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Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization

Ed. by Azzam, Azzeddine

CiteScore 2018: 0.57

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.324
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.398

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Technical and Financial Feasibility Analysis of Distributed Bioprocessing Using Regional Biomass Pre-Processing Centers

Joseph E. Carolan / Satish V. Joshi / Bruce E. Dale
Published Online: 2007-12-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1542-0485.1203

Research indicates that large biorefineries capable of handling 5000-10000MT of biomass per day are necessary to achieve process economies. However, such large biorefineries also entail increased costs of biomass transportation and storage, high transaction costs of contracting with a large number of farmers for biomass supply, potential market power issues, and local environmental impacts. We propose a network of regional biomass preprocessing centers (RBPC) that form an extended biomass supply chain feeding into a biorefinery, as a way to address these issues. The RBPC, in its mature form, is conceptualized as a flexible processing facility capable of pre-treating and converting biomass into appropriate feedstocks for a variety of final products such as fuels, chemicals, electricity, and animal feeds. We evaluate the technical and financial feasibility of a simple RBPC that uses ammonia fiber expansion pretreatment process and produces animal feed along with biorefinery feedstock.

Keywords: ethanol; biofuels; biomass pretreatment; distributed preprocessing; biomass supply chain

About the article

Published Online: 2007-12-10

Citation Information: Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, Volume 5, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1542-0485, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1542-0485.1203.

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