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Information - Wissenschaft & Praxis

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Informationswissenschaft in der Urbanistik

Teil 2: Erste empirische Ergebnisse zu smarten Städten

Informational urbanism

Part 2: First empirical results of smart city research

Science de l'Information dans l’urbanisme

Partie 2: Premiers résultats empiriques sur les villes intelligentes

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang G. Stock
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  • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Abteilung für Informationswissenschaft, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 DüsseldorfHeinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfAbteilung für InformationswissenschaftUniversitätsstraße 140225 DüsseldorfGermany
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/ Julia Barth , B. A., M. A. / Kaja J. Fietkiewicz , B. A., M. A. / Julia Gremm , B. A., M. A. / Sarah Hartmann , B. A., M. A. / Maria Henkel , B. A., M. A. / Aylin Ilhan , B. A., B. A., M. A. / Dr. Agnes Mainka , B. A., M. A. / Christine Meschede , B. A., M. A. / Prof. Dr. Isabella Peters , B. A., M. A.
Published Online: 2018-02-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iwp-2018-0006

Zusammenfassung

Zeitgenössische und zukünftige Städte der Wissensgesellschaft werden oft als „smarte Städte“, „digitale Städte“ oder „ubiquitäre Städte“, „Wissensstädte“ und „kreative Städte“ bezeichnet. Die informationelle Urbanistik umfasst alle Aspekte von Information und (implizitem wie explizitem) Wissen in Hinblick auf städtische Regionen. „Informationelle Stadt“ (oder „smarte Stadt“ im weiteren Sinne) ist ein Sammelbegriff, der die unterschiedlichen Trends der informationsbezogenen Stadtforschung vereint. Die informationelle Stadtforschung ist ein interdisziplinäres Unternehmen, das einerseits Informatik und Informationswissenschaft sowie andererseits Stadtforschung, Stadtplanung, Architektur, Stadtökonomie und Stadtsoziologie vereint. In diesem Artikel präsentieren wir Ergebnisse unserer empirischen Studien über solche Städte auf der ganzen Welt. Der fundierende theoretische Rahmen besteht aus sieben Bausteinen, nämlich Informations- und Wissensinfrastrukturen, Wirtschaft, Politik (E-Governance) und Verwaltung (E-Government), Räume (Raum der Ströme und Raum der Orte), Standortfaktoren, das Informationsverhalten der Menschen und die Problembereiche.

Abstract

Some contemporary and future cities of the knowledge society are often labeled as “smart cities,” “digital cities” or “ubiquitous cities,” “knowledge cities,” and “creative cities.” Informational urbanism includes all aspects of information and (tacit as well as explicit) knowledge with regard to urban regions. “Informational city” (or “smart city” in a broader sense) is an umbrella term uniting the divergent trends of information-related city research. Informational urbanism is an interdisciplinary endeavor incorporating on the one side computer science and information science as well as on the other side urban studies, city planning, architecture, city economics, and city sociology. In this article, we present results from our empirical studies on smart cities all over the world. The foundational framework consists of seven building blocks, namely information and knowledge related infrastructures, economy, politics (E-Governance) and administration (E-Government), spaces (spaces of flows and spaces of places), location factors, the people’s information behavior, and problem areas.

Résumé

Les villes contemporaines et futures de la société de la connaissance sont souvent appelées «villes intelligentes», «villes numériques» ou «villes ubiquitaires», «villes du savoir» et «villes créatives». L'urbanisme informationnel couvre tous les aspects de l'information et des connaissances (implicites et explicites) par rapport aux régions urbaines. La «ville informative» (ou «ville intelligente» au sens large) est un terme collectif qui rassemble les différentes tendances de la recherche urbaine liée à l'information. La recherche urbaine informationnelle est une entreprise interdisciplinaire qui combine, d’un côté, l’informatique et la science de l'information et, de l’autre, la recherche urbaine, l'urbanisme, l'architecture, l'économie urbaine et la sociologie urbaine. Dans cet article, nous présentons les résultats de nos études empiriques sur ces villes à travers le monde. Le cadre théorique sous-jacent comprend sept composantes : les infrastructures d'information et de connaissance, l’économie, la politique (E-gouvernance) et l’administration (E-gouvernement), les espaces (l’espace des flux et l’espace des lieux), les facteurs de localisation, le comportement informationnel des personnes et les domaines problématiques.

Schlagwörter: Smarte Stadt; Informationelle Stadt; Wissensgesellschaft; Informationelle Urbanistik; Stadtforschung; Informations- und Wissensinfrastruktur; Wirtschaft; E-Government; E-Governance; Raum der Ströme; Raum der Orte; Standortfaktor; Informationsverhalten

Keywords: Smart city; Informational city; Knowledge society; Informational urbanism; City research; Information and knowledge related infrastructure; Economy; E-Government; E-Governance; Space of flows; Space of places; Location factor; Information behavior

Mots-clés: Ville intelligente; Ville informationnelle; Société de la connaissance; Urbanisme informationnel; Recherche urbaine; Infrastructure de l'information et du savoir; Économie; Administration en ligne; Gouvernance électronique; Espace de flux; Espace des lieux; Facteur de localisation; Comportement informationnel

Übersetzte und erweiterte Version eines Vortrags (Barth et al., 2017), den Christine Meschede bei der 50. Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) am 5. Januar 2017 in Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA gehalten hat. Im ersten Teil des Doppelartikels zur Informationswissenschaft in der Urbanistik haben wir die theoretischen Grundlagen sowie die eingesetzten Forschungsmethoden skizziert (IWP Heft 4/5, 2017). Im vorliegenden zweiten Teil berichten wir über unsere bisherigen empirischen Resultate.

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About the article

Published Online: 2018-02-02

Published in Print: 2018-02-23


Citation Information: Information - Wissenschaft & Praxis, Volume 69, Issue 1, Pages 31–46, ISSN (Online) 1619-4292, ISSN (Print) 1434-4653, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iwp-2018-0006.

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