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Journal of Applied Geodesy

Editor-in-Chief: Kahmen, Heribert / Rizos, Chris


CiteScore 2018: 1.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.532
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.064

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1862-9024
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Volume 8, Issue 3

Issues

Biased and Unbiased Estimates Based on Laser Scans of Surfaces with Unknown Deformations

Christoph Holst
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation, University of Bonn, Nussallee 17, 53115 Bonn, Germany
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/ Thomas Artz
  • Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation, University of Bonn, Nussallee 17, 53115 Bonn, Germany
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/ Heiner Kuhlmann
  • Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation, University of Bonn, Nussallee 17, 53115 Bonn, Germany
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Published Online: 2014-10-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2014-0006

Abstract

The estimates based on laser scans of surfaces with unknown deformations are biased and not reproducible when changing the scanning geometry. While the existence of a bias is only disadvantageous at some applications, non-reproducible estimates are never desired. Hence, this varying bias and its origin need to be investigated - since this situation has not been examined sufficiently in the literature. Analyzing this situation, the dependence of the estimation on the network configuration is highlighted: the network configuration - studied similarly to geodetic networks - rules about the impact of the deformation.

As pointed out, this impact can be altered by manipulating the network configuration. Therefore, several strategies are proposed. These include manipulations of the leastsquares adjustment as well as robust estimation. It is revealed that the reproducibility of the estimates can indeed be significantly increased by some of the proposed leastsquares manipulations. However, the bias can only be significantly reduced by robust estimation.

Keywords: laser scanning; deformation; surface approximation; bias; network configuration; partial redundancies

About the article

Published Online: 2014-10-02

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Journal of Applied Geodesy, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 169–184, ISSN (Online) 1862-9024, ISSN (Print) 1862-9016, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2014-0006.

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[1]
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[2]
Florian Zimmermann, Berit Schmitz, Lasse Klingbeil, and Heiner Kuhlmann
Sensors, 2018, Volume 19, Number 1, Page 25
[3]
Christoph Holst, David Schunck, Axel Nothnagel, Rüdiger Haas, Lars Wennerbäck, Henrik Olofsson, Roger Hammargren, and Heiner Kuhlmann
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