Alesch, D. J., J. N. Holly, E. Minter and R. Nagy (2001) Organizations at Risk: What Happens When Small Business and Not-for-Profits Encounter Natural Disasters. Fairfax, VA: PERI.Google Scholar
Corey, C. M. and E. A. Deitch (2011) “Factors Affecting Business Recovery Immediately After Hurricane Katrina,” Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 19(3):169–181.Google Scholar
Dahlhamer, J. M. and M. J. D’Souza (1997) “Determinants of Business Disaster Preparedness in Two U.S. Metropolitan Areas,” International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 15(2):265–281.Google Scholar
Deitch, E. A. and C. M. Corey (2011) “Predicting Long-term Business Recovery Four Years After Hurricane Katrina,” Management Research Review, 34(3):311–324.Google Scholar
Denzin, N. (1978) The Research Act. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine.Google Scholar
Digler, R. J. (2012) Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
Drabek, T. E. (1991) “Anticipating Organizational Evacuations: Disaster Planning by Managers of Tourist-oriented Private Firms,” International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 9(2):219–245.Google Scholar
Drabek, T. E. (1994) Disaster Evacuation and the Tourist Industry. Institute of Behavioral Science, Boulder, CO: University of Colorado.Google Scholar
Drabek, T. E. (1999) “Understanding Disaster Warning Responses,” The Social Science Journal, 36(3):515–523.Google Scholar
Faupel, C. E., S. P. Kelley and T. Petee (1992) “The Impact of Disaster Education on Household Preparedness for Hurricane Hugo,” International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 10(5):5–24.Google Scholar
Glaser, B. G. and A. L. Strauss (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory. Chicago, IL: Aldine Publishing.Google Scholar
Janis, I. L. and L. Mann (1977) Decision Making: A Psychological Analysis of Conflict, Choice, and Commitment. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
Killian, L. M. (2002) “An Introduction to Methodological Problems of Field Studies in Disasters.” In: (R. A. Stallings, ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, pp. 49–93.Google Scholar
Lindell, M. K. and R. W. Perry (2004) Communicating Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Lofland, J., S. David, L. Anderson and L. H. Lofland (2006) Analyzing Social Settings. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development. n.d. Brief Economic Facts: Frederick County, Maryland. Available at: http://www.choosemaryland.org/factsstats/Documents/briefeconomicfacts/FrederickBef12.pdf (accessed June 15, 2012).
Mileti, D. S. and J. H. Sorensen (1990) Communication of Emergency Public Warnings. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory.Google Scholar
Mileti, D. S. and L. Peek (2000) “The Social Psychology or Public Response to Warnings of a Nuclear Power Plant Accident,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 75:181–194.Google Scholar
Obama, B. (2012) Press Conference by the President. Available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/03/06/press-conference-president (accessed June 15, 2012).
Quarantelli, E. L. (1990) The Warning Process and Evacuation Behavior: The Research Evidence. Preliminary Paper 148. Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware: Newark, DE.Google Scholar
Quarantelli, E. L., C. Lawrence, K. Tierney and T. Johnson (1979) Initial Findings From a Study of Socio-Behavioral Preparations and Planning for Acute Chemical Hazard Disasters. Disaster Research Center: The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
Sorensen, J. H. (2000) “Hazard Warning Systems: Review of 20 Years of Progress,” Natural Hazards Review, 1(2):119–125.Google Scholar
Tierney, K. J. (1997) “Business Impacts of the Northridge Earthquake,” Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 5(2):87–97.Google Scholar
Tierney, K. J. (2007) “Businesses and Disasters: Vulnerability, Impacts, and Recovery.” In: (H. Rodríguez, E. L. Quarantelli and R. R. Dynes, eds.) Disaster Research Handbook. New York: Springer, pp. 275–296.Google Scholar
Turner, R. and L. Killian (1987) Collective Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
U.S. Census Bureau. n.d. 2010 Nonemployer Statistics: Frederick County, MD. Available at: http://censtats.census.gov/cgi-bin/nonemployer/nonsect.pl (accessed June 15, 2012).
U.S. Secret Service. 2012. National Security Special Events. Available at: http://www.secretservice.gov/nsse.shtml (accessed June 15, 2012).
Webb, G. R., K. J. Tierney and J. M. Dahlhamer (2000) “Businesses and Disasters: Empirical Patterns and Unanswered Questions,” Natural Hazards Review, 1(3):83–90.Google Scholar
About the article
Mark R. Landahl
Sgt. Mark Landahl, CEM® is a 12-year veteran of the Frederick County (MD) Sheriff’s Office and current PhD student in the Oklahoma State University Fire and Emergency Management Administration Program. In addition to a career as a practitioner in homeland security and emergency management, Sgt. Landahl has also published several academic papers and presents at national homeland security and emergency management conferences. Sgt. Landahl is a 2006 graduate of the Department of Homeland Security sponsored Master’s Degree program at the Naval Postgraduate School and holds designation as a Certified Emergency Manager by the International Association of Emergency Managers. In addition, he serves on the undergraduate faculty at University of Maryland University College, serves on several program advisory boards, and consults on issues related to Emergency Management and Homeland Security education.
Published Online: 2013-10-14
Published in Print: 2013-10-01
Content in this paper is reflective of the author′s perspective and does not necessarily reflect that of a funder or reviewer.
Activation by the Governor provides statewide jurisdiction to law enforcement agencies with limited daily jurisdiction.