Sina I. Al Qanoon Fit Tib. (Urdu Trans: kantoori G H). New Delhi: IdaraeKitabus Shifa, 2010:1094–1095, 1096, 1118.Google Scholar
Habibi N, Huang MS, Gan WY, Zulida R, Safavi SM. Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea and factors associated with its intensity among under graduate students: A cross sectional study. Pain Manag Nurs. 2015;16:855–61.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chen CX, Barrett B. Kwekkeboom KL efficacy of oral ginger (Zingiber officinale) for dysmenorrhoea: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Evid Based Compl Alt Med 2016. 2016;6295737. DOI: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Khorshidi N, Ostad SN, Mosaddegh M, Soodi M. Clinical effects of fennel essential oil on primary dysmenorrhoea. Iran J Pharm Res. 2003;2:89–9315.Google Scholar
Ortiz MI, Rangel-Flores E, Carrillo-Alarcon LC, Veras-Godoy HA. Prevalence and impact of primary dysmenorrhea among Mexican high school students. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107:240–43.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Khare D, Jain P. Effect of different exercise techniques on primary dysmenorrhoea among higher secondary school girls. Int J Sci Res. 2016;5:e1–e4.Google Scholar
Awed H, EL-Saidy T, Amro T. The use of fresh ginger herbs as a home remedy to relieve primary dysmenorrhoea. J Res Nurs Midwifery. 2013;2:104–13.Google Scholar
Ghani N. Khazainul Advia. New Delhi: Idarae Kitabus Shifa;YNM, 2001;264–7, 572–3.Google Scholar
Khan A. Al Akseer. Vol II (Urdu Trans: kabeeruddin M). New Delhi: IdaraeKitabus Shifa, 2003:780–81.Google Scholar
Mirabi P, Alamolhoda SH, Esmaelizadeh S, Mojab F. Effects of medicinal herbs on primary dysmenorrhoea-A systemic review. Iran J Pharm Res. 2014;13:757–67. PMCID: PMC4177637.Google Scholar
Rigi SN, Kermansaravi F, Navidian A, Safabakhsh L, Safarzadeh A, Khazaian S, et al. Comparing the analgesic effect of heat patch containing iron chip and ibuprofen for primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Women's Health. 2012;12:25 .PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ozaki Y, Soedidgo S, Wattimena YR, Suganda AG. Anti-inflammatory effect of mace, aril of Myristica fragrans Houtt., and its active principles. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1989;49:155–63.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Rizvi AM, Irshad M, Hassadi GE, Younis SB. Bioefficacies of Cassia fistula: an Indian labrum. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009;3:287–92.Google Scholar
Anonymous. Standardisation of single drugs of unani medicine. Part II & III. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, 1997:247–253,151–155.Google Scholar
Asma K, Sultana A, Rahman K. A single-blind randomized comparative study of Asafoetida vs Mefenamic acid in dysmenorrhoea, associated symptoms and health-related quality of life. J Herbal Med. 2017;9:21–31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Raad J. Rehab measures: short form 12 item (version 2) health survey. Last modified at 8/28/2014 4:33 PM. Available at: http://www.rehabmeasures.org. Accessed: 15 Feb 2015.
Direkvand-Moghadam A, Khosravi A. Comparison of verbal multidimensional scoring system (VMS) with visual analogue score (VAS) for evaluating of Shirazi Thymus Vulgaris on menstrual pain. Jpbms. 2012;23:e1–e5.Google Scholar
Masoumi SZ, Asl HR, Poorolajal J, Panah MH, Oliaei SR. Evaluation of mint efficacy regarding dysmenorrhea in comparison with mefenamic acid: a double blinded randomized crossover study. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2016;21:363–67.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Jaiswal P, Kumar P, Singh VK, Singh DK. Biological effects of Myristica fragrans. Annu Rev Biomed Sci. 2009;11:21–29.Google Scholar
Alia SM, Shamssain M, Shahwan M. Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhoea on health-related quality of life in the United Arab Emirates. Ejpmr. 2016;3:77–86.Google Scholar
Onur O, Gumus I, Derbent A, Kaygusuz I, Simavli S, Urun E, et al. Impact of home-based exercise on quality of life of women with primary dysmenorrhoea. SAJOG. 2012;18:1–10 .Google Scholar
Heidarifar R, Mehran N, Heidari A, Tehran HA, Koohbor M, Mansourabad MK. Effect of Dill (Anethum graveolens) on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea in compared with mefenamic acid: a randomized, double-blind trial. J Res Med Sci. 2014 Apr;19:326–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Khan A. Haziq, 1st ed. Karachi: Madina Publishing Company, 1983:467–71.Google Scholar
Asgarpanah J, Kazemivash N. Phytochemistry and pharmacologic properties of Myristica fragrans Houtt.: a review. Afr J Biotech. 2012;11:12787–93.Google Scholar
About the article
Published Online: 2018-10-12
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: Ministry of AYUSH, India, has funded this trial under unrestricted educational grant for a postgraduate thesis.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report or in the decision to submit the report for publication.