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Journal of Applied Geodesy

Editor-in-Chief: Kahmen, Heribert / Rizos, Chris

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Volume 13, Issue 3


Monitoring of extreme land hydrology events in central Poland using GRACE, land surface models and absolute gravity data

Joanna Kuczynska-SiehienORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7444-4753
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
  • Faculty of Geodesy, Geospatial and Civil Engineering, 49674 University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 2, Olsztyn, Poland
  • orcid.org/0000-0001-7444-4753
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/ Dimitrios PiretzidisORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0148-8063 / Michael G. Sideris / Tomasz Olszak
  • Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology, Plac Politechniki 1, 00-661, Warszawa, Poland
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/ Viktor Szabó
  • Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology, Plac Politechniki 1, 00-661, Warszawa, Poland
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Published Online: 2019-04-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2019-0003


This study deals with the analysis of temporal gravity variations in central Poland, deduced from multiple sources and covering the period from 2002–2016. The gravity data sets used comprise GRACE monthly solutions, GLDAS land surface models and absolute gravimeter measurements from the FG-5 gravimeter located in Józefosław, Poland. All data are corrected using standard processing methods in order to include the same gravity effects. After removing the annual and semi-annual components from all data using least-squares spectral analysis and seasonal-trend decomposition, the deseasoned time series are derived and examined for signatures of extreme hydrological events. The signatures of several severe drought and flood conditions affecting Poland and central Europe are identified. A complementary correlation analysis is performed to assess the level of agreement between different data sources. A higher correlation is shown when the analysis is restricted in the 2009–2012 period that includes the 2010 extreme flood and 2011 increased precipitation events, both affecting Poland.

Keywords: Temporal gravity variations; Local hydrology; Flood monitoring; GRACE; GLDAS; Absolute gravimeter


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About the article

Received: 2019-01-15

Accepted: 2019-03-28

Published Online: 2019-04-20

Published in Print: 2019-07-26

Funding Source: Narodowe Centrum Nauki

Award identifier / Grant number: UMO-2015/17/B/ST10/03927

Financial support for this research was provided to the first author by the National Science Center, Poland, agreement number UMO-2015/17/B/ST10/03927 from 16th March 2016; and to the third author by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

Citation Information: Journal of Applied Geodesy, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 229–243, ISSN (Online) 1862-9024, ISSN (Print) 1862-9016, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2019-0003.

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