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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak, D.Sc.

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.

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1547-7355
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Mobilizing for International Disaster Relief: Comparing U.S. and EU Approaches to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake

Erik Brattberg
  • Swedish Institute of International Affairs
/ Bengt Sundelius
  • Uppsala University and the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Published Online: 2011-05-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1547-7355.1869

In the face of an increased incidence of complex natural disasters around the world, the international donor community plays a critical role in mobilizing support to fragile and weak states, lacking adequate emergency response capacities, infrastructure, and health service. The United States and the European Union are two of the most important players in these efforts, both in terms of supporting the UN system and by providing resources and personnel at disaster sites. But to date, few studies have assessed what challenges and opportunities the U.S. and the EU face when mobilizing for international disaster relief. This article sets out to fill this gap by studying the response to the January 2010 Haiti earthquake. In so doing, this article draws on three categories of capacities: “public leadership,” “inter-agency coordination,” and “civil-military cooperation,” to identify common challenges and opportunities in response capacities and in order to generate recommendations for strengthening transatlantic disaster responses in the future.

Keywords: Haiti earthquake; disaster relief; emergency management; civil-military cooperation

About the article

Published Online: 2011-05-21



Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1547-7355.1869. Export Citation

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