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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.757

CiteScore 2018: 1.19

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.442
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.613

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The Influence of Politics on Federal Disaster Declaration Decision Delays

James R. Langabeer II / Jami DelliFraine / Diaa Alqusairi
Published Online: 2012-06-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1547-7355.1960

During major disasters, requests for federal assistance are of vital significance since speed of response can preserve lives and minimize total damage. Disaster declarations have extensive political consequences, and yet no previous study has explored the impact of partisan politics on the speed or timing of the decision. In this study, we use public choice decision theory to examine decision delays, since delays are often used for bureaucratic positioning and coping with uncertainty in the political process. We propose that the interaction effect of the political party affiliations of the president-governor dyad could partially explain the approval time delay differentials. We analyze 917 disaster declarations that occurred between 1993 and 2009. Using hierarchical moderated regression, we found evidence that the partisan nature of the dyad does influence overall decision delays and more specifically that a Democratic president-Republican governor combination resulted in the shortest mean delays across all declarations.

Keywords: disaster relief; public choice; decision theory; political decision making

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Published Online: 2012-06-15

Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Volume 9, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1547-7355.1960.

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©2012 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

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