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Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik

Journal of Economics and Statistics

Editor-in-Chief: Winker, Peter

Ed. by Büttner, Thiess / Riphahn, Regina / Smolny, Werner / Wagner, Joachim


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.456

CiteScore 2017: 0.47

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Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.606

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2366-049X
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Volume 239, Issue 1

Issues

Voluntary Quits: Do Works Councils Matter? An Analysis of the Reform of the German Works Constitution Act 2001

Julian B. Adam
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Economics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Nuremberg, Germany
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Published Online: 2019-01-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbnst-2017-0164

Abstract

Most of the literature on the effects of German works councils does not deal with the issue of potential endogeneity of works council existence. Exploiting exogenous variation in works council authority stemming from a 2001 reform of the German Works Constitution Act, I apply a regression difference-in-difference using establishment panel data. I find that increasing works council size and the introduction of one full-time councilor causally reduces the number of voluntary quits by about 30 %. This decline is driven entirely by collective voice effects and there is no evidence for monopoly effects in place. Similar to the findings of previous research, the effect is significant only in establishments which are subject to a collective agreement. The results suggest that the effectiveness of works councils either heavily relies on the support of unions, or that works councils mainly serve as a guardian of collective agreements.

Keywords: works councils; codetermination; industrial relations; quits; collective bar-gaining

JEL Classification: J51; J53; J63

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-30

Accepted: 2018-07-16

Revised: 2018-05-04

Published Online: 2019-01-15

Published in Print: 2019-01-28


Citation Information: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, Volume 239, Issue 1, Pages 67–109, ISSN (Online) 2366-049X, ISSN (Print) 0021-4027, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbnst-2017-0164.

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