Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak, D.Sc.
Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.
IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 0.466
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.760
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.272
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.640
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.493
Emergency Management Planning as Collaborative Community Work
1General Dynamics C4 Systems - VIZ
2The Pennsylvania State University
3The Pennsylvania State University
4The Pennsylvania State University
Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 5, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1547-7355.1396, March 2008
- Published Online:
Emergencies often have causes and effects that are global. However, emergencies are also inherently local: They occur in a particular place and point in time. While it is critical for governments and society to better organize emergency management top-down, it is also important to become more aware of local community-level values, planning, involvement, knowledge, and skill. Local communities plan collaboratively for potential emergencies of varying scales.Our discipline of Human-Computer Interaction studies the interaction between people and computers. Researchers in this field consider how information technology affects emergency management. They aim to improve emergency management through the design of useful and novel interfaces to technology. The purpose of our work was to take a broader perspective on emergency management and investigate the models and patterns of emergency-related work practices. In particular, we examined emergency management from a local community perspective. This focus on local communities partly stems from our prior research on community groups and their use of information technology. It is also motivated by the realization that emergencies are local events, which happen in communities.This paper reports on a study of one community's emergency planning activities. Five aspects of community preparedness are discussed: collaborative efforts, local area details, local culture, geographic information, and emergency plans, and a case study provides concrete examples of each. Local community preparedness is complex and gives rise to many collaboration issues. Revealing this complexity, the paper offers some implications for community emergency management technology.
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