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Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik

Journal of Economics and Statistics

Editor-in-Chief: Winker, Peter

Ed. by Büttner, Thiess / Riphahn, Regina / Smolny, Werner / Wagner, Joachim

6 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.456

CiteScore 2017: 0.47

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.231
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.606

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Volume 235, Issue 4-5


Youth Unemployment After Apprenticeship Training and Individual, Occupation, and Training Employer Characteristics

Prof. Dr. Thomas Zwick / Jens Mohrenweiser Ph.D.
Published Online: 2016-03-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbnst-2015-4-506


This paper analyses the risk of unemployment, unemployment duration, and the risk of longterm unemployment immediately after apprenticeship graduation. Unemployed apprenticeship graduates constitute a large share of unemployed youth in Germany but unemployment incidence within this group is unequally distributed. Our paper extends previous research in three dimensions. It shows that (i) individual productivity assessment of the training firm, (ii) initial selection into high reputation training firms and occupations, and (iii) adverse selection of employer moving graduates are correlated with unemployment after apprenticeship graduation. The empirical evidence is obtained from the second longitudinal version of the linked employer-employee panel data from the IAB (LIAB). This large data set allows us to calculate the exact unemployment spell length of apprenticeship graduates. In addition, we can include individual, employer, occupation as well as industrial relation characteristics before and after apprenticeship graduation into our list of explanatory variables for unemployment risk. We show in several robustness checks that our results are remarkably stable when we vary the employees included in the sample, the definition of unemployment, and the list of explanatory variables.

Keywords: Apprenticeship; youth unemployment; Germany

About the article

Published Online: 2016-03-16

Published in Print: 2015-08-01

Citation Information: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, Volume 235, Issue 4-5, Pages 418–432, ISSN (Online) 2366-049X, ISSN (Print) 0021-4027, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbnst-2015-4-506.

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© 2015 by Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart.

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