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Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Lui, Edmund

Ed. by Ko, Robert / Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin / Saunders, Paul / Suntres, PH. D., Zacharias

CiteScore 2017: 1.41

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.472
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.564

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Is yoga an effective treatment in the management of patients with chronic low back pain compared with other care modalities – a systematic review

Christopher Hill
Published Online: 2013-06-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2012-0007


Objective: The aim of the study was to assess randomized-control trials (RCTs) to ascertain whether yoga is an effective treatment in the management of patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) compared with other care modalities.

Methods: A search strategy was formulated with key concepts identified using the PICO process. Four databases were searched in June 2012. Appropriate eligibility criteria were set and implemented.

Results: Four randomized control trials met the inclusion criteria. All four papers found that yoga lead to a significant improvement in back function, and three demonstrated a significant improvement in back pain when compared with certain care modalities. All papers had significant limitations identified, however.

Conclusions: Given the limitations identified within the studies, the conclusions drawn must be considered conservatively. Although early results appear promising, but further well-designed RCTs are warranted, with multiple, specified comparator care modalities before firm conclusions can be gained.

Keywords: yoga; back pain; biopsychosocial; chronic


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About the article

Published Online: 2013-06-12

Citation Information: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 211–219, ISSN (Online) 1553-3840, ISSN (Print) 2194-6329, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2012-0007.

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