Aucoin, Peter (2002) “Beyond the ‘New’ in Public Management Reform in Canada: Catching the Next Wave?” In: (Dunn, Christopher J.C. ed.) The Handbook of Canadian Public Administration. Ontario: Oxford University Press, pp. 36–52.Google Scholar
Bentham, Jeremy (1825) The Rationale of Reward. London: John and H.L. Hunt.Google Scholar
Brenot, Jean, Sylviane Bonnefous and Claire Marris (1998) “Testing the Cultural Theory of Risk in France.” Risk Analysis, 18(6):729–739.Google Scholar
Brooks, Mary R. (2004) “The Governance Structure of Ports.” Review of Network Economics, 3(2):169–184.Google Scholar
Brooks, Mary R. (2006) “Port Devolution and Governance in Canada.” Research in Transportation Economics, 17:237–257.Google Scholar
Brooks, Mary R. (2009) North American Freight Transportation. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
Burns, Maria G. (2013) “Estimating the Impact of Maritime Security: Financial Tradeoffs between Security and Efficiency.” Journal of Transportation Security, 6(4):329–338.Google Scholar
Canadian Security Guide Book (2007) “An Update of Security Problems in Search of Solutions.” Senate. Standing Committee on National Security and Defense. Accessed January 28, 2016. http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/398377/publication.html.
Colás, Alejandro and Bryan Mabee (2010) Mercenaries, Pirates, Bandits and Empires: Private Violence in Historical Context. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Dake, Karl (1991) “Orienting Dispositions in the Perception of Risk: An Analysis of Contemporary Worldviews and Cultural Biases.” Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 22(1):61–82.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary (1982a) Essays in the Sociology of Perception. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary (1982b) In the Active Voice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary (1986) How Institutions Think. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary (1992) Risk and Blame: Essays in Cultural Theory. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary (2001) “Dealing with Uncertainty.” Ethical Perspectives, 8(3):145–155.Google Scholar
Douglas, Mary and Aaron B. Wildavsky (1982) Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technical and Environmental Dangers. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Dowty, Rachel A., Peter May, William Wallace and Colin Beech (2011) “Organizational Culture and the Katrina Response in Louisiana.” In: (Dowty, Rachel A. and Barbara L. Allen, eds.) Dynamics of Disaster: Lessons on Risk, Response and Recovery. London: Earthscan, pp. 29–46.Google Scholar
Ellis, Richard J., and Fred Thompson (1997) “Culture and the Environment in the Pacific Northwest.” The American Political Science Review, 91(4):885–897.Google Scholar
Fountain, Jane E. (2001) “Paradoxes of Public Sector Customer Service.” Governance, 14(1): 55–73.Google Scholar
Government of Canada (1994) “Marine Transportation Security Act.” Accessed August 18. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/M-0.8/.
Government of Canada (1998) “Canada Marine Act.” Accessed August 20. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-6.7/.
Haveman, Jon D., Howard J. Shatz and Ernesto A. Vilchis (2005) “US Port Security Policy After 9/11: Overview and Evaluation.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 2(4). Accessed November 9, 2015. doi:10.2202/1547-7355.1165.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Helmick, Jon S. (2008) “Port and Maritime Security: A Research Perspective.” Journal of Transportation Security, 1(1):15–28.Google Scholar
Hood, Christopher (1998) The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hossain, Kamrul, Hugh M. Kindred and Mary R. Brooks (2009) “The Challenge of Maritime Security Against Terrorism: A Dialogue Between the European Union and Canada.” In: (Chircop, Aldo, Erik Franck, Erik J. Molenaar, and David L. VanderZwaag, eds.) Understanding and Strengthening European Union-Canada Relations in Law of the Sea and Ocean Governance. Rovaniemi: University of Lapland Printing Centre, pp. 351–386.Google Scholar
Ircha, M. C. (2001) “Port Strategic Planning: Canadian Port Reform.” Maritime Policy and Management, 28(2):125–140.Google Scholar
Jenkins-Smith, Hank C. and Kerry G. Herron (2009) “Rock and a Hard Place: Public Willingness to Trade Civil Rights and Liberties for Greater Security.” Politics & Policy, 37(5):1095–1129.Google Scholar
Malkin, Jesse and Aaron Wildavsky (1991) “Why the Traditional Distinction between Public and Private Goods Should be Abandoned.” Journal of Theoretical Politics, 3(4):355–378.Google Scholar
Nicol, Peter (2007) “Vision and the Hidden Infrastructure.” The CIP Exchange. Halifax: School of Public Administration. Accessed November 9, 2015. http://cip.management.dal.ca/?page_id=9.
Oltedal, Sigve and Torbjørn Rundmo (2007) “Using Cluster Analysis to Test the Cultural Theory of Risk Perception.” Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 10(3):254–262.Google Scholar
Ouchi, William G. (1979) “A Conceptual Framework for the Design of Organizational Control Mechanisms.” Management Science, 25(9):833–848.Google Scholar
Paine, Lincoln (2013) The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
Pollitt, Christopher and Geert Bouckaert (1999) Public Management Reform: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Psarros, George, Rolf Skjong and Magnus S. Eide (2009) “The Acceptability of Maritime Security Risk.” Journal of Transportation Security, 2(4):149–163.Google Scholar
Public Safety Canada (2009) “National Strategy for Critical Infrastructure.” Last modified March 20, 2014. http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/srtg-crtcl-nfrstrctr/index-eng.aspx.
Quigley, Kevin and Bryan Mills (2014) “An Analysis of Transportation Security Risk Regulation Regimes: Canadian Airports, Seaports, Rail, Trucking and Bridges.” CIP Initiative. Accessed November 9, 2015. http://cip.management.dal.ca/?page_id=280.
Renn, Ortwin (2008) Risk Governance: Coping with Uncertainty in a Complex World. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
Renn, Ortwin, William J. Burns, Jeanne X. Kasperson, Roger E. Kasperson and Paul Slovic (1992) “The Social Amplification of Risk: Theoretical Foundations and Empirical Applications.” Journal of Social Issues, 48(4):137–160.Google Scholar
Sagan, Scott D. (1993) The Limits of Safety. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Sjöberg, Lennart (1998) “Risk Perception: Experts and the Public.” European Psychologist, 3(1):1–12.Google Scholar
Sloan, Elinor (2012) “Homeland Security and Defence in the Post 9/11 Era.” In: (David S. McDonough, ed.) Canada’s National Security in the Post-9/11 World: Strategy, Interests, and Threats. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 98–113.Google Scholar
Thompson, Michael, Richard Ellis and Aaron Wildavsky (1990) Cultural Theory. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Transport Canada (2013) “Canadian Port Authorities.” Accessed August 5. http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/policy/acf-acfi-menu-2963.htm.
Transport Canada (2014) “Program Alignment Architecture.” Accessed August 20, http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/corporate-services/page-1025.html.
van Heffen, Oscar and Pieter-Jan Klok (2003) “Cultural Theory Revised: Only Five Cultures or More?” Contemporary Political Theory, 2(3):289–306.Google Scholar
Wengelin, Mattias (2006) “The Swedish Port Security Network-An Illusion or a Fact?” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 3(1). Accessed November 9, 2015. doi: 10.2202/1547-7355.1214.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zinn, J. O. (2004) Sociology and Risk. Accessed November 9, 2015. https://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCEQFjAAahUKEwjF24GV9YPJAhWEth4KHc5VDYk&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.kent.ac.uk%2Fscarr%2Fpapers%2FSociology%2520Literature%2520Review%2520WP1.04%2520Zinn.pdf&usg=AFQjCNGvXKovnQTC9eSf3Mu592kp06xV7g&sig2=ZRNseS0bDj1taoiUonqf_A.
About the article
Published Online: 2016-02-17
Published in Print: 2016-04-01