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Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Lui, Edmund

Ed. by Ko, Robert / Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin / Saunders, Paul / Suntres, PH. D., Zacharias

CiteScore 2017: 1.41

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.472
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.564

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Beneficial effect of ghee consumption over mustard oil on lipid profile: A study in North Indian adult population

Hanjabam Barun Sharma / Soniya Vyas / Jayant Kumar / Soumen Manna
Published Online: 2018-01-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2017-0101



Ghee (G) is attributed with numerous health benefits in Ayurveda. However, due to the high saturated fat content, it has been predicted to increase the cardiovascular disease risk. Hence, the current study was performed to evaluate the effect of G consumption as compared to mustard oil (MO) on lipid profile.


Two hundred (100 males) apparently healthy adults (≥40 years) were randomly selected out of the total individuals interviewed in a house-to-house survey. They were divided into three groups based on G and MO consumption: (A) MO >1 L/month, G<0.5 kg/month; (B) MO 1–0.5 L/month, G 1.25–0.5 kg/month; and (C) MO <0.5–0.2 L/month, G>1.25 kg/month. Serum lipid parameters were compared among the groups.


Group C had the significantly lowest triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), TC/HDL and LDL/HDL and highest high-density lipoprotein (HDL). A similar finding was found when analysis was done separetely for male and female.


A favorable lipid profile might suggest a possible beneficial effect of predominantly G consumption over MO.

Keywords: anhydrous milk; ghee; ghrita; lipid profile; mustard oil


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About the article

Received: 2017-08-04

Accepted: 2017-12-21

Published Online: 2018-01-24

Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.

Conflicts of Interest of each author/contributor: There are no conflicts of interest.

A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors: All authors have checked and approved the manuscript. The requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met. Author believes that the manuscript represents honest work.

Citation Information: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 3, 20170101, ISSN (Online) 1553-3840, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2017-0101.

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