Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Ancient History

Ed. by Farney, Gary

2 Issues per year

Online
ISSN
2324-8114
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Roman colonial coinages beyond the city-state: a view from the Samnite world

Marleen K. Termeer
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Leiden, Faculty of Archaeology, Einsteinweg 2, 2333 CC Leiden, The NetherlandsNetherlands
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-11-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jah-2016-0012

Abstract

This article reassesses the socio-political significance of coinage production by Latin colonies in the third century BC. It challenges the traditional assumption that these coinages confirm the colonies’ political status as autonomous city-states, and thus contributes to recent research on the character of early Roman colonization. It is argued that early Samnite experiments with coinage in the fifth and fourth centuries are important comparanda for the colonial coinages: both the early colonial coinages and the Samnite issues are produced in interaction with but on the fringes of a Greek world in which coinage production and use was well established. The comparison shows that the context of production of the colonial coinages of Cales, Suessa Aurunca, Aesernia and Beneventum is similar to previous and contemporary issues produced by Samnite groups active in Samnium and Campania. In both cases, production is most probably connected to mercenary or military activities. In this context, it is improbable that a strong conceptual connection between political autonomy and coinage production existed in Italy when the Latin colonies produced their coinages. Rather than seeing coinage as proof of their independent city-state status, it is suggested that coinage production helped to develop the colonies’ socio-political self-definition.

Keywords: Latin colonization; socio-political organization; Samnite coinages; Roman colonial coinages

Bibliography

  • HN = Italy Rutter, N. K., editor. Historia numorum. Italy. London: British Museum, 2001.Google Scholar

  • ICGH = Thompson, M., O. Mørkholm and C. M. Kraay. An Inventory of Greek coin hoards. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1973.Google Scholar

  • ImIt = Crawford, M. H., W. M. Broadhead, J. P. T. Clackson, F. Santangelo, S. Thompson and M. Watmough. Imagines italicae: a corpus of Italic inscriptions. London: Institute of Classical Studies, University of London, 2011.Google Scholar

  • RRC = Crawford, M. H. Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 1974.Google Scholar

  • Sannio = AA.VV. Sannio. Pentri e Frentani dal VI al I sec. a.C. Catalogo della mostra. Rome: De Luca, 1980.Google Scholar

  • Armstrong, J. War and Society in Early Rome: from warlords to generals. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 2016.Google Scholar

  • Arslan, E. A. “Moneta e circolazione monetaria in area adriatica in età preromana.” In Rimini e l’Adriatico nell’età delle guerre puniche. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di Studi Rimini, Musei Comunale, 25–27 marzo 2004, edited by F. Lenzi, 33–54. Bologna: Ante Quem, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Bellini, G. R., A. Launaro and M. Millett. “Roman colonial landscapes: Interamna Lirenas and its territory through antiquity.” In Roman Republican Colonization: new perspectives from archaeology and ancient history, edited by T. D. Stek and J. Pelgrom, 255–275. Rome: Palombi, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Bispham, E. “Coloniam deducere: how Roman was Roman colonization during the Middle Republic?” In Greek and Roman colonization: origins, ideologies and interactions, edited by G. J. Bradley, J.-P. Wilson and E. Bispham, 73–160. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Bispham, E. “The Samnites.” In Ancient Italy. Regions without Boundaries, edited by G. Bradley, E. Isayev and C. Riva, 179–223. Exeter: University of Exeter, 2007.Google Scholar

  • Bleckmann, B. “Rom und die Kampaner von Rhegion.” Chiron 29 (1999): 123–146.Google Scholar

  • Bourdin, S. “Les Samnites: perspective historique.” In Entre archéologie et histoire. Dialogues sur divers peuples de l’Italie préromaine, edited by M. Aberson, M. C. Biella, M. Di Fazio and M. Wullschleger, 205–219. Bern: Peter Lang, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Bradley, G. “Tribes, states and cities in central Italy.” In The emergence of state identities in Italy in the first millennium BC, edited by E. Herring and K. Lomas, 109–129. London: Accordia Research Institute, University of London, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Bradley, G. “Colonization and identity in Republican Italy.” In Greek and Roman Colonization: origins, ideologies and interactions, edited by G. J. Bradley, J.-P. Wilson and E. Bispham, 161–188. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Burnett, A. M. “Review article: Nummi Italici. A numismatic commentary on Imagines Italicae.” Numismatic Chronicle 173 (2013): 437–456.Google Scholar

  • Caccamo Caltabiano, M. “Il tipo monetale del Cavaliere nell’ottica del Lessico Iconografico Numismatico.” In La tradizione iconica come fonte storica: il ruolo della numismatica negli studi di iconografia. Atti del I incontro di studio del Lexicon Iconographicum Numismaticae (Messina, 6–8 marzo 2003), edited by M. Caccamo Caltabiano, D. Castrizio and M. Pugliese, 17–45. Reggio Calabria: Falzea, 2004.Google Scholar

  • Camilleri, V. G. “Presenze monetali in area Albanese.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 54 (2008): 87–150.Google Scholar

  • Campana, A. “Corpus Nummorum Antiquae Italiae (zecche minori).” Panorama Numismatico 57–93 (1992–1996).Google Scholar

  • Campana, A. “Aggiornamento al Corpus Nummorum Antiquae Italiae. Samnium: Saunitai o Sanniti (310–300 a.C.).” In Pietre e monete I – Samnites, 95–100. Cassino: Diana, 2009a.Google Scholar

  • Campana, A. “Aggiornamento al Corpus Nummorum Antiquae Italiae. Samnium: Peripòloi Pitanitàn (310–300 a.C.).” In Pietre e monete I – Samnites, 101–108. Cassino: Diana, 2009b.Google Scholar

  • Campanelli, A. “La monetazione di Atri.” In Dalla valle del Piombo alla valle del basso Pescara, 94–103. Pescara: Fondazione Cassa di risparmio della provincia di Teramo, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R. Monete della Campania antica. Naples: Banco di Napoli, 1988.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R. “L’economia monetale nel Sannio pentro tra IV e I sec. a. C.” In Romanus an Italicus. Le Conferenze del premio “E.T. Salmon” II, edited by G. De Benedittis, 57–73. Campobasso: Istituto regionale per gli studi storici del Molise “V. Cuoco”: Fondazione “E.T. Salmon”, 1996.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R. “La moneta tra Campani e Sanniti nel IV e III secolo.” In Studi sull’Italia dei Sanniti, edited by R. Cappelli. Milano: Electa, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R. “La fine delle coniazioni in argento in Campania.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 60 (2014): 195–203.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R., L. Cerchiai and A. Pontrandolfo Greco. “L’immagine di Eracle in lotta contro il leone nella documentazione del IV secolo a.C.” In La tradizione iconica come fonte storica: il ruolo della numismatica negli studi di iconografia. Atti del I incontro di studio del Lexicon Iconographicum Numismaticae (Messina, 6–8 marzo 2003), edited by M. Caccamo Caltabiano, D. Castrizio and M. Pugliese, 131–150. Reggio Calabria: Falzea, 2004.Google Scholar

  • Cantilena, R., M. Pellegrino and M. Satriano. “Monete da Poseidonia-Paestum. Trasformazioni e continuità tra Greci, Lucani e Romani.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 46 (1999): 9–154.Google Scholar

  • Carradice, I. and M. Price. Coinage in the Greek world. London: Seaby, 1988.Google Scholar

  • Casarotto, A., J. Pelgrom and T. D. Stek. “Testing settlement models in the early Roman colonial landscapes of Venusia (291 B.C.), Cosa (273 B.C.) and Aesernia (263 B.C.).” Journal of Field Archaeology 41(5) (2016): 568–586.Google Scholar

  • Càssola, F. “Problemi di storia neapolitana.” AttiTaranto 25 (1986): 37–80.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “Note sulla produzione e circolazione monetaria dell’Etruria meridionale in età romana.” In Il Lazio nell’antichità romana, edited by R. Lefevre, 129–136. Rome: Palombi, 1982.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “Circolazione monetaria in Abruzzo e Molise tra IV e III sec. a.C.” Annali della Facoltà di lettere e filosofia. Università degli studi di Perugia 20 (1982/1983): 177–214.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “Moneta e territorio: l’agro falisco.” In La civiltà dei Falisci. Atti del XV convegno di studi etruschi ed italici, 245–250. Florence: Olschki, 1987.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “Rinvenimenti monetali in Italia centrale.” Dialoghi di archeologia 8.2 (1990): 67–75.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “La circolazione monetaria nella Marsica antica.” In Il tesoro del lago: l’archeologia del Fucino e la collezione Torlonia, edited by A. Campanelli, 179–185. Pescara: Carsa, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. “Materiali numismatici dal santuario di Casalvieri (Sora).” In Depositi votivi e culti dell’Italia antica dall’età arcaica a quella tardo-repubblican, edited by A. Comella and S. Mele, 145–151. Bari: Edipuglia, 2005.Google Scholar

  • Catalli, F. and A. Campanelli. “Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Chieti. Nuovi materiali per una storia della circolazione monetaria in Abruzzo.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 30 (1983): 137–158.Google Scholar

  • Chatr Aryamontri, D. “Insediamenti, vie di comunicazione e circolazione monetale in Peucezia.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 48 (2001): 13–72.Google Scholar

  • Coles, A. J. Not effigies parvae populi romani: gods, agency, and landscape in Mid-Republican colonization. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Pennsylvania: 2009.Google Scholar

  • Cornell, T. “The conquest of Italy.” In Cambridge Ancient History 7.2. The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C., edited by F. W. Walbank, 351–419. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 1989.Google Scholar

  • Crawford, M. H. “Review of Rutter 1979.” The Classical Review 33(1) (1983): 107–108.Google Scholar

  • Crawford, M. H. Coinage and money under the Roman Republic: Italy and the Mediterranean economy. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California, 1985.Google Scholar

  • Crawford, M. H. “The Mugnano hoard.” Coin Hoards 8 (1994): 82.Google Scholar

  • Crawford, M. H. “La storia della colonizzazione romana secondo i Romani.” In Studi in memoria di Ettore Lepore, 1. L’incidenza dell’antico. Atti del convegno internazionale, Anacapri 24–28 marzo 1991, edited by A. Storchi Marino, 187–192. Naples: Luciano, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Crawford, M. H. “Thesauri, hoards and votive deposits.” In Sanctuaires et sources dans l’antiquité. Les sources documentaires et leurs limites dans la description des lieux de culte, edited by O. De Cazanove and J. Scheid, 69–84. Naples: Centre Jean Bérard, 2003.Google Scholar

  • Cristofani, M. “La monetazione etrusca dieci anni dopo il convegno di Napoli.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 36 (1989): 83–100.Google Scholar

  • Dench, E. From Barbarians to New Men: Greek, Roman, and modern perceptions of peoples of the central Apennines. Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Ercolani Cocchi, E. “Rinvenimenti numismatici e percorsi appenninici tra Cispadana e regioni centrali.” Studi romagnoli 46 (1995): 35–67.Google Scholar

  • Erdkamp, P. “War and state formation in the Roman Republic.” In A Companion to the Roman Army, edited by P. Erdkamp, 96–113. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2011.Google Scholar

  • Fentress, E. “Introduction. Frank Brown, Cosa, and the idea of a Roman city.” In Romanization and the City. Creation, transformations, and failures. Proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome, 14 – 16 May 1998, edited by E. Fentress, 11–24. Portsmouth: Journal of Roman Archaeology, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Figueira, T. J. The Power of Money: Coinage and Politics in the Athenian Empire. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Frederiksen, M. “Napoli e i greci d’occidente dal 450 al 350 a.C. circa. Vecchi problemi e nuove prospettive.” In La monetazione di Neapolis nella Campania antica, 3–22. Naples: Centro Internazionale di Studi Numismatici, 1986.Google Scholar

  • Galsterer, H. Herrschaft und Verwaltung im republikanischen Italien: die Beziehungen Roms zu den italischen Gemeinden vom Latinerfrieden 338 v. Chr. bis zum Bundesgenossenkrieg 91 v. Chr. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1976.Google Scholar

  • Gargola, D. J. Lands, Laws and Gods: magistrates and ceremony in the regulation of public lands in Republican Rome. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Giove, T. “Monete dal fiume Garigliano.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 45 (1998): 129–286.Google Scholar

  • Grella, C. “La collezione Console nel Museo di Avellino.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 26 (1979): 241–267.Google Scholar

  • Griffith, G. T. Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 1935.Google Scholar

  • Hansen, H. M. “The ‘autonomous city-state.’ Ancient fact or modern fiction?” In Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis, edited by H. M. Hansen and K. Raaflaub, 21–43. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Hollstein, W. “Die “Roma-Victoria”-Didrachme–ein Beleg für römisch-ptolemäischen Beziehungen um 3. Jh. v. Chr.?” Dresdner Numismatische Hefte 2 (2000): 3–12.Google Scholar

  • Howgego, C. J. Ancient History from Coins. London: Routledge, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Isayev, E. “Italy before the Romans.” In A Companion to Roman Italy, edited by A. Cooley, 2–32. West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell, 2016.Google Scholar

  • Kohring, S. and Wynne-Jones, S. “Socialising complexity.” In Socialising Complexity: structure, interaction and power in archaeological discourse, edited by S. Kohring and S. Wynne-Jones, 2–12. Oxford: Oxbow, 2007.Google Scholar

  • La Regina, A. “Note sulla formazione dei centri urbani in area sabellica.” In Studi sulla città antica. Atti del convegno di studi sulla ciità etrusca e italica preromana, 191–207. Bologna: Istituto per la storia di Bologna, 1970.Google Scholar

  • La Regina, A. “Introduzione b. Dalle guerre sannitiche alla romanizzazione.” In Sannio: Pentri e Frentani dal VI al I sec. A.C. (catalogo), 29–42. Rome: De Luca, 1980.Google Scholar

  • La Regina, A. “I Sanniti.” In Italia: omnium terrarum parens: la civiltà degli Enotri, Choni, Ausoni, Sanniti, Lucani, Brettii, Sicani, Siculi, Elimi, edited by C. Ampolo, 299–432. Milan: Libri Scheiwiller, 1989.Google Scholar

  • La Regina, A. “Sanniti e Greci nel IV secolo a.C. La leggenda delle origini spartane” In Il Molise, arte, cultura, paesaggi, edited by N. Paone, 54–62. Rome: Palombi, 1990.Google Scholar

  • La Regina, A. “La lancia e il toro.” In Il mutevole aspetto di Clio, edited by G. De Benedittis, 41–57. Campobasso: Editrice Lampo, 1994.Google Scholar

  • Lapenna, S. “Il deposito monetale.” In Schiavi d’Abruzzo. Le aree sacre, edited by S. Lapenna, 123–128. Sulmona: Synapsi, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Laurence, R., S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears. The City in the Roman West, c. 250 BC-c. AD 250. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 2011.Google Scholar

  • Lee, I. “Entella: the silver coinage of the Campanian mercenaries and the site of the first Carthaginian mint 410–409 BC.” Numismatic Chronicle 160 (2000): 1–66.Google Scholar

  • Lepore, E. “La città tra Campani e Romani.” In Napoli antica, 109–115. Naples: Gaetano Macchiaroli, 1985.Google Scholar

  • Libero Mangieri, G. “Monete romano-campane e campano-tarentine in un tesoretto rinvenuto ad Ischitella (FG).” Notiziario del Portale Numismatico dello Stato 1 (2013): 93–102.Google Scholar

  • Lomas, K. “The Greeks in the west and the Hellenization of Italy.” In The Greek World, edited by A. Powell, 347–367. London: Routledge, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Marchetti, P. “En guise d’épigraphie monétaire.” In La monetazione di Neapolis nella Campania antica. Atti del VII Convegno del Centro internazionale di studi numismatici, 443–463. Naples: Arte tipografica, 1986.Google Scholar

  • Marchetti, P. “Numismatique romaine et histoire.” Cahiers du Centre G. Glotz. Revue d’histoire ancienne 4 (1993): 25–65.Google Scholar

  • Martin, T. R. Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece. Princeton: Princeton U. P., 1985.Google Scholar

  • Martin, T. R. “Coins, mints, and the polis.” In Sources for the Ancient Greek City–State, edited by H. M. Hansen, 257–291. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Martin, T. R. “Why did the Greek “polis” originally need coins?” Historia 45(3) (1996): 257–283.Google Scholar

  • Meadows, A. “Money, freedom, and empire in the Hellenistic world.” In Money and Its Uses in the Ancient Greek World, edited by A. Meadows and K. Shipton, 53–63. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2001.Google Scholar

  • Meadows, A. “The spread of coins in the Hellenistic world.” In Explaining Monetary and Financial Innovation, edited by P. Bernholz and R. Vaubel, 169–194. Cham: Springer, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Morgan, C. Early Greek States Beyond the Polis. London: Routledge, 2003.Google Scholar

  • Nicolet, C. “Le Stipendium des Alliés Italiens avant la Guerre Sociale.” Papers of the British School at Rome 46 (1978): 1–11.Google Scholar

  • Oliver, G. “The politics of coinage: Athens and Antigonus Gonatas.” In Money and Its Uses in the Ancient Greek World, edited by A. Meadows and K. Shipton, 35–52. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2001.Google Scholar

  • Pagano, M. “Attività della soprintendenza per i beni archeologici di Caserta e Benevento.” Atti Taranto 48(2) (2009): 945–1005.Google Scholar

  • Pantuliano, S. “La monetazione della colonia latina di Cales.” In XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática Madrid – 2003, edited by C. Alfaro Asíns, C. Marcos and P. Otero, 357–368. Madrid: Ministerio de cultura et al., 2005.Google Scholar

  • Panvini Rosati, F. “Monete della stipe di Vicarello nel Museo nazionale romano.” Atti della Pontificia accademia romana di archeologia. Rendiconti 40 (1967): 57–74.Google Scholar

  • Pelgrom, J. “Settlement organization and land distribution in Latin colonies before the Second Punic War.” In People, Land and Politics. Demographic developments and the transformation of Roman Italy 300 BC-AD 14., edited by L. De Ligt and S. J. Northwood, 317–356. Leiden: Brill, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Pelgrom, J. Colonial Landscapes. Demography, settlement organization and impact of colonies founded by Rome (4th – 2nd centuries BC). Unpublished PhD thesis, Leiden University, 2012.Google Scholar

  • Pelgrom, J. “Roman colonization and the city-state model.” In Roman Republican Colonization: new perspectives from archaeology and ancient history, edited by T. D. Stek and J. Pelgrom, 73–85. Rome: Palombi, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Pelgrom, J. and T. D. Stek. “Roman colonization under the Republic: historiographical contextualisation of a paradigm.” In Roman Republican Colonization: new perspectives from archaeology and ancient history, edited by T. D. Stek and J. Pelgrom, 11–41. Rome: Palombi, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Rainini, I. “Modelli, forme e strutture insediative del mondo sannitico.” In Studi sull’Italia dei Sanniti, edited by R. Cappelli, 238–245. Milan: Electa, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Ranucci, S. “Rinvenimenti monetali dal territorio di Cascia: un manoscritto di fine XVIII–XIX secolo.” Annali. Istituto italiano di numismatica 49 (2002): 201–269.Google Scholar

  • Rosenstein, N. S. Rome and the Mediterranean 290 to 146 BC: the imperial republic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh U. P., 2012.Google Scholar

  • Rutter, N. K. Campanian Coinages 475–380 BC. Edinburgh: Edinburgh U. P., 1979.Google Scholar

  • Rutter, N. K. “La monetazione di Neapolis fino al 380 a.C.” In La monetazione di Neapolis nella Campania antica, 67–89. Naples: Centro Internazionale di Studi Numismatici, 1986.Google Scholar

  • Rutter, N. K. The Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily. London: Spink, 1997.Google Scholar

  • Rutter, N. K. “The coinage of Italy.” In The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage, edited by W. E. Metcalf. Oxford: Oxford U. P., 2012.Google Scholar

  • Salmon, E. T. Samnium and the Samnites. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 1967.Google Scholar

  • Salmon, E. T. Roman Colonization under the Republic. London: Thames and Hudson, 1969.Google Scholar

  • Santoriello, A. “Paesaggi agrari della colonia di Beneventum.” In Miti e popoli del Mediterraneo antico. Scritti in onore di Gabriella d’Henry, edited by C. Lambert, F. Pastore and G. D’Henry, 257–265. Salerno: Arci Postiglione, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Scopacasa, R. Ancient Samnium: settlement, culture, and identity between history and archaeology. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2015.Google Scholar

  • Senatore, F. La lega sannitica. Capri: Oebalus, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Stazio, A. “Moneta e scambi.” In Megale Hellas. Storia e civiltà della Magna Grecia, edited by G. E. A. Pugliese Carratelli, 105–169. Milan: Libri Scheiwiller, 1983.Google Scholar

  • Stek, T. D. Cult Places and Cultural Change in Republican Italy: a contextual approach to religious aspects of rural society after the Roman conquest. Amsterdam: Amsterdam U.P., 2009.Google Scholar

  • Stek, T. D. “The city-state model and Roman Republican colonization: sacred landscapes as a proxy for colonial socio-political organization.” In Roman Republican Colonization: new perspectives from archaeology and ancient history, edited by T. D. Stek and J. Pelgrom, 87–105. Rome: Palombi, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Stek, T. D., E. B. Modrall, R. A. A. Kalkers, R. H. Van Otterloo and J. Sevink. “An early Roman colonial landscape in the Apennine mountains: landscape archaeological research in the territory of Aesernia (Central-Southern Italy).” Analysis Archaeologica 1 (2015): 229–291.Google Scholar

  • Tagliamonte, G. I figli di Marte: mobilità, mercenari e mercenariato italici in Magna Grecia e Sicilia. Rome: Bretschneider, 1994.Google Scholar

  • Tagliamonte, G. I Sanniti. Caudini, Irpini, Pentri, Carricini, Frentani. Milan: Longanesi, 1996.Google Scholar

  • Tagliamonte, G. “I mercenari italici.” In Studi sull’Italia dei Sanniti, edited by R. Cappelli, 202–207. Milan: Electa, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Tagliamonte, G. “I Sanniti: prospettiva archeologica.” In Entre archéologie et histoire. Dialogues sur divers peuples de l’Italie préromaine, edited by M. Aberson, M. C. Biella, M. Di Fazio and M. Wullschleger, 221–241. Bern: Peter Lang, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Taliercio Mensitieri, M. “Le emissioni romano-campane di bronzo.” In La monetazione romano-campana. Atti del X convegno del centro internazionale di studi numismatici, 49–140. Rome: Istituto italiano di numismatica, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Termeer, M. K. “Minting apart together: bronze coinage production in Campania and beyond in the third century BC.” In Processes of Cultural Change and Integration in the Roman World, edited by S. T. Roselaar, 58–77. Leiden: Brill, 2015.Google Scholar

  • Terrenato, N. “Private vis, public virtus. Family agendas during the early Roman expansion.” In Roman Republican Colonization: new perspectives from archaeology and ancient history, edited by T. D. Stek and J. Pelgrom, 45–59. Rome: Palombi, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Thomsen, R. Early Roman Coinage. A study of the chronology, 3. Synthesis 2. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, 1961.Google Scholar

  • Thonemann, P. The Hellenistic World: using coins as sources. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 2015.Google Scholar

  • Torelli, M. “Aspetti ideologici della colonizzazione romana più antica.” Dialoghi di archeologia 6(2) (1988): 65–72.Google Scholar

  • Torelli, M. “Religious aspects of early Roman colonization.” In Tota Italia: essays in the cultural formation of Roman Italy, edited by M. Torelli, 14–42. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.Google Scholar

  • Torelli, M. R. Benevento romana. Rome: Erma di Bretschneider, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Travaglini, A. Inventario dei rinvenimenti monetali del Salento. Rome: G. Bretschneider, 1982.Google Scholar

  • Trigger, B. G. “Determinants of urban growth in pre-industrial societies.” In Man, Settlement and Urbanism: proceedings of a meeting of the Research Seminar in Archaeology and Related Subjects held at the Institute of Archaeology, London University, edited by P. J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, 575–599. London: Duckworth, 1972.Google Scholar

  • Trundle, M. Greek Mercenaries: from the late Archaic period to Alexander. London: Routledge, 2004.Google Scholar

  • Ucko, P. J., R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, editors. Man, Settlement and Urbanism: proceedings of a meeting of the Research Seminar in Archaeology and Related Subjects held at the Institute of Archaeology, London University. London: Duckworth, 1972.Google Scholar

  • Vitale, R. “Catalogo dei rinvenimenti sporadici, in stipe, in ripostigli.” In La monetazione romano-campana. Atti del X convegno del centro internazionale di studi numismatici, 217–351. Rome: Istituto italiano di numismatica, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Vitale, R. “La monetazione di Suessa: alcuni dati ed interpretazioni.” Orizzonti. Rassegna di archeologia 10 (2009): 51–89.Google Scholar

  • Von Reden, S. “Money in the ancient economy: a survey of recent research.” Klio 84(1) (2002): 141–174.Google Scholar

  • Von Reden, S. Money in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge U. P., 2010.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-11-30

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Journal of Ancient History, ISSN (Online) 2324-8114, ISSN (Print) 2324-8106, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jah-2016-0012.

Export Citation

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in