Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Journal of Artificial General Intelligence

The Journal of the Artificial General Intelligence Society

3 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
In This Section

The Outline of Personhood Law Regarding Artificial Intelligences and Emulated Human Entities

Kamil Muzyka
  • Corresponding author
  • The Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies Trinity College Hartford, CT, USA
  • Email:
Published Online: 2014-04-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jagi-2013-0010


On the verge of technological breakthroughs, which define and revolutionize our understanding of intelligence, cognition, and personhood, especially when speaking of artificial intelligences and mind uploads, one must consider the legal implications of granting personhood rights to artificial intelligences or emulated human entities

Keywords: AI; artificial intelligence; corporate personhood; mind upload; infomorph; ent; robot; personhood; legal person; law


  • Chislenko, A. 1996. Networking in the Mind Age. Retrieved from http://penta2.ufrgs.br/edu/telelab/10/mindage.htm

  • Didymus, J.T. 2013. Google's Ray Kurzweil: 'Mind upload' digital immortality by 2045. Retrieved from http://digitaljournal.com/article/352787

  • Fox, J. 2012. Great Ape Personhood. Retrieved from http://erepository.law.shu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1102&context=student_scholarship

  • Gee, F.C.; Browne W.N.; and Kawamura, K. 2005. Uncanny Valley Revisited. IEEE International Workshop on Robots and Human Interactive Communication. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1513772&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D1513772

  • Hallevy, G. 2010. The Criminal Liability of Artificial Intelligence Entities. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1564096

  • Human Connectome Project. Retrieved from http://www.humanconnectomeproject.org/

  • Huttunen, A.; Kulovesi, J.; Brace, W.; Lechner, L.G.; Silvennoinen, K.; and Kantola, V. 2010. Liberating Intelligent Machines with Financial Instruments. Retrieved from http://www.njcl.utu.fi/2_2010/huttunen_anniina.pdf

  • Lehman-Wilzig, S.N. 1981. Frankenstein Unbound-Towards a Legal Definition of Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved from http://profslw.com/wpcontent/uploads/academic/40._Frankenstein_Unbound.Towards_a_legal_definition...pdf

  • Lepisto, C. 2013. Will Brain Race Be This Generation's Moon Race? Retrieved from http://parentables.howstuffworks.com/health-wellness/will-brain-race-be-generations-moon-race.html

  • Malinowski, W. Czy można zajść w kolejną ciążę, będąc już w ciąży? Świat Nauki 240. Prószyński Media.

  • Markoff, J. 2013. Obama Seeking to Boost Study of Human Brain. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/18/science/project-seeks-to-build-map-of-human-brain.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

  • Pinchefsky, C. 2013. Dmitry Itskov Wants To Live Forever. (He Wants You To Live Forever, Too). Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/carolpinchefsky/2013/06/18/dmitry-itskov-wants-to-liveforever-he-wants-you-to-live-forever-too/

  • Porter, T. The Perils of Deep Packet Inspection. Retrieved from http://www.symantec.com/connect/articles/perils-deep-packet-inspection

  • Renard, M. 2013. Organovo Describes First Fully Cellular 3D Bioprinted Liver Tissue. Retrieved from http://ir.organovo.com/news/press-releases/press-releases-details/2013/Organovo-Describes-First-Fully-Cellular-3D-Bioprinted-Liver-Tissue/default.aspx

  • Roff, H.M. Killing in War: Responsibility, Liability and Lethal Autonomous Robots. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/2606840/Killing_in_War_Responsibility_Liability_and_Lethal_Autonomous_Robots

  • Salmon, F.; and Stokes, J. 2010 Algorithms Take Control of Wall Street. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/12/ff_ai_flashtrading/

  • Smith, M. 2013. How Cloud Computing Works : Pros and Cons of Cloud Computing. Retrieved from http://techyyouth.com/2013/04/how-cloud-computing-works-pros-and-cons-of-cloud-computing

  • The Mind Uploading Project. Retrieved from http://minduploadingproject.org/

  • Weng,Y.H.; Chen, C.H; and Sun, C.T. Toward the Human-Robot Co-Existence Society: On Safety Intelligence for Next Generation Robots. International Journal of Social Robotics 04.2009.

  • Retrieved from http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=weng_yueh_hsuan

  • Williams, C. Stem cell fraudster made 'virgin birth' breakthrough: Silver lining for Korean science scandal. The Register: 03.08.2007

About the article

Received: 2013-07-31

Accepted: 2013-12-31

Published Online: 2014-04-25

Published in Print: 2013-12-01

Citation Information: Journal of Artificial General Intelligence, ISSN (Online) 1946-0163, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jagi-2013-0010. Export Citation

© by Kamil Muzyka. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in