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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel

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Businesses and International Security Events: Case Study of the 2012 G8 Summit in Frederick County, Maryland

Mark R. Landahl
  • Corresponding author
  • Oklahoma State University, Fire and Emergency Management Administration Program, 201 Murray Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
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Published Online: 2013-10-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jhsem-2013-0041


This article examines impacts of an international event on the business community in Frederick County, MD. The 2012 G8 summit drew 14 world leaders to central Maryland for meetings that took place on May 18–19, 2012. The study shows the full spectrum of the event as it unfolded from the point of view of the business owner. In-depth interviews with business owners revealed six themes related to: (1) Information Sources and Use, (2) Business Insurance, (3) Adaptive Response Measures, (4) Business Impacts, (5) Small vs. Large Businesses, and (6) Demonstrators – Thurmont, MD. The article confirms many previous research findings about businesses in disasters. It includes findings in each of the six themes. These include the importance of social networks as information sources and influences on adaptive response actions, the limits of business insurance as an influence on the implementation of adaptive response actions, general preparedness and business size, and the positive personal impact of a peaceful protest on business owners in Thurmont, MD. The study recommends continued emergency management outreach for the development of general business preparedness, particularly among small businesses. In addition, it recommends governments develop specific coordinated information strategy for businesses in large-scale events.

Keywords: emergency management; businesses; Group of Eight; security; protest; preparedness


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About the article

Mark R. Landahl

Sgt. Mark Landahl, CEM® is a 12-year veteran of the Frederick County (MD) Sheriff’s Office and current PhD student in the Oklahoma State University Fire and Emergency Management Administration Program. In addition to a career as a practitioner in homeland security and emergency management, Sgt. Landahl has also published several academic papers and presents at national homeland security and emergency management conferences. Sgt. Landahl is a 2006 graduate of the Department of Homeland Security sponsored Master’s Degree program at the Naval Postgraduate School and holds designation as a Certified Emergency Manager by the International Association of Emergency Managers. In addition, he serves on the undergraduate faculty at University of Maryland University College, serves on several program advisory boards, and consults on issues related to Emergency Management and Homeland Security education.

Corresponding author: Mark R. Landahl, Oklahoma State University, Fire and Emergency Management Administration Program, 201 Murray Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA, Phone: +3016004018, e-mail:

Published Online: 2013-10-14

Published in Print: 2013-10-01

Content in this paper is reflective of the author′s perspective and does not necessarily reflect that of a funder or reviewer.

Activation by the Governor provides statewide jurisdiction to law enforcement agencies with limited daily jurisdiction.

Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 609–629, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, ISSN (Print) 2194-6361, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jhsem-2013-0041.

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