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Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research

The Journal of Polish Neural Network Society, the University of Social Sciences in Lodz & Czestochowa University of Technology

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2083-2567
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A Bio-Inspired Integration Method for Object Semantic Representation

Hui Wei
  • Laboratory of Cognitive Modeling and Algorithms, Department of Computer Science, Fudan University, Handan Road No.220, 200433 Shanghai, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-06-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jaiscr-2016-0011

Abstract

We have two motivations. Firstly, semantic gap is a tough problem puzzling almost all sub-fields of Artificial Intelligence. We think semantic gap is the conflict between the abstractness of high-level symbolic definition and the details, diversities of low-level stimulus. Secondly, in object recognition, a pre-defined prototype of object is crucial and indispensable for bi-directional perception processing. On the one hand this prototype was learned from perceptional experience, and on the other hand it should be able to guide future downward processing. Human can do this very well, so physiological mechanism is simulated here. We utilize a mechanism of classical and non-classical receptive field (nCRF) to design a hierarchical model and form a multi-layer prototype of an object. This also is a realistic definition of concept, and a representation of denoting semantic. We regard this model as the most fundamental infrastructure that can ground semantics. Here a AND-OR tree is constructed to record prototypes of a concept, in which either raw data at low-level or symbol at high-level is feasible, and explicit production rules are also available. For the sake of pixel processing, knowledge should be represented in a data form; for the sake of scene reasoning, knowledge should be represented in a symbolic form. The physiological mechanism happens to be the bridge that can join them together seamlessly. This provides a possibility for finding a solution to semantic gap problem, and prevents discontinuity in low-order structures.

Keywords: bio-inspired method; object representation; prototype

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About the article

Published Online: 2016-06-10

Published in Print: 2016-07-01


Citation Information: Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 137–154, ISSN (Online) 2083-2567, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jaiscr-2016-0011.

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© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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