Journal of Early Modern Christianity
Editor-in-Chief: Rasmussen, Tarald
Ed. by François, Wim / Roldan-Figueroa, Rady / Selderhuis, Herman J.
L’influence de la Confessionnalisation dans les premiers moments de la révolte des Pays-Bas
Les luttes entre factions
The process of Confessionalization followed by Philip II was limited to the control of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction in his kingdoms and the justification of its politics for religious reasons. This attitude forced the papacy to follow the political and religious interests of the Spanish monarchy during the second half of the XVIth century, albeit against its will. This politic was supported at the Spanish Court by the “castellanist” faction, headed by the IIId duke of Alba, which imposed its ideas over the contrary “ebolist” one around 1565. Due to this, Philip II decided that the “Gran Duque” was the adequate person to appease the complicated situation of the Habsburg Netherlands, imposing at those lands the ideas related with the Confessionalization that he supported and that Granvelle had started to apply. To achieve the objective, Alba used different tools, like the shape of the new bishoprics created by the Super Universas bull of 1559, the Conseils des Troubles, the imposition of the alcabala, the application of the tridentine decrees, the concesion of rewards or the Perdón General. Nonetheless, as we know, this politic was a fiasco, because Alba was not able to obtain enough supports neither at the Brussels Court nor at the Madrid one.