Creativity Index. Toronto, ON: Martin Prosperity Institute.Google Scholar

  • Förster, T., Lamerz, L., Mainka, A., & Peters, I. (2014). The tweet and the city: Comparing Twitter activities in informational world cities. In Proceedings of the 3rd DGI Conference (pp. 101–118). Frankfurt a. M., Germany: DGI.Google Scholar

  • Förster, T., & Mainka, A. (2015). Metropolises in the Twittersphere: An informetric investigation of informational flows and networks. International Journal of Geo-Information, 4, 1894–1912.Google Scholar

  • Foth, M., Choi, J. H.-J., & Satchell, C. (2011). Urban informatics. In Proceedings of the ACM 2011 Conference on Computer Supported Work (pp. 1–8). New York, NY: ACM.Google Scholar

  • Friedmann, J. (1986). The world city hypothesis, Development and Change, 17, 69–83.Google Scholar

  • Friedmann, J. (1995). Where we stand. A decade of world city research. In P. Knox, & P. Taylor (Eds.), World Cities in a World-System (pp. 21–47). Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY: Cambridge Univ. Press.Google Scholar

  • Giffinger, R., Fertner, C., Kramar, H., Kalasek, R., Pichler-Milanovic, N., & Meijers, E. (2007). Smart Cities – Ranking of European Medium-Sized Cities. Vienna, Austria: Centre of Regional Science.Google Scholar

  • Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (2009 [1967]). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Piscataway, NJ: Aldine Transaction.Google Scholar

  • Gremm, J., Barth, J., Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Stock, W. G. (2017). Transitioning Towards a Knowledge Society. Qatar as a Case Study. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Gremm, J., Barth, J., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Kuwait is the past, Dubai is the present, Doha is the future: Informational cities on the Arabian Gulf. International Journal of Knowledge Society Research, 6(2), 51–64.Google Scholar

  • Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., & Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Generation Computer Systems, 29, 1645–1660.Google Scholar

  • Gust von Loh, S., & Stock, W. G. (2013). Informationskompetenz als Schulfach? In S. Gust von Loh & W.G. Stock (Eds.), Informationskompetenz in der Schule. Ein informationswissenschaftlicher Ansatz (pp. 1–20). Berlin, Boston, MA: De Gruyter Saur.Google Scholar

  • Hall, P. (1966). The World Cities. London, UK: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.Google Scholar

  • Hall, R. E., Bowerman, B., Braverman, J., Taylor, J., Todosow, H., & von Wimmersperg, U. (2000). The vision of a smart city. In 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, Paris, France, September 28, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Hartmann, S., Mainka, A., & Peters, I. (2013). Government activities in social media. In P. Parycek, & N. Edelmann (Eds.), CeDEM13. Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government (pp. 159–171). Krems, Austria: Donau-Universität Krems.Google Scholar

  • Hartmann, S., Mainka, A., & Stock, W. G. (2016). Opportunities and challenges for civic engagement: A global investigation of innovation competitions. International Journal of Knowledge Society Research, 7(3), 1–15.Google Scholar

  • Hartmann, S., Mainka, A., & Stock, W. G. (2017). Citizen relationship management in local governments: The potential of 311 for public service delivery. In A. A. Paulin, L. G. Anthopoulos, & C. G. Reddick (Eds.), Beyond Bureaucracy. Towards Sustainable Governance Informatisation (pp. 337–353). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. (Public Administration and Information Technology; 25).Google Scholar

  • Henkel, M. (2015a). Educators of the information society: Information literacy instruction in Canadian informational cities. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 13(3), 22–27.Google Scholar

  • Henkel, M. (2015b). Educators of the information society: Information literacy instruction in public and academic libraries of Canada. In Proceedings of the 78th ASIS&T Annual Meeting, November 6–10, 2015, St. Louis, Missouri (pp. 1–10). Silver Spring, MD: Association for Information Science and Technology.Google Scholar

  • Henkel, M., & Stock, W. G. (2016). We have big plans. Information literacy instruction in academic and public libraries in the United States of America. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Library and Information Science, July 12–14, 2016, Kyoto, Japan (pp. 159–175). Taipeh, Taiwan: International Business Academics Consortium.Google Scholar

  • Hollands, R. G. (2008). Will the real smart city please stand up? City, 12(3), 303–320.Google Scholar

  • Ilhan, A. (2015). Evaluation ubiquitärer Informationsdienste in New Songdo City. Libreas. Library Ideas, 27, 48–59.Google Scholar

  • Ilhan, A., & Fietkiewicz, K. J. (2017). Think green – bike! The bicycle sharing system in the smart city Barcelona. In LIS2017, International Conference on Library and Information Science, Sapporo, Japan, August 23–25. Taipeh, Taiwan: International Business Academics Consortium.Google Scholar

  • Ilhan, A., Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Stock, W. G. (2017). Do car drivers really need mobile parking payment? A critical evaluation of the smart service apparkB in Barcelona. In A. Marcus, & W. Wang (Eds.), Design, User Experience, and Usability: Designing Pleasurable Experiences. 6th International Conference, DUXU 2017, Held as Part of HCI International 2017, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July, 9–14, 2017, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 241–254). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 10289).Google Scholar

  • Ilhan, A., Möhlmann, R., & Stock, W. G. (2015a). Customer value research and ServQual surveys as methods for information need analysis. The ubiquitous city Songdo as a case study. In Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium of Information Science (pp. 457–468). Glückstadt, Germany: Hülsbusch.Google Scholar

  • Ilhan, A., Möhlmann, R., & Stock, W. G. (2015b). Citizens’ acceptance of u-life services in the ubiquitous city Songdo. In M. Foth, M. Brynskov, & T. Ojala (Eds.), Citizen’s Right to the Digital City. Urban Interfaces, Activism, and Placemaking (pp. 215–229). Singapore, SG: Springer.Google Scholar

  • International Urban Research (1959). The World’s Metropolitan Areas. Berkeley, CA und Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Jacobs, J. (1969). The Economy of Cities. New York, NY: Random House.Google Scholar

  • Khveshchanka, S., & Mainka, A. (2011). Informational cities as urban centers of the knowledge era. In My Ideal City. Scenarios for the European City of the 3rd Millennium (pp. 117–122). Venezia, Italy: Università Iuav di Venezia.Google Scholar

  • Khveshchanka, S., Mainka, A., & Peters, I. (2011). Singapur: Prototyp einer informationellen Stadt. Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis, 62(2/3), 111–121.Google Scholar

  • Klein, N. M. (2004). The Vatican to Vegas. A History of Special Effects. London, UK, and New York, NY: New Press.Google Scholar

  • Kosior, A., Barth, J., Gremm, J., Mainka, A., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Imported expertise in world-class knowledge infrastructures: The problematic development of knowledge cities in the Gulf region. Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice, 3(3), 17–44.Google Scholar

  • Kourtit, K., Nijkamp, P., & de Noronha Vaz, T. (2015). Cities in a shrinking globe. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 14(1/2), 6–16.Google Scholar

  • Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis. An Introduction to its Methodology. 2nd Ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

  • Lee, J. H., Hancock, M. G., & Hu, M.-C. (2014). Towards an effective framework for building smart cities: Lessons from Seoul and San Francisco. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 89, 80–99.Google Scholar

  • Linde, F., & Stock, W. G. (2011). Information Markets. A Strategic Guideline for the I-Commerce. Berlin, Germany, and New York, NY: De Gruyter Saur.Google Scholar

  • Madanipour, A. (2011). Knowledge Economy and the City. Spaces of Knowledge. London, UK, and New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Mahizhnan, A. (1999). Smart cities. The Singapore case, Cities. 16(1), 13–18.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A. (2017). Informational World Cities. An Empirical Investigation of Cities in the 21st Century. Diss. Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf / Philosophische Fakultät.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Castelnovo, W., Miettinen, V., Bech-Petersen, S., Hartmann, S., & Stock, W. G. (2016). Open innovation in smart cities: Participation and co-creation of public services. In Proceedings of the 79th ASIS&T Annual Meeting (Vol. 53). Creating Knowledge, Enhancing Lives through Information & Technology. Copenhagen, Oct. 14–18, 2016 (5 pp.).Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Fietkiewicz, K. J., Kosior, A., Pyka, S., & Stock, W. G. (2013). Maturity and usability of eGovernment in informational world cities. In E. Ferrari, & W. Castelnovo (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on eGovernment (pp. 292–300). Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Hartmann, S., Meschede, C., & Stock, W. G. (2015a). Mobile application services based upon open urban government data. In Proceedings of iConference 2015. Newport Beach CA, USA, March 24–27, 2015 (15 pp.).Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Hartmann, S., Meschede, C., & Stock, W. G. (2015b). Open government: Transforming data into value-added city services. In M. Foth, M. Brynskov, & T. Ojala (Eds.), Citizen’s Right to the Digital City. Urban Interfaces, Activism, and Placemaking (pp. 199–214). Singapore, SG: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Hartmann, S., Orszullok, L., Peters, I., Stallmann, A., & Stock, W. G. (2013). Public libraries in the knowledge society: Core services of libraries in informational world cities. Libri, 63(4), 295–319.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Hartmann, S., Stock, W. G., & Peters, I. (2014). Government and social media: A case study of 31 informational world cities. In Proceedings of the 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 1715–1724). Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., Hartmann, S., Stock, W. G., & Peters, I. (2015). Looking for friends and followers: A global investigation of governmental social media use. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 9(2), 237–254.Google Scholar

  • Mainka, A., & Khveshchanka, S. (2012). Digital libraries as knowledge hubs in informational cities. In Libraries in the Digital Age (LIDA), Proceedings Vol. 12, 18–22 June 2012. Zadar, Croatia: University of Zadar.Google Scholar

  • Maymir-Durcharme, F. A., & Angelelli, L. A. (2014). The smarter planet: Built on informatics and cybernetics. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 12(5), 49–54.Google Scholar

  • McKnight, S. (2006). Customers value research. In T. K. Flaten (Ed.), Management, Marketing and Promotion of Library Services (pp. 206–216). München, Germany: Saur.Google Scholar

  • Mitchell, W. J. (1995). City of Bits. Space, Place, and the Infobahn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Mitchell, W. J. (1999). e-topia. Urban Life, Jim – but not as We Know It. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Mitchell, W. J. (2003). Me++. The Cyborg-self and the Networked City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Millen, D. R. (2000). Rapid ethnography: Time deepening strategies for HCI field research. In Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, and Techniques (pp. 280–286). New York, NY: ACM.Google Scholar

  • Murugadas, D., Vieten, S., Nikolic, J., Fietkiewicz, K. J., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Creativity and entrepreneurship in informational metropolitan regions. Journal of Economics and Social Development, 2(1), 14–24.Google Scholar

  • Murugadas, D., Vieten, S., Nikolic, J., & Mainka, A. (2015). The informational world city London. Journal of Documentation, 71(4), 834–864.Google Scholar

  • Nam, T., & Pardo, T. A. (2011). Conceptualizing smart city with dimensions of technology, people, and institutions. In Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (pp. 282–291). New York, NY: ACM.Google Scholar

  • Neirotti, P., De Marco, A., Cagliano, A. C., Mangano, G., & Scorrano, F. (2014). Current trends in Smart City initiatives: Some stylised facts. Cities, 38, 25–36.Google Scholar

  • Negre, E., & Rosenthal-Sabroux, C. (2015). Smart cities: A salad bowl of citizens, ICT and environment. In A. Vesco, & F. Ferrero (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Social, Economic, and Environmental Sustainability in the Development of Smart Cities (pp. 61–78). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.Google Scholar

  • Nowag, B., Perez, M., & Stuckmann, M. (2011). Informationelle Weltstädte: Indikatoren zur Stellung von Städten im ‘Space of Flow’. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 62(2–3), 103–109.Google Scholar

  • O’Grady, M., & O’Hare, G. (2012). How smart is your city? Science, 335(1579), 1581–1582.Google Scholar

  • Payne, R. A. (1999). Frankfurt airport: Pioneering intermodal air-rail developments. Japan Railway & Transport Review, 19, 31–35.Google Scholar

  • Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V. A., & Berry, L. L. (1988). SERVQUAL: A multiple-item scale for measuring consumer perceptions of service quality. Journal of Retailing, 64(1), 12–40.Google Scholar

  • Peters, I., Hartmann, S., & Mainka, A. (2013). Social media use and outreach of selected public libraries in informational world cities. In I. Huvila (Ed.), Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop (pp. 79–93). Åbo/Turku, Finland: Åbo Akademie University.Google Scholar

  • Piro, G., Cianci, I., Grieco, L. A., Boggia, G., & Camarda, P. (2014). Information centric services in smart cities. The Journal of Systems and Software, 88, 169–188.Google Scholar

  • Ratti, C., Frenchman, D., Pulselli, R. M., & Williams, S. (2006). Mobile landscapes: Using location data from cell phones for urban analysis. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33(5), 727–748.Google Scholar

  • Revis, J. (2008). The art of architecture. Interview with Jon Jerde. Art and Living, Spring/Summer, 69–76.Google Scholar

  • Röttger, M., & Stock, W. G. (2003). Die mittlere Güte von Navigationssystemen. Ein Kennwert für komparative Analysen von Websites bei Usability-Nutzertests. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 54, 401–404.Google Scholar

  • Rybczynski, W. (2002). The Bilbao effect. The Atlantic, 290(2), 138–142.Google Scholar

  • Sassen, S. (2001). The Global City. New York, London, Tokyo. 2nd Ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.Google Scholar

  • Schumann, L., Rölike, S., & Stock, W. G. (2013). Hotspots and free wifi in a ubiquitous city. Do they serve citizens' information needs? The u-city of Oulu as a case study. In I. Huvila (Ed.), Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop 2013. June 5–6, Åbo/Turku, Finland (pp. 95–108). Åbo, Finland: Åbo Akademie University. (Skrifter utgivna av Informationsvetenskap vid Åbo Akademie; 2).Google Scholar

  • Schumann, L., & Stock, W. G. (2014a). The Information Service Evaluation (ISE) model. Webology, 11(1), article 115.Google Scholar

  • Schumann, L., & Stock, W. G. (2014b). Ein umfassendes ganzheitliches Modell für Evaluation und Akzeptanzanalysen von Informationsdiensten: Das Information Service Evaluation (ISE) Modell. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 65(4/5), 239–246.Google Scholar

  • Schumann, L., & Stock, W. G. (2015). Acceptance and use of ubiquitous cities’ information services. Information Services & Use, 35(3), 191–206.Google Scholar

  • Shin, D. H. (2009). Ubiquitous city. Urban technologies, urban infrastructure and urban informatics. Journal of Information Science, 35(5), 515–526.Google Scholar

  • Simmel, G. (1903). Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben. In Die Großstadt. Jahrbuch der Gehe-Stiftung, Vol. 9 (pp. 185–206).Google Scholar

  • Snow, C. C., Håkonsson, D. D., & Obel, B. (2017). A smart city is a collaborative community. California Management Review, 59(1), 92–108.Google Scholar

  • Søderström, O., Paasche, T., & Klauser, F. (2014). Smart cities as corporate storytelling. City, 18(3), 307–320.Google Scholar

  • Stallmeyer, J. C. (2009). Landscapes of informational urbanism. Journal of Landscape Architecture, 6(3), 34–39.Google Scholar

  • Stallmeyer, J. C. (2011). Building Bangalore. Architecture and Urban Transformation in India’s Silicon Valley. London, UK, and New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G. (2011a). Informational cities. Analysis and construction of cities in the knowledge society. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(5), 963–986.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G. (2011b). Informationelle Städte und Informations-wissenschaft. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 62(2), 65–67.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G. (2011c). Informationelle Städte im 21. Jahrhundert. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 62(2), 71–94.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G. (2015). Informational urbanism. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 13(6), 62–69.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G. (2017). “Renaissance bibliothekarischer Räume”. Herausforderungen an Bibliotheken in der Wissensgesellschaft. In P. Hauke & V. Petras (Eds.), Bibliothek. Forschung für die Praxis (pp. 473-484). Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter Saur.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G., & Stock, M. (2013). Handbook of Information Science. Berlin, Germany, and Boston, MA: De Gruyter Saur.Google Scholar

  • Stock, W. G., & Weber, S. (2006). Facets of informetrics. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 57(8), 385–389.Google Scholar

  • Taylor, P. J. (2004). World City Network. A Global Urban Analysis. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Taylor, P. J., Hoyler, M., & Verbruggen, R. (2010). External urban relational process. Introducing central flow theory to complement central place theory. Urban Studies, 47(13), 2803–2818.Google Scholar

  • Vlacheas, P., et al. (2013). Enabling smart cities through a cognitive management framework for the internet of things. IEEE Communications Magazine, 51(6), 102–111.Google Scholar

  • Weber, M. (1921). Die Stadt. Eine soziologische Untersuchung. Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik 47, 621–772.Google Scholar

  • Zanella, A., Bui, N., Vangelista, L., & Zorzi, M. (2014). Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 1(1), 22–32.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-11-09

Published in Print: 2017-11-02


Citation Information: Information - Wissenschaft & Praxis, Volume 68, Issue 5-6, Pages 365–377, ISSN (Online) 1619-4292, ISSN (Print) 1434-4653, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iwp-2017-0066.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in