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Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research

The Journal of Polish Neural Network Society, the University of Social Sciences in Lodz & Czestochowa University of Technology

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Online
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2083-2567
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Quality Parameter Assessment on iris Images

Sisanda Makinana
  • CSIR , Modeling and Digital Science, P O Box 395, Pretoria, South Africa
/ Tendani Malumedzha
  • CSIR , Modeling and Digital Science, P O Box 395, Pretoria, South Africa
/ Fulufhelo V. Nelwamondo
  • CSIR , Modeling and Digital Science, P O Box 395, Pretoria, South Africa
Published Online: 2014-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jaiscr-2014-0022

Abstract

Iris biometric for personal identification is based on capturing an eye image and obtaining features that will help in identifying a human being. However, captured images may not be of good quality due to variety of reasons e.g. occlusion, blurred images etc. Thus, it is important to assess image quality before applying feature extraction algorithm in order to avoid insufficient results. Poor quality images may affect the recognition as they have few sufficient feature information. Moreover, existing quality measures focuses on parameters or factors than feature information. In this paper, iris quality assessment research is extended by analysing the effect of entropy, contrast, area ratio, occlusion, blur, dilation and sharpness of an iris image which determines the iris size, amount of information and clearness of the features. A weighting method based on principal component analysis (PCA) is proposed to determine the influence each parameter has on the quality score. To test the proposed technique; Chinese Academy of Science Institute of Automation (CASIA), Internal Collection (IC) and University of Beira Interior (UBIRIS) databases are used. A conclusion is drawn that the combination of blur, dilation and sharpness parameters have the most influence in the quality of the image as they weighed more than other parameters

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-30

Published in Print: 2014-01-01


Citation Information: Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research, ISSN (Online) 2083-2567, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jaiscr-2014-0022.

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© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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