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Journal of Apicultural Science

The Journal of Research Institute of Horticulture and Apicultural Research Association

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A Europe-Wide Experiment for Assessing the Impact of Genotype-Environment Interactions on the Vitality and Performance of Honey Bee Colonies: Experimental Design and Trait Evaluation

Cecilia Costa / Ralph Büchler / Stefan Berg
  • Bee Division, Bayerische Landesanstalt für Weinbau und Gartenbau, An der Steige 15, 97209 Veitshöchheim, Germany
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/ Malgorzata Bienkowska / Maria Bouga
  • Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos St., Athens 11855 Greece
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/ Dragan Bubalo / Leonidas Charistos / Yves Le Conte
  • INRA, UMR 406 Abeilles et Environnement, Laboratoire Biologie et Protection de l'abeille, Site Agroparc, Avignon, France
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/ Maja Drazic / Winfried Dyrba
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Bee Breeding Centre Bantin, Dorfstrasse 50, 19246 Bantin, Germany
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/ Janja Fillipi
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • The University of Applied Sciences "Marko Marulic" in Knin, Knin, Croatia
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/ Fani Hatjina / Evgeniya Ivanova
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Department of Developmental Biology, University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria
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/ Nikola Kezic / Hrisula Kiprijanovska
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Faculty for Agricultural Science and Food, Bul. Aleksandar Makedonski B.B., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
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/ Michalis Kokinis
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Veterinary Centre of Vasilika, Region of Central Macedonia, Greece
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/ Seppo Korpela
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • MTT, Agrifood Research Finland, 31600 Jokioinen, Finland
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/ Per Kryger
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • DJF, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, University of Aarhus, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark
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/ Marco Lodesani / Marina Meixner / Beata Panasiuk / Hermann Pechhacker
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Austrian Carnica Association, Sulzbach 1, 3293 Lunz am See, Austria
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/ Plamen Petrov
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Agricultural University of Plovdiv, 12, Mendeleev Str, Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria
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/ Eugenia Oliveri
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Department of Agro-Environmental Systems, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy
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/ Lauri Ruottinen
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • MTT, Agrifood Research Finland, 31600 Jokioinen, Finland
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/ Aleksandar Uzunov
  • CRA-API, Bee and Silkworm Research Unit, Via di Saliceto 80, 40128 Bologna, Italy
  • Faculty for Agricultural Science and Food, Bul. Aleksandar Makedonski B.B., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
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/ Giacomo Vaccari / Jerzy Wilde
  • LLH, Bee Institute, Erlenstrasse 9, 35274 Kirchhain, Germany
  • Apiculture Division, Warmia and Mazury University, Sloneczna 48, 10-710 Olsztyn, Poland
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Published Online: 2012-06-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10289-012-0015-9

A Europe-Wide Experiment for Assessing the Impact of Genotype-Environment Interactions on the Vitality and Performance of Honey Bee Colonies: Experimental Design and Trait Evaluation

An international experiment to estimate the importance of genotype-environment interactions on vitality and performance of honey bees and on colony losses was run between July 2009 and March 2012. Altogether 621 bee colonies, involving 16 different genetic origins of European honey bees, were tested in 21 locations spread in 11 countries. The genetic strains belonged to the subspecies A. m. carnica, A. m. ligustica, A. m. macedonica, A. m. mellifera, A. m. siciliana. At each location, the local strain of bees was tested together with at least two "foreign" origins, with a minimum starting number of 10 colonies per origin. The common test protocol for all the colonies took into account colony survival, bee population in spring, summer and autumn, honey production, pollen collection, swarming, gentleness, hygienic behaviour, Varroa destructor infestation, Nosema spp. infection and viruses. Data collection was performed according to uniform methods. No chemical treatments against Varroa or other diseases were applied during the experiment. This article describes the details of the experiment set-up and the work protocol.

Określenie Wpływu Interakcji Genetyczno-Środowiskowych Na Wydajność I Witalność Rodzin Pszczelich W Europie: Projekt Doswiadczenia I Metodyka Pomiaru Cech

Badania wpływu interakcji genetyczno-srodowiskowych na żywotność pszczół miodnych oraz na straty rodzin pszczelich rozpoczęto w lipcu 2009 roku, a zakończono 31 marca 2012. W ramach międzynarodowych badań obserwowano w 21 pasiekach rozmieszczonych w 11 krajach europejskich, łącznie 621 rodzin pszczelich pochodzących z 16 populacji różnych genetycznie. Były to pszczoły należące do podgatunków: A. m. carnica, A. m. ligustica, A. m. macedonica, A. m. mellifera, A. m. siciliana. W każdej z pasiek porównywano co najmniej 10 rodzin pszczół z populacji lokalnej przynajmniej z dwiema grupami (po 10 rodzin w grupie) populacji "obcych". Badano następujące cechy: przeżywalność pszczół, liczbę pszczół w rodzinach wiosną, latem i jesienią, wydajność miodową i pyłkową, rojliwość, łagodność, zachowanie higieniczne, stopień porażenia przez Varroa, zakażenie Nosema spp, obecność wirusów. We wszystkich rodzinach doświadczalnych zastosowano zunifikowane metody gospodarki pasiecznej i pomiaru cech. W okresie doświadczenia w badanych rodzinach pszczelich nie stosowano żadnych środków leczniczych bez względu na stopień porażenia przez pasożyty czy obecność chorób. W artykule opisano materiał, harmonogram i metodę wykonania badań.

Keywords: genotype-environment interactions; honey bees; vitality; performance; bee subspecies; methodology

Keywords: interakcje genetyczno-środowiskowe; pszczoła miodna; żywotność; wydajność; podgatunki pszczół; metodyka

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About the article


Published Online: 2012-06-19

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Journal of Apicultural Science, Volume 56, Issue 1, Pages 147–158, ISSN (Print) 1643-4439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10289-012-0015-9.

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