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Journal des Économistes et des Études Humaines

Editor-in-Chief: Garello, Pierre

Ed. by Gentier, Antoine

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Volume 17 (2011)

Volume 16 (2010)

Volume 15 (2009)

Redistribution in Theory and Practice: A Critique of Rawls and Piketty

Hannes H. Gissurarson
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  • Politics, University of Iceland School of Social Sciences, Oddi, Room 329, Reykjavik 107, Iceland
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Published Online: 2019-11-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jeeh-2019-0004


Rawls’ theory is about prudence rather than justice. It is about the kind of political structure on which rational people would agree if they were preparing for the worst. Other strategies, such as confining redistribution to upholding a safety net, might also be plausible. Rawls’ theory is Georgism in persons: the income from individual abilities is regarded as if it is at the disposal of the collective and could be taxed as rent. This goes against the strong moral intuition of self-ownership. However, Rawls’ question, where the worst off are as well off as they can be, is interesting. According to the Index of Economic Freedom, it actually may be under relatively unfettered capitalism. Unlike Rawls, Piketty is chiefly worried about the rich, seeking to impose confiscatory taxes on them. But the rich are not a fixed, unchangeable group of people who can effortlessly watch their capital accumulate. Capital is precarious, as is vividly illustrated in Balzac’s novel Père Goriot which Piketty quotes. Different as the approaches of Rawls and Piketty are, both of them agree that their ideal society has to be closed: It must become ‘socialism in one country.’

Keywords: Rawls; Piketty; justice; inequality; redistribution


This paper is based on a book-length report (Gissurarson 2018).


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About the article

Published Online: 2019-11-29

Citation Information: Journal des Économistes et des Études Humaines, 20190004, ISSN (Online) 2153-1552, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jeeh-2019-0004.

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