Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief: Horowitz, Michal

Editorial Board: Das, Kusal K. / Epstein, Yoram / S. Gershon MD, Elliot / Kodesh , Einat / Kohen, Ron / Lichtstein, David / Maloyan, Alina / Mechoulam, Raphael / Roth, Joachim / Schneider, Suzanne / Shohami, Esther / Sohmer, Haim / Yoshikawa, Toshikazu / Tam, Joseph


CiteScore 2016: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.349
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.495

Online
ISSN
2191-0286
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 28, Issue 5

Issues

Antidiarrheal and antinociceptive activities of ethanol extract and its chloroform and pet ether fraction of Phrynium imbricatum (Roxb.) leaves in mice

Mohammed Munawar Hossain
  • Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Drug Discovery, GUSTO A Research Group, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mohammad Shah Hafez Kabir
  • Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Drug Discovery, GUSTO A Research Group, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Md. Abu Monsur Dinar / Md. Saiful Islam Arman / Md. Mominur Rahman
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Drug Discovery, GUSTO A Research Group, Chittagong, Bangladesh, Phone: +88-031-610085, 610308, 625230 ext. 160, Mobile: +01670738590
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ S.M. Zahid Hosen / Raju Dash / Mir Muhammad Nasir Uddin
  • Drug Discovery, GUSTO A Research Group, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Department of Pharmacy, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-08-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbcpp-2015-0165

Abstract

Background:

The objective of the study was to evaluate the antidiarrheal and antinociceptive activities of ethanol extract and its chloroform and pet ether fraction of Phrynium imbricatum (Roxb.) leaves in mice.

Methods:

In the present study, the dried leaves of P. imbricatum were subjected to extraction with ethanol, and then it was fractioned by chloroform and pet ether solvent. Antidiarrheal effects were tested by using castor oil-induced diarrhea, castor oil-induced enteropooling, and gastrointestinal transit test. Antinociceptive activity was evaluated by using the acetic acid-induced writhing test and formalin-induced paw licking test.

Results:

The standard drug loperamide (5 mg/kg) showed significant (p<0.001) inhibitory activity against castor oil-induced diarrhea, in which all the examined treatments decreased the frequency of defecation and were found to possess an anti-castor oil-induced enteropooling effect in mice by reducing both weight and volume of intestinal content significantly, and reducing the propulsive movement in castor oil-induced gastrointestinal transit using charcoal meal in mice. The results showed that the ethanol extract of P. imbricatum leaves has significant dose-dependent antinociceptive activity, and among its two different fractions, the pet ether fraction significantly inhibited the abdominal writhing induced by acetic acid and the licking times in formalin test at both phases.

Conclusions:

These findings suggest that the plant may be a potential source for the development of a new antinociceptive drug and slightly suitable for diarrhea, as it exhibited lower activity. Our observations resemble previously published data on P. imbricatum leaves.

Keywords: acetic acid; antidiarrheal; antinociceptive; castor oil; intestinal transit; Phrynium imbricatum

References

  • 1.

    Palombo EA. Phytochemicals from traditional medicinal plants used in the treatment of diarrhoea: modes of action and effects on intestinal function. Phytother Res 2006;20:717–24.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Banglapedia. Garden flowers. National encyclopedia of Bangladesh (online edition). 2012. Available at: http://www.banglapedia.org/HT/G_0040.htm Accessed 5 June, 2015. ISBN-978-984-512-021-970...978-984-512-048-997.

  • 3.

    Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bharat Publishers, 2000:122–75.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Victora CG, Huttly SR, Fuchs SC, Barros FC, Garenne M, Leroy O, et al. International differences in clinical patterns of diarrhoeal deaths: a comparison of children from Brazil, Senegal, Bangladesh, and India. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1993;11:25–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Das SK, Afroze F, Ahmed T, Faruque AS, Sarker SA, Huq S, et al. Extreme hypernatremic dehydration due to potential sodium intoxication: consequences and management for an infant with diarrhea at an urban intensive care unit in Bangladesh: a case report. J Med Case Rep 2015;9:124.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 6.

    Rang HP, Dale MM, Ritter JM, Moore PK. Pharmacology, 5th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2003:375–8.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Bustos-Brito C, Sánchez-Castellanos M, Esquivel B, Calderón JS, Calzada F, Yepez-Mulia L, et al. Structure, absolute configuration, and antidiarrheal activity of a thymol derivative from Ageratina cylindrica. J Nat Prod 2014;77:358–63.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    Li J, Wu X-L, Chen Y, Tang Z, Xu Y-H, Jiang J-M, et al. Antidiarrheal properties of different extracts of Chinese herbal medicine formula Bao-Xie-Ning. J Integr Med 2013;11:125–34.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 9.

    Harun-ur-Rashid M, Gafur M, Sadik G, Rahman MA. Biological activities of a new acrylamide derivative from Ipomoea turpithum. Pak J Biol Sci 2002;5:968–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Su S, Hua Y, Wang Y, Gu W, Zhou W, Duan J-A, et al. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of individual and combined extracts from Commiphora myrrha, and Boswellia carterii. J Ethnopharmacol 2012;139:649–56.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Yu C-H, Tang W-Z, Peng C, Sun T, Liu B, Li M, et al. Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities of the ethanol extract from Cynoglossum lanceolatum. J Ethnopharmacol 2012;139:149–54.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    Wang S, Zhao Y, Zhang J, Huang X, Wang Y, Xu X, et al. Antidiarrheal effect of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. (Zingiberaceae) in experimental mice and its possible mechanism of action. J Ethnopharmacol 2015;168:182–90.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Bangladesh Ethnobotany Online Database (BEOD). Phrynium imbricatum Roxb. Available at: http://www.ebbd.info/phrynium-imbricatum.html. Accessed 28 July, 2015.

  • 14.

    Hossain MM, Kabir MS, Hasanat A, Kabir MI, Chowdhury TA, Kibria AS. Investigation of in vitro anti-arthritic and membrane stabilizing activity of ethanol extracts of three Bangladeshi plants. Pharma Innov 2015;4:76–80.Google Scholar

  • 15.

    Kabir MS, Dinar MA, Hossain MM, Noman MA, Zaheed F, Hossain MR, et al. Effects of ethanol extract and its different fractions of Phrynium imbricatum (Roxb) leaves on in vitro anthelmintic and their condensed tannin content. Pharm Anal Chem Open Access 2015;1:1–4.Google Scholar

  • 16.

    Islam MK, Eti IZ, Chowdhury JA. Phytochemical and antimicrobial analysis on the extract of Oroxylum indicum Linn. Stem-Bark. Iranian J Pharmacol Ther 2010;9:25–8.Google Scholar

  • 17.

    Bulbul IJ, Nahar L, Haque M. Antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activity of chloroform, n-hexane and ethyl acetate extract of plant Coccinia cordifolia. Agric Biol J N Am 2011;2: 713–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 18.

    Walum E. Acute oral toxicity. Environ Health Perspect 1998;106:497–503.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    Awouters F, Niemegeers C, Lenaerts F, Janssen P. Delay of castor oil diarrhoea in rats: a new way to evaluate inhibitors of prostaglandin biosynthesis. J Pharm Pharmacol 1978;30:41–5.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 20.

    Robert A, Nezamis J, Lancaster C, Hanchar A, Klepper M. Enteropooling assay: a test for diarrhea produced by prostaglandins. Prostaglandins 1976;11:809–28.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Mascolo N, Izzo AA, Autore G, Barbato F, Capasso F. Nitric oxide and castor oil-induced diarrhea. J Pharm Exp Ther 1994;268:291–5.Google Scholar

  • 22.

    Koster R, Anderson M, De Beer EJ. Acetic acid-induced analgesic screening. Fed Proc 1959;18:412.Google Scholar

  • 23.

    Taur DJ, Waghmare MG, Bandal RS, Patil RY. Antinociceptive activity of Ricinus communis L. leaves. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2011;1:139–41.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 24.

    Okokon JE, Nwafor PA. Antiinflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities of ethanolic root extract of Croton zambesicus. Pak J Pharm Sci 2010;23:385–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 25.

    Perez-Gutierrez S, Zavala-Mendoza D, Hernandez-Munive A, Mendoza-Martinez A, Perez-Gonzalez C, Sanchez-Mendoza E. Antidiarrheal activity of 19-deoxyicetexone isolated from Salvia ballotiflora Benth in mice and rats. Molecules 2013;18:8895–905.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 26.

    Agbor GA, Leopold T, Jeanne NY. The antidiarrhoeal activity of Alchornea cordifolia leaf extract. Phytother Res 2004;18:873–6.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 27.

    Tadesse WT, Hailu AE, Gurmu AE, Mechesso AF. Experimental assessment of antidiarrheal and antisecretory activity of 80% methanolic leaf extract of Zehneria scabra in mice. BMC Complement Altern Med 2014;14:460.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 28.

    Rouf AS, Islam MS, Rahman MT. Evaluation of antidiarrhoeal activity Rumex maritimus root. J Ethnopharmacol 2003;84: 307–10.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 29.

    Collier HO, Dinneen LC, Johnson CA, Schneider C. The abdominal constriction response and its suppression by analgesic drugs in the mouse. Br J Pharmacol Chemother 1968;32:295–310.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 30.

    Vongtau HO, Abbah J, Ngazal IE, Kunle OF, Chindo BA, Otsapa PB, et al. Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the methanolic extract of Parinari polyandra stem bark in rats and mice. J Ethnopharmacol 2004;90:115–21.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 31.

    Ikeda Y, Ueno A, Naraba H, Oh-ishi S. Involvement of vanilloid receptor VR1 and prostanoids in the acid-induced writhing responses of mice. Life Sci 2001;69:2911–9.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 32.

    Choi JH, Jung BH, Kang OH, Choi HJ, Park PS, Cho SH, et al. The anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of ethyl acetate fraction of cynanchi paniculati radix. Biol Pharm Bull 2006;29:971–5.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 33.

    Serhan CN, Haeggstrom JZ. Lipid mediators in acute inflammation and resolution: eicosanoids, PAF, resolvins, and protectins. In: Fundamentals of inflammation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010;26:153–74.Google Scholar

  • 34.

    Deraedt R, Jouquey S, Delevallee F, Flahaut M. Release of prostaglandins E and F in an algogenic reaction and its inhibition. Eur J Pharmacol 1980;61:17–24.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 35.

    Millan MJ. The induction of pain: an integrative review. Prog Neurobiol 1999;57:1–164.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 36.

    Dubuisson D, Dennis SG. The formalin test: a quantitative study of the analgesic effects of morphine, meperidine, and brain stem stimulation in rats and cats. Pain 1977;4:161–74.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 37.

    Heapy CG. Afferent C-fiber and A-delta activity in models of inflammation. Br J Pharmacol 1987;90:164.Google Scholar

  • 38.

    Malmberg AB, Yaksh TL. Antinociceptive actions of spinal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents on the formalin test in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1992;263:136–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 39.

    Verma PR, Joharapurkar AA, Chatpalliwar VA, Asnani AJ. Antinociceptive activity of alcoholic extract of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. in mice. J Ethnopharmacol 2005;102:298–301.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 40.

    Tang L, Chen Y, Chen Z, Blumberg PM, Kozikowski AP, Wang ZJ. Antinociceptive pharmacology of N-(4-chlorobenzyl)-N′-(4-hydroxy-3-iodo-5-methoxybenzyl) thiourea, a high-affinity competitive antagonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2007;321:791–8.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 41.

    Sani MH, Zakaria ZA, Balan T, Teh LK, Salleh MZ. Antinociceptive activity of methanol extract of Muntingia calabura leaves and the mechanisms of action involved. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2012;890361:26.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-12-26

Accepted: 2017-04-01

Published Online: 2017-08-03

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Author contributions: MMH and MSHK collected the plant leaves and prepared the extract and fractions. MMH and MSHK also carried out the study design, performed the experiments, collected and interpreted the data, prepared the manuscript, and performed statistical analysis. MSHK wrote the first draft of the manuscript. MAMD, MSIA, SMZH, RD, and MMNU helped in the experiments, data collection, and literature search. The intermodel relationship idea was uniquely given by MSHK. MMR supervised the study design and data interpretation. All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of the submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


Citation Information: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology, Volume 28, Issue 5, Pages 483–492, ISSN (Online) 2191-0286, ISSN (Print) 0792-6855, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbcpp-2015-0165.

Export Citation

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Pooja Rawat, Pawan Kumar Singh, and Vipin Kumar
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in