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Journal of Apicultural Science

The Journal of Research Institute of Horticulture and Apicultural Research Association

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A Europe-Wide Experiment for Assessing the Impact of Genotype-Environment Interactions on the Vitality and Performance of Honey Bee Colonies: Experimental Design and Trait Evaluation

Cecilia Costa1 / Ralph Büchler1 / Stefan Berg1 / Malgorzata Bienkowska1 / Maria Bouga1 / Dragan Bubalo1 / Leonidas Charistos1 / Yves Le Conte1 / Maja Drazic1 / Winfried Dyrba1 / Janja Fillipi1 / Fani Hatjina1 / Evgeniya Ivanova1 / Nikola Kezic1 / Hrisula Kiprijanovska1 / Michalis Kokinis1 / Seppo Korpela1 / Per Kryger1 / Marco Lodesani1 / Marina Meixner1 / Beata Panasiuk1 / Hermann Pechhacker1 / Plamen Petrov1 / Eugenia Oliveri1 / Lauri Ruottinen1 / Aleksandar Uzunov1 / Giacomo Vaccari1 / Jerzy Wilde1

CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy1

LLH, Bee Institute, Erlenstrasse 9, 35274 Kirchhain, Germany2

Bee Division, Bayerische Landesanstalt für Weinbau und Gartenbau, An der Steige 15, 97209 Veitshöchheim, Germany3

Apiculture Division, Research Institute of Horticulture, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland4

Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos St., Athens 11855 Greece5

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetosimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia6

Hellenic Institute of Apiculture (N.AG.RE.F.), N. Moudania, Greece7

INRA, UMR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Laboratoire Biologie et Protection de l'abeille, Site Agroparc, Avignon, France8

Croatian Agricultural Agency, Ilica 101, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia9

Bee Breeding Centre Bantin, Dorfstrasse 50, 19246 Bantin, Germany10

The University of Applied Sciences "Marko Marulic" in Knin, Knin, Croatia11

Department of Developmental Biology, University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria12

Faculty for Agricultural Science and Food, Bul. Aleksandar Makedonski B.B., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia13

Veterinary Centre of Vasilika, Region of Central Macedonia, Greece14

MTT, Agrifood Research Finland, 31600 Jokioinen, Finland15

DJF, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, University of Aarhus, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark16

Austrian Carnica Association, Sulzbach 1, 3293 Lunz am See, Austria17

Agricultural University of Plovdiv, 12, Mendeleev Str, Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria18

Department of Agro-Environmental Systems, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy19

Apiculture Division, Warmia and Mazury University, Sloneczna 48, 10-710 Olsztyn, Poland20

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Journal of Apicultural Science. Volume 56, Issue 1, Pages 147–158, ISSN (Print) 1643-4439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10289-012-0015-9, June 2012

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Published Online:

A Europe-Wide Experiment for Assessing the Impact of Genotype-Environment Interactions on the Vitality and Performance of Honey Bee Colonies: Experimental Design and Trait Evaluation

An international experiment to estimate the importance of genotype-environment interactions on vitality and performance of honey bees and on colony losses was run between July 2009 and March 2012. Altogether 621 bee colonies, involving 16 different genetic origins of European honey bees, were tested in 21 locations spread in 11 countries. The genetic strains belonged to the subspecies A. m. carnica, A. m. ligustica, A. m. macedonica, A. m. mellifera, A. m. siciliana. At each location, the local strain of bees was tested together with at least two "foreign" origins, with a minimum starting number of 10 colonies per origin. The common test protocol for all the colonies took into account colony survival, bee population in spring, summer and autumn, honey production, pollen collection, swarming, gentleness, hygienic behaviour, Varroa destructor infestation, Nosema spp. infection and viruses. Data collection was performed according to uniform methods. No chemical treatments against Varroa or other diseases were applied during the experiment. This article describes the details of the experiment set-up and the work protocol.

Określenie Wpływu Interakcji Genetyczno-Środowiskowych Na Wydajność I Witalność Rodzin Pszczelich W Europie: Projekt Doswiadczenia I Metodyka Pomiaru Cech

Badania wpływu interakcji genetyczno-srodowiskowych na żywotność pszczół miodnych oraz na straty rodzin pszczelich rozpoczęto w lipcu 2009 roku, a zakończono 31 marca 2012. W ramach międzynarodowych badań obserwowano w 21 pasiekach rozmieszczonych w 11 krajach europejskich, łącznie 621 rodzin pszczelich pochodzących z 16 populacji różnych genetycznie. Były to pszczoły należące do podgatunków: A. m. carnica, A. m. ligustica, A. m. macedonica, A. m. mellifera, A. m. siciliana. W każdej z pasiek porównywano co najmniej 10 rodzin pszczół z populacji lokalnej przynajmniej z dwiema grupami (po 10 rodzin w grupie) populacji "obcych". Badano następujące cechy: przeżywalność pszczół, liczbę pszczół w rodzinach wiosną, latem i jesienią, wydajność miodową i pyłkową, rojliwość, łagodność, zachowanie higieniczne, stopień porażenia przez Varroa, zakażenie Nosema spp, obecność wirusów. We wszystkich rodzinach doświadczalnych zastosowano zunifikowane metody gospodarki pasiecznej i pomiaru cech. W okresie doświadczenia w badanych rodzinach pszczelich nie stosowano żadnych środków leczniczych bez względu na stopień porażenia przez pasożyty czy obecność chorób. W artykule opisano materiał, harmonogram i metodę wykonania badań.

Keywords: genotype-environment interactions; honey bees; vitality; performance; bee subspecies; methodology

Keywords: interakcje genetyczno-środowiskowe; pszczoła miodna; żywotność; wydajność; podgatunki pszczół; metodyka

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