Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak, D.Sc.
Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 0.466
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Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.493
The Cycle of Preparedness: Establishing a Framework to Prepare for Terrorist Threats
1Virginia Commonwealth University
Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1547-7355.1081, March 2005
- Published Online:
First responders, emergency managers, first preventers and everyone responsible for Homeland Security are all challenged to prepare for the terrorist threats that have become more prominent since September 11, 2001. Preparedness was begun before that date and has continued since, but a consensus strategic process of disaggregating preparedness into phases or elements to organize the preparedness process has not been articulated. Prevention, the first priority of Homeland Security, according the National Strategy for Homeland Security, has drifted into the background. The Cycle of Preparedness, as described here, provides a framework to better accomplish an auto-adaptive capacity in organizations tasked with preventing, responding to, and recovering from attacks. This framework begins with Prevention, accomplished through Collaboration and Information Sharing as primary elements and Threat Recognition, Risk Management, and Intervention as additional elements; followed by Awareness that an event is occurring; and Response next, best characterized as emergency response activities; and finally Consequence Management and Recovery to revitalize the jurisdictions. This framework will be operationalized in different ways in different jurisdictions but the framework is durable in pursuing the illusive goal of preparedness.
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