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Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine

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Ed. by Ko, Robert / Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin / Saunders, Paul / Suntres, PH. D., Zacharias

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The effects of Sahaja Yoga meditation on mental health: a systematic review

Tom Hendriks
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, P.O.B. 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname
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Published Online: 2018-05-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2016-0163

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the efficacy of Sahaja Yoga (SY) meditation on mental health among clinical and healthy populations.

Methods

All publications on SY were eligible. Databases were searched up to November 2017, namely PubMed, MEDLINE (NLM), PsychINFO, and Scopus. An internet search (Google Scholar) was also conducted. The quality of the randomized controlled trails was assessed using the Cochrane Risk Assessment for Bias. The quality of cross-sectional studies, a non-randomized controlled trial and a cohort study was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale.

Results

We included a total of eleven studies; four randomized controlled trials, one non-randomized controlled trial, five cross-sectional studies, and one prospective cohort study. The studies included a total of 910 participants. Significant findings were reported in relation to the following outcomes: anxiety, depression, stress, subjective well-being, and psychological well-being. Two randomized studies were rated as high quality studies, two randomized studies as low quality studies. The quality of the non-randomized trial, the cross-sectional studies and the cohort study was high. Effect sizes could not be calculated in five studies due to unclear or incomplete reporting.

Conclusions

After reviewing the articles and taking the quality of the studies into account, it appears that SY may reduce depression and possibly anxiety. In addition, the practice of SY is also associated with increased subjective wellbeing and psychological well-beng. However, due to the limited number of publications, definite conclusions on the effects of SY cannot be made and more high quality randomized studies are needed to justify any firm conclusions on the beneficial effects of SY on mental health.

Keywords: Kundalini; mental health; mental silence meditation; Sahaja Yoga; wellbeing

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About the article

Received: 2016-12-12

Accepted: 2018-03-15

Published Online: 2018-05-30


Author contributions: The author has accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.

Author Disclosure Statement: The author is a practitioner of Sahaja Yoga, but is not financially affiliated with the organization. This article is part of a PhD program, in which the author is supervised by academics that are not in any way linked to Sahaja Yoga. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.


Citation Information: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 3, 20160163, ISSN (Online) 1553-3840, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2016-0163.

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