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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel

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1547-7355
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Disaster Preparedness Resource Allocation and Technical Support for Native American Tribes in California

Rachel I. Lawrence
  • Corresponding author
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, 24951 North Circle Drive Nichol Hall 2005, Loma Linda, CA 92350, United States of America
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/ Atif Adam
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America
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/ Semran K. Mann
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America
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/ Walleska Bliss
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America
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/ Jesse C. Bliss
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America
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/ Manjit Randhawa
  • Loma Linda University School of Public Health – Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America
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Published Online: 2016-10-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jhsem-2015-0067

Abstract

Purpose:

The evaluation aims to assess emergency preparedness (EP) among Native American tribes in California to inform future development of priorities and strategies for improvement. The analysis explores funding barriers and gaps in resource availability.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey was designed to explore four aspects of EP: 1) perceptions of preparedness; 2) funding mechanisms; 3) resource availability; and 4) plans for future preparedness efforts. The survey was conducted online, by telephone, fax, or mail. Analysis includes National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) compliance, and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) approval of disaster mitigation plans.

Results and Discussion:

Findings represent 40% of the federally-recognized California tribes. Participants included: tribal chairpersons and administrators, emergency services managers, fire chiefs, police chiefs, and environmental directors. Results indicated low awareness of funding regulations and instructional opportunities yet high interest; high dependency on external EP response resources; and needed improvements in community involvement.

Conclusion:

Partnerships with local emergency preparedness and academic organizations and improved communication are recommended to bridge gaps in resources and awareness. This evaluation provides one of the first systematic assessments of EP achievements and gaps among Native American tribes in California. Future studies are needed to explore these preliminary findings.

Keywords: American Indian; disasters; emergency preparedness; Native American; survey; Tribal

References

About the article

Published Online: 2016-10-12

Published in Print: 2016-09-01


Funding: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Grant/Award Number: “Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center, 1P01TP000303-01”.


Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 351–365, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, ISSN (Print) 2194-6361, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jhsem-2015-0067.

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