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Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief: Horowitz, Michal

Editorial Board: Das, Kusal K. / Epstein, Yoram / S. Gershon MD, Elliot / Kodesh , Einat / Kohen, Ron / Lichtstein, David / Maloyan, Alina / Mechoulam, Raphael / Roth, Joachim / Schneider, Suzanne / Shohami, Esther / Sohmer, Haim / Yoshikawa, Toshikazu / Tam, Joseph


CiteScore 2016: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.349
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.495

Online
ISSN
2191-0286
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Volume 28, Issue 5

Issues

Cutaneous temperature sensitivity alteration in subjects with chronic stroke sequelae – pharmacological perspectives

Artur Cesar Aquino Santos
  • Faculdade de Medicina, Clinical Research Center, Instituto de Medicina Física e de Reabilitação do Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Fábio Marcon Alfieri
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculdade de Medicina, Clinical Research Center, Instituto de Medicina Física e de Reabilitação do Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Adventist University Center of São Paulo (UNASP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Linamara Rizzo Battistella
  • Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Faculdade de Medicina, Clinical Research Center, Instituto de Medicina Física e de Reabilitação do Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-08-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbcpp-2016-0179

Abstract

Background:

Stroke can result in body temperature sensitivity changes. This study analyzed abnormal temperature perception of patients with stroke and the use of vasoactive drugs.

Methods:

A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out consisting of 100 patients (55.6±12.9 years old), from both genres, with either hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, with unilateral hemiplegia or hemiparesis. Subjects had axillary temperature and different temperature sensitivities of the limbs measured using a visual analog scale (VAS). Information on the use of medical drugs was collected in clinical records.

Results:

In total, 64 patients reported body temperature alterations, and 62 patients stated they feel cold in the affected side. They reported 6.12±2.44 cm alteration for the upper limb and 6.72±2.44 cm for the lower limb in the VAS. Some 86 different drugs were identified in the 85 medical records available. There was a prevalence of a group of drugs formed by the β-blockers, dopamine agonists, dopamine reuptake Inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and another group formed by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Conclusions:

Most of the subjects reported a sensation of cold in the affected limbs. The β-blockers, dopamine agonists, dopamine reuptake inhibitors, and TCAs seem to be related to this sensation, however, due to the number of uncontrolled variables that may be related to these drugs and the possible role of nitric oxide, it was not possible to establish precise relations regarding the use of a specific group of drugs and the cold sensation in the affected limbs, as reported by the patients.

Keywords: medical drugs; stroke; temperature sensitivity

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About the article

Corresponding author: Fábio Marcon Alfieri, PhD, Researcher, Faculdade de Medicina, Clinical Research Center, Instituto de Medicina Física e de Reabilitação do Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Phone/Fax: +55 (11) 3905-8616


Received: 2016-11-25

Accepted: 2017-05-29

Published Online: 2017-08-03

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


Citation Information: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology, Volume 28, Issue 5, Pages 437–441, ISSN (Online) 2191-0286, ISSN (Print) 0792-6855, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbcpp-2016-0179.

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