Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Applied Geodesy

Editor-in-Chief: Kahmen, Heribert / Rizos, Chris

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 1.23

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.445
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.357

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 6, Issue 3-4


A 3-d laser scanning system and scan data processing method for the monitoring of tunnel deformations

Klaus Chmelina / Josef Jansa / Gerd Hesina / Christoph Traxler
Published Online: 2012-11-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2012-0013


The paper presents the mobile multi-sensor system Orthos Plus for the monitoring and mapping of tunnel walls, a scan data processing method for the evaluation of 3-d tunnel wall displacements from subsequent wall scans and, finally, a virtual reality tool supporting the interpretation of data. The measuring system consists of a 3-d laser scanner, a motorised total station and a digital camera that are integrated on a light metal frame that is installed on a mobile platform. It has been designed to perform tunnel measurements most efficiently and to meet the special requirements of tunnels under construction. The evaluation of 3-d displacements is based on a 3-d matching algorithm that takes advantage of the particular conditions of tunnel (shotcrete) surfaces. The virtual reality tool allows viewing of data in a 3-d virtual reality tunnel model and their animation in time and space in order supports understanding in an optimal way. The measuring system Orthos Plus has been developed in the course of a national research project, the 3-d matching method in the frame of the Austrian Christian Doppler Laboratory Spatial Data from Laser Scanning and Remote Sensing and the VR tool in the Austrian COMET K1 Competence Center VRVis Center (www.vrvis.at).

Keywords: 3-d laser scanning; mobile multi sensor system; tunnel deformation monitoring; virtual reality

About the article

Received: 2012-03-16

Accepted: 2012-08-24

Published Online: 2012-11-21

Published in Print: 2012-11-01

Citation Information: Journal of Applied Geodesy, Volume 6, Issue 3-4, Pages 177–185, ISSN (Online) 1862-9024, ISSN (Print) 1862-9016, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2012-0013.

Export Citation

© 2012 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Zbigniew Muszyński, Jarosław Rybak, and Paulina Kaczor
Sensors, 2018, Volume 18, Number 11, Page 4067
Annette Mossel
Sensors, 2015, Volume 15, Number 12, Page 31482
Seraphim Amvrazis, Klaus Voit, Tobias Cordes, and Konrad Bergmeister
Geomechanics and Tunnelling, 2017, Volume 10, Number 3, Page 298
Ján Erdélyi, Alojz Kopáčik, Imrich Lipták, and Peter Kyrinovič
Applied Geomatics, 2017, Volume 9, Number 2, Page 105
Yi Lin, Juha Hyyppä, and Antero Kukko
Sensors, 2013, Volume 13, Number 7, Page 8140

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in