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Journal of Globalization and Development

Ed. by Stiglitz, Joseph / Emran, M. Shahe / Guzman, Martin / Jayadev, Arjun / Ocampo, José Antonio / Rodrik, Dani

CiteScore 2018: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.129
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.844

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International Trade or Technology? Who is Left Behind and What to do about it

Ann Harrison
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  • University of California, Berkeley, Haas School of Business, s545 student services building, Berkeley, USA
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Published Online: 2019-07-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jgd-2018-0027


We examine globalization’s effects on those left behind in both industrial and emerging markets. While access to global markets has lifted billions out of poverty in emerging markets, the benefits have not been equally shared. Increased competition through globalization as well as skill-biased technical change have hurt less educated workers in rich and poor countries. While much of the rising inequality is often attributed to globalization alone, a brief review of the literature suggests that labor-saving technology has likely played an even more important role. The backlash has focused on the negative consequences of globalization in developed countries, and now threatens the global trading system and access to that system for emerging markets. We conclude by proposing some solutions to compensate losers from the twin forces of technical change and globalization.

Keywords: globalization; inequality; leaving no one behind

JEL Classification: D63; F02; F16


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Published Online: 2019-07-04

Citation Information: Journal of Globalization and Development, Volume 9, Issue 2, 20180027, ISSN (Online) 1948-1837, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jgd-2018-0027.

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