Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Drug Policy Analysis

A Journal of Substance Abuse Control Policy

Ed. by Kleiman, Mark / Kilmer, Beau

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2017: 2.12

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.140
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.695

Online
ISSN
1941-2851
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Creating Opportunities for Rural Producers: Impact Evaluation of a Pilot Program in Colombia

Sandra V. Rozo
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Finance and Business Economics. USC Marshall School of Business, FBE Department, Hoffman Hall 804, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Veronica Gonzalez / Carlos Morales / Yuri Soares
Published Online: 2015-06-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jdpa-2014-0003

Abstract

This paper presents the impact evaluation of a pilot program that treated 57 small organizations of agricultural producers with high risk of getting involved in illegal drug production in Colombia. The program supported producers mainly by facilitating the commercialization of their new licit alternative sources of income. We combine propensity score matching, regression discontinuity, and Bayesian decision theory, with unique and rich panel data to assess the economic impact of the program. Our results suggest that the program was successful on increasing total sales and improving the product’s quality for the treated producers. The intervention was more successful when combined with other programs that gave producers incentives to abandon illegal drug production definitely.

Keywords: drug production; productivity; Latin America

JEL Classification: O13; O33; O54, and Q18

References

  • Abadie, A., J. Angrist, and G. Imbens. 2010. “On the Failure of Bootstrap for Matching Estimators.” Econometrica 76 (6):1537–57.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Abadie, A., and G. Imbens. 2006. “Large Sample Properties of Matching Estimators for Average Treatment Effects.” Econometrica 74 (1):235–67.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Angrist, J., and A. Kugler 2008. “Rural Windfall or a New Resource Curse? Coca, Income, and Civil Conflict in Colombia”. The Review of Economics and Statistics 90 (2): 191–215.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Angrist, J., and J. Pischke 2009. Mostly Harmless Econometrics: an Empiricist’s Companion. Oxfordshire: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Caliendo, M., and S. Kopeinig. 2005. Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching. Institute for the Study of Labor, Discussion Paper N. 1588.Google Scholar

  • Dehejia, R. 2004. “Program Evaluation as a Decision Problem.” Journal of Econometrics 125 (1):141–73.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dell, M. 2011. Trafficking Networks and the Mexican Drug War. Forthcoming, American Economic Review.Google Scholar

  • Dube, O., and J.F Vargas. 2013. “Commodity Price Shocks and Civil Conflict: Evidence from Colombia”. The Review of Economic Studies 80 (4): 1384–421.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Farrell, G. 1998. “Global Empirical Review of Drug Crop Eradication and United Nations’ Crop Substitution and Alternative Development Strategies.” Journal of Drug Issues 28 (2):395–436.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gaviria, A., and D. Mejia 2011. Politicas Antidriga en Colombia: Exitos, Fracasos y Extravios. Ediciones Uniandes. Colombia.Google Scholar

  • Imbens, G., and K. Kalyanaraman 2012. “Optimal Bandwidth Choice for the Regression Discontinuity Estimator”. Review of Economic Studies 79:933–59.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Imbens, G., and J. Wooldridge. 2007. What’s new in Econometrics: Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Under Uncounfoundedness. National Bureau of Economic Research, Summer 2007.Google Scholar

  • Imberns, G., and J. Wooldridge Recent Developments in the Econometrics of Program Evaluation. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 14251.Google Scholar

  • Lechner, M. 1999. “Earnings and Employment Effects of Continuous Off-the-Job Training in East Germany after Unification”. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics 17 (1): 74–90.Google Scholar

  • Lee, D., and T. Lemieux. 2009. Regression Discontinuity Design in Economics. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper N. 14723.Google Scholar

  • Ludwig, J., and D. Miller. 2005. Does Head Start Improve Children’s Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper N. 11702.Google Scholar

  • Mansfiled, D. 2011. Assessing Supply-Side Policy and Practice: Eradication and Alternative Development. Global Commission on Drug Policies. Working Paper.Google Scholar

  • McCrary, J. 2008. “Manipulation of the Running Variable in the Regression Discontinuity Design: A Density Test.” Journal of Econometrics 142 (2):698–714.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rabassa, A., and P. Chalk 2001. Colombian Labyrinth. Arlington, Virginia: RAND.Google Scholar

  • Rosenbaum, P., and D. Rubin. 1983. “The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.” Biometrika 70:41–50.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rosembaum, P., and D.B Rubin. 1985. “Constructing a Control Group using Multivariate Matched Sampling Methods that Incorporate the Propensity Score”. The American Statistician 39 (1): 33–8.Google Scholar

  • Rubin, D.B. 1974. “Estimating Causal Effects of Treatments in Randomized and Non-randomized Studies”. J. Ed. Psychol. 66:688–701.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sianesi, B. 2004. “An Evaluation of the Swedish System of Active Labor Market Programs in the 1990s”. Review of Economics and Statistics 86 (1): 133–55.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stuart, E. 2010. “Matching Methods for Casual Inference: A Review and a Look Forward”. Statistical Science 25 (1):1–21.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • UNODC. 2010. Informe de Gestión Diciembre de 2010. Proyecto de Fortalecimiento Comercial y Agroindustrial de Productores de Desarrollo Alternativo. Bogotá.Google Scholar

  • UNODC. 2011. World Drug Report 2011. Unted Nations. New York.Google Scholar

  • Vargas, M., and R. Renato. 2005. Crop Substitution and Diversification Strategies: Empirical Evidence from Selected Brazilian Municipalities. Economics of Tobacco Control, Paper N. 28.Google Scholar

  • Zirnite, P. 1998. “Militarization of the US Drug Control Program”. Foreign Policy in Focus 3 (27): 1–3.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-06-20

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Funding: This paper was part of an evaluation that the Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) of the Inter-American Development Bank carried out for the projects supported by the Multilateral Investment Fund II (MIF II).


Citation Information: Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1–35, ISSN (Online) 1941-2851, ISSN (Print) 2194-6337, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jdpa-2014-0003.

Export Citation

©2015 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in