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Journal of Drug Policy Analysis

A Journal of Substance Abuse Control Policy

Ed. by Kleiman, Mark / Kilmer, Beau

2 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.90

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.665
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.182

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Cooperative Enforcement Agreements and Policy Waivers: New Options for Federal Accommodation to State-Level Cannabis Legalization

Mark A.R. Kleiman
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  • Professor of Public Policy in the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A
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Published Online: 2013-08-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jdpa-2013-0001


Passage of marijuana-legalization initiatives in Colorado and Washington poses a problem for the federal government: marijuana remains illegal under federal law, but the federal government lacks the capacity to fully enforce that law without state and local cooperation. Complete deference to state legalization would put each state’s cannabis policy at the mercy of its neighbors’. A system of legislatively-authorized policy waivers would allow controlled exploration of alternative systems of control. In the absence of such authorization, the executive branch could use existing authority to craft cooperative agreements with the states intended to confine the effects of each state’s new policies within its own borders.

Keywords: cannabis; marijuana legalization; drug abuse; drug policy; drug law enforcement


About the article

Published Online: 2013-08-22

Published in Print: 2013-07-01

Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.

21 U.S.C. Sec. 873 (a); thanks to Eric Sterling of the Criminal Justice Policy Foundation for bringing the significance of this section to my attention.

See calculations in Caulkins and Bond (2012).

Citation Information: Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, ISSN (Online) 1941-2851, ISSN (Print) 2194-6337, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jdpa-2013-0001.

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©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin / Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

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