Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity

Editor-in-Chief: Short, Sandra E.


CiteScore 2018: 0.92

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.297
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.549

Online
ISSN
1932-0191
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Benefits of Motor and Exercise Imagery for Older Adults

Michael Kalicinski / Babett H. Lobinger
Published Online: 2013-06-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jirspa-2012-0003

Abstract: The benefits of imagery use have been shown for athletes and neurological patients, but little is known about the benefits of motor and exercise imagery for older adults. Current research on movement-related imagery is reviewed in this narrative article, with a focus on methods for estimating the ability to use motor and exercise imagery and the extent of their use. Recent investigations of motor imagery and exercise imagery in healthy older adults are reviewed. Recommendations for integrating the two approaches in future research are made and the potential of imagery use to encourage physical activity in older adults is discussed.

Keywords: mental practice; mobility; elderly

References

  • Acree, L. S., Longfors, J., Fjeldstad, A. S., Fjeldstad, C., Schank, B., Nickel, K. J., … Gardner, A. W. (2006). Physical activity is related to quality of life in older adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 4, 37.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Allain, P., Nicoleau, S., Pinon, K., Etcharry-Bouyx, F., Barré, J., Berrut, G., … Gall, D. L. (2005). Executive functioning in normal aging: A study of action planning using the Zoo Map Test. Brain and Cognition, 57, 4–7.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Allami, N., Paulignan, Y., Brovelli, A., & Boussaoud, D. (2008). Visuo-motor learning with combination of different rates of motor imagery and physical practice. Experimental Brain Research, 184, 105–113.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Andersson, E., & Moss, T. (2011). Imagery and implementation intention: A randomised controlled trial of interventions to increase exercise behaviour in the general population. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 63–70.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ayotte, B. J., Margrett, J. A., & Hicks-Patrick, J. (2010). Physical activity in middle-aged and young-old adults: The roles of self-efficacy, barriers, outcome expectancies, self-regulatory behaviors and social support. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 173–185.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bakker, M., Lange, F. P., Stevens, J. A., Toni, I., & Bloem, B. R. (2007). Motor imagery of gait: A quantitative approach. Experimental Brain Research, 179, 497–504.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Bandura, A. (1995). Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Self-efficacy in changing societies (pp. 1–45). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Battaglia, F., Quartarone, A., Ghilardi, M. F., Dattola, R., Bagnato, S., Rizzo, V., Morgante, L., & Girlanda, P. (2006). Unilateral cerebellar stroke disrupts movement preparation and motor imagery. Clinical Neurophysiology, 117, 1009–1016.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Beauchet, O., Annweiler, C., Assal, F., Bridenbaugh, S., Herrmann, F. R., Kressig, R. W., & Allali, G. (2010). Imagined Timed Up & Go Test: A new tool to assess higher-level gait and balance disorders in older adults? Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 294, 102–106.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Booth, M. L., Bauman, A., Owen, N., & Gore, C. J. (1997). Physical activity preferences, preferred sources of assistance, and perceived barriers to increased activity among physically inactive Australians. Preventive Medicine, 26(1), 131–137.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Brawley, L. R., Rejeski, W. J., & King, A. C. (2003). Promoting physical activity for older adults: the challenges for changing behavior. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25(3 Suppl 2), 172–183.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buman, M. P., Daphna Yasova, L., & Giacobbi, P. R., Jr. (2010). Descriptive and narrative reports of barriers and motivators to physical activity in sedentary older adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 223–230.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buman, M. P., Giacobbi, P. R., Dzierzewski, J. M., Aiken Morgan, A., McCrae, C. S., Roberts, B. L., & Marsiske, M. (2011). Peer volunteers improve long-term maintenance of physical activity with older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 8(Suppl 2), 257–266.Google Scholar

  • Caspersen, C., Powell, K., & Christenson G.M. (1985). Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: Definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Reports, 100(2), 126–131.Google Scholar

  • Chan, C. K. Y., & Cameron, L. D. (2011). Promoting physical activity with goal-oriented mental imagery: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 347–363.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Collet, C., Guillot, A., Lebon, F., MacIntyre, T., & Moran, A. (2011). Measuring motor imagery using psychometric, behavioral, and psychophysiological tools. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 39, 85–92.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Cumming, J. (2008). Investigating the relationship between exercise imagery, leisure-time exercise behavior, and self-efficacy. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 184–198.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cumming, J., & Stanley, D. M. (2009). Are images of exercising related to feeling states? Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 4, 1–21.Google Scholar

  • Cunnington, R., Egan, G. F., O’Sullivan, J. D., Hughes, A. J., Bradshaw, J. L., & Colebatch, J. G. (2001). Motor imagery in Parkinson’s disease: A PET study. Movement Disorders, 16, 849–857.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Daprati, E., Nico, D., Duval, S., & Lacquaniti, F. D. (2010). Different motor imagery modes following brain damage. Cortex, 46, 1016–1030.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Decety, J. (1996). The neurophysiological basis of motor imagery. Behavioural Brain Research, 77, 45–52.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Decety, J., & Jeannerod, M. (1995). Mentally simulated movements in virtual reality: Does Fitts’s law hold in motor imagery? Behavioural Brain Research, 72, 127–134.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Decety, J., Jeannerod, M., Durozard, D., & Baverel, G. (1993). Central activation of autonomic effectors during mental simulation of motor actions in man. The Journal of Physiology, 461, 549–563.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Decety, J., Jeannerod, M., Germain, M., & Pastene, J. (1991). Vegetative response during imagined movement is proportional to mental effort. Behavioural Brain Research, 42, 1–5.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Dettmers, C., & Nedelka, V. (2011). Mentales Training: Lernen durch Bewegungsvorstellung. neuroreha, 1, 24–31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dror, I. E., & Kosslyn, S. M. (1994). Mental imagery and aging. Psychology and Aging, 9, 90–102.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Duncan, L. R., Rodgers, W. M., Hall, C. R., & Wilson, P. M. (2011). Using imagery to enhance three types of exercise self-efficacy among sedentary women. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 3, 107–126.Google Scholar

  • Duncan, L. R., Hall, C. R., Wilson, P. M., & Rodgers, W. M. (2012). The use of a mental imagery intervention to enhance integrated regulation for exercise among women commencing an exercise program. Motivation and Emotion, 36, 452–464.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Elavsky, S., McAuley, E., Motl, R. W., Konopack, J. F., Marquez, D. X., Hu, L., … Diener, E. (2005). Physical activity enhances long-term quality of life in older adults: Efficacy, esteem, and affective influences. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 138–145.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Erlacher, D. (2010). Mental rehearsal as simulation. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 17, 69–77.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Feltz, D. L., & Landers, D. M. (1983). The effects of mental practice on motor skill learning and performance – A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport Psychology, 5, 25–57.Google Scholar

  • Feltz, D. L., & Payment, C. A. (2005). Self-efficacy beliefs related to movement and mobility. Quest, 57, 24–36.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Feltz, D. L., Short, S. E., & Sullivan, P. J. (2008). Self-efficacy in sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.Google Scholar

  • Fitts, P. M. (1954). The information capacity of the human motor system in controlling the amplitude of movement. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47, 381–391.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Gabbard, C., Cacola, P., & Cordova, A. (2011). Is there an advanced aging effect on the ability to mentally represent action? Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53, 206–209.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gammage, K. L., Hall, C. R., & Rodgers, W. M. (2000). More about exercise imagery. Sport Psychologist, 14, 348–359.Google Scholar

  • Giacobbi, P. R. (2007). Age and activity-level differences in the use of exercise imagery. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19, 487–493.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Giacobbi, P. R., Hausenblas, H. A., Fallon, E. A., & Hall, C. A. (2003). Even more about exercise imagery: A grounded theory of exercise imagery. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 160–175.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Giacobbi, P., Hausenblas, H., & Penfield, R. (2005). Further refinements in the measurement of exercise imagery: The Exercise Imagery Inventory. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 9, 251–266.Google Scholar

  • Giacobbi, P. R., Tuccitto, D. E., Buman, M. P., & Munroe-Chandler, K. (2010). A measurement and conceptual investigation of exercise imagery establishing construct validity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81, 485–493.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Godde, B., & Voelcker-Rehage, C. (2010). More automation and less cognitive control of imagined walking movements in high- versus low-fit older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2, 1–13.Google Scholar

  • Grangeon, M., Guillot, A., & Collet, C. (2011). Postural control during visual and kinesthetic motor imagery. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 36, 47–56.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guillot, A., & Collet, C. (2005). Duration of mentally simulated movement: A review. Journal of Motor Behavior, 37, 10–20.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guillot, A., & Collet, C. (2008). Construction of the motor imagery integrative model in sport: A review and theoretical investigation of motor imagery use. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1, 31–44.Google Scholar

  • Guillot, A., Collet, C., & Dittmar, A. (2004). Relationship between visual and kinesthetic imagery, field dependence-independence, and complex motor skills. Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 190–198.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guillot, A., Collet, C., Nguyen, V. an, Malouin, F., Richards, C., & Doyon, J. (2009). Brain activity during visual versus kinesthetic imagery: An fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 2157–2172.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Hall, C.R. (1995). The motivational function of mental imagery for participation in sport and exercise. In J. Annett, B. Cripps, & H. Steinberg (Eds.), Exercise addiction: Motivation for participation in sport and exercise (pp. 15–21). Leicester: British Psychological Society.Google Scholar

  • Hall, C. R., & Martin, K. A. (1997). Measuring movement imagery abilities: A revision of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire. Journal of Mental Imagery, 21, 43–154.Google Scholar

  • Hall, C. R., Mack, D., Paivio, A., & Hausenblas, H. A. (1998). Imagery use by athletes: Development of the sport imagery questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 29, 73–89.Google Scholar

  • Hall, C. R., Rodgers, W. M., Wilson, P. M., & Norman, P. (2010). Imagery use and self-determined motivations in a community sample of exercisers and non-exercisers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40, 135–152.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hamel, M. F., & Lajoie, Y. (2005). Mental imagery. Effects on static balance and attentional demands of the elderly. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 17, 223–228.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hausenblas, H. A., Hall, C. R., Rodgers, W. M., & Munroe, K. J. (1999). Exercise imagery: Its nature and measurement. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11, 171–180.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hewett, T. E., Ford, K. R., Levine, P., & Page, S. J. (2007). Reaching kinematics to measure motor changes after mental practice in stroke. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 14, 23–29.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hosseini, S. S. (2011). The effect of aquatic and mental trainings on balance in elderly males. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 7, 296–302.Google Scholar

  • Jarus, T., & Ratzon, N. Z. (2000). Can you imagine? The effect of mental practice on the acquisition and retention of a motor skill as a function of age. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 20, 163–178.Google Scholar

  • Jeannerod, M. (2001). Neural simulation of action: A unifying mechanism for motor cognition. NeuroImage, 14, 103–109.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jeannerod, M., & Decety, J. (1995). Mental motor imagery: A window into the representational stages of action. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 5, 727–732.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jeannerod, M., & Frak, V. (1999). Mental imaging of motor activity in humans. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 9, 735–739.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Jenkins, L., Myerson, J., Hale, S., & Fry, A. F. (1999). Individual and developmental differences in working memory across the life span. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 6, 28–40.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Kemps, E., & Newson, R. (2005). Patterns and predictors of adult age differences in mental imagery. Aging Neuropsychology and Cognition, 12, 99–128.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kim, B. H., & Giacobbi, P. R. (2009). The use of exercise-related mental imagery by middle-aged adults. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 4, 1–38.Google Scholar

  • Kim, B. H., Newton, R. A., Sachs, M. L., Giacobbi, P. R., & Glutting, J. J. (2011). The effect of guided relaxation and exercise imagery on self-reported leisure-time exercise behaviors in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 19, 137–146.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Kim, B. H., Newton, R. A., Sachs, M. L., Glutting, J. J., & Glanz, K. (2012). Effect of guided relaxation and imagery on falls self-efficacy: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60, 1109–1114.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Kossert, A. L., & Munroe-Chandler, K. (2007). Exercise imagery: A systematic review of the empirical literature. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 2. doi:10.2202/1932–0191.1015.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kosslyn, S. M., Ganis, G., & Thompson, W. L. (2001). Neural foundations of imagery. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2, 635–642.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kosslyn, S. M., Ganis, G., & Thompson, W. L. (2010). Multimodal images in the brain. In A. Guillot & C. Collet (Eds.), The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery (pp. 3–16). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Lange, F. P. de, Roelofs, K., & Toni, I. (2008). Motor imagery: A window into the mechanisms and alterations of the motor system. Cortex, 44, 494–50.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lees, F. D., Clark, P. G., Nigg, C. R., & Newman, P. (2005). Barriers to exercise behavior among older adults: A focus-group study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 13, 23–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Leonard, G., & Tremblay, F. (2007). Corticomotor facilitation associated with observation, imagery and imitation of hand actions: A comparative study in young and old adults. Experimental Brain Research, 177, 167–175.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Liepert, J., Hassa, T., Tuescher, O., & Schmidt, R. (2011). Motor excitability during movement imagination and movement observation in psychogenic lower limb paresis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 59–65.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Liu, K. P., Chan, C. C., Lee, T. M., & Hui-Chan, C. W. (2004). Mental imagery for promoting relearning for people after stroke: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85, 1403–1408.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Liu, K. P. Y., Chan, C. C. H., Wong, R. S. M., Kwan, I. W. L., Yau, C. S. F., Li, L. S. W., & Lee, T. M. C. (2009). A randomized controlled trial of mental imagery augment generalization of learning in acute poststroke patients. Stroke: A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 40, 2222–2225.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lo, Y. L., Louis, E. D., Fook-Chong, S., & Tan, E. K. (2007). Impaired motor imagery in patients with essential tremor: A case control study. Movement Disorders, 22, 504–508.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lotze, M., & Halsband, U. (2006). Motor imagery. Journal of Physiology (Paris), 99, 386–395.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Malouin, F., Belleville, S., Richards, C. L., Desrosiers, J., & Doyon, J. (2004). Working memory and mental practice outcomes after stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85, 177–183.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Malouin, F., & Richards, C. L. (2010). Mental practice for relearning locomotor skills. Physical Therapy, 90, 240–251.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Malouin, F., Richards, C. L., Doyon, J., Desrosiers, J., & Belleville, S. (2004). Training mobility tasks after stroke with combined mental and physical practice: A feasibility study. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 18, 66–75.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Malouin, F., Richards, C. L., & Durand, A. (2010). Normal aging and motor imagery vividness: Implications for mental practice training in rehabilitation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91, 1122–1127.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Malouin, F., Richards, C. L., Jackson, P. L., Lafleur, M. F., Durand, A., & Doyon, J. (2007). The Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ) for assessing motor imagery in persons with physical disabilities: A reliability and construct validity study. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 31, 20–29.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • McAvinue, L. P., & Robertson, I. H. (2008). Measuring motor imagery ability: A review. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 20, 232–251.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Milton, J., Small, S. L., & Solodkin, A. (2008). Imaging motor imagery: Methodological issues related to expertise. Methods, 45, 36–341.Google Scholar

  • Mulder, T., Vries, S. de, & Zijlstra, S. (2005). Observation, imagination and execution of an effortful movement: More evidence for a central explanation of motor imagery. Experimental Brain Research, 163, 344–351.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mulder, T., Hochstenbach, J. B. H., Heuvelen, M. J. G., & den Otter, A. R. (2007). Motor imagery: The relation between age and imagery capacity. Human Movement Science, 26, 203–211.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Munroe-Chandler, K. J., & Gammage, K. L. (2005). Now see this: a new vision of exercise imagery. Exercise and sport sciences reviews, 33, 201–205.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Munroe-Chandler, K. J., Gammage, K. L., & Estabrooks, P. A. (2005). A new vision of exercise imagery. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 27(Suppl), S11–S12.Google Scholar

  • Munroe-Chandler, K., Hall, C., & Fishburne, G. (2008). Playing with confidence: The relationship between imagery use and self-confidence and self-efficacy in youth soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26, 1539–1546.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Munzert, J., Lorey, B., & Zentgraf, K. (2009). Cognitive motor processes: The role of motor imagery in the study of motor representations. Brain Research Reviews, 60, 306–326.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Munzert, J., & Zentgraf, K. (2009). Motor imagery and its implications for understanding the motor system. In M. Raab, J. Johnson, & H. Heekeren (Eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Mind and motion: The bidirectional link between thought and action (pp. 219–229). Amsterdam: Elsevier Press.Google Scholar

  • Nedelko, V., Hassa, T., Hamzei, F., Weiller, C., Binkofski, F., Schoenfeld, M. A., … Dettmers, C. (2010). Age-independent activation in areas of the mirror neuron system during action observation and action imagery: A fMRI study. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 28, 737–747.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Newson, R. S., & Kemps, E. B. (2006). The influence of physical and cognitive activities on simple and complex cognitive tasks in older adults. Experimental Aging Research, 32, 341–362.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Olsson, C.-J., Jonsson, B., & Nyberg, L. (2008). Internal imagery training in active high jumpers. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49, 133–140.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Page, S. J., Levine, P., & Khoury, J. C. (2009). Modified constraint-induced therapy combined with mental practice thinking through better motor outcomes. Stroke, 40, 551–554.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Page, S. J., Levine, P., & Leonard, A. C. (2005). Effects of mental practice on affected limb use and function in chronic stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86, 399–402.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Page, S. J., Levine, P., Sisto, S. A., & Johnston, M. V. (2001). Mental practice combined with physical practice for upper-limb motor deficit in subacute stroke. Physical Therapy, 81, 1455–1462.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Paivio, A. (1985). Cognitive and motivational functions of imagery in human performance. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 10, 22–28.Google Scholar

  • Personnier, P., Ballay, Y., & Papaxanthis, C. D. (2010). Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging: III. Electromyographic features of imagined arm movements. Behavioural Brain Research, 206, 184–191.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Personnier, P., Kubicki, A., Laroche, D., & Papaxanthis, C. (2010). Temporal features of imagined locomotion in normal aging. Neuroscience Letters, 476, 146–149.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Personnier, P., Paizis, C., Ballay, Y., & Papaxanthis, C. (2008). Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging: II. The influence of the gravito-inertial context on the duration of overt and covert arm movements. Behavioural Brain Research, 186, 273–283.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rasinaho, M., Hirvensalo, M., Leinonen, R., Lintunen, T., & Rantanen, T. (2007). Motives for and barriers to physical, activity among older adults with mobility limitations. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 15, 90–102.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Roberts, R., Callow, N., Hardy, L., Markland, D., & Bringer, J. (2008). Movement imagery ability: development and assessment of a revised version of the vividness of movement imagery questionnaire. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30, 200–221.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Rodgers, W. M., Hall, C. R., Blanchard, C. M., & Munroe, K. J. (2001). Prediction of obligatory exercise by exercise-related imagery. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 152–154.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rodgers, W., Munroe, K., & Hall, C. (2002). Relations among exercise imagery, self-efficacy, exercise behavior, and intentions. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 21, 55–65.Google Scholar

  • Ross-Stewart, L., Short, S. E., & Terrance, C. A. (2010). A narrative review of the relationships among imagery, exercise, and self-efficacy. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 5, 1–29.Google Scholar

  • Saimpont, A., Malouin, F., Tousignant, B., & Jackson, P. L. (2012). The influence of body configuration on motor imagery of walking in younger and older adults. Neuroscience, 222, 49–57.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Saimpont, A., Mourey, F., Manckoundia, P., Pfitzenmeyer, P., & Pozzo, T. (2010). Aging affects the mental simulation/planning of the “rising from the floor” sequence. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 51, E41–E45.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Saimpont, A., Pozzo, T., & Papaxanthis, C. (2009). Aging affects the mental rotation of left and right hands. PLoS One, 4, e6714.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schnider, A., Gutbrod, K., & Hess, C. W. (1995). Motion imagery in Parkinson’s disease. Brain, 118, 485–493.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schott, N. (2004). Controllability of visual motor imagery in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 12, 352–353.Google Scholar

  • Schott, N. (2012). Age-related differences in motor imagery: Working memory as a mediator. Experimental Aging Research, 38, 559–583.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schott, N., & Munzert, J. (2007). Temporal accuracy of motor imagery in older women. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 304–320.Google Scholar

  • Schuster, C., Hilfiker, R., Amft, O., Scheidhauer, A., Andrews, B., Butler, J., … (2011). Best practice for motor imagery: A systematic literature review on motor imagery training elements in five different disciplines. BMC Medicine, 9, 75.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sharma, N., Pomeroy, V. M., & Baron, J. C. (2006). Motor imagery – A backdoor to the motor system after stroke? Stroke, 37, 1941–1952.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sharma, N., Simmons, L. H., Jones, P. S., Day, D. J., Carpenter, T. A., Pomeroy, V. M., … Baron, J. C. (2009). Motor imagery after subcortical stroke: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Stroke, 40, 1315–1324.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Skoura, X., Papaxanthis, C., Vinter, A., & Pozzo, T. (2005). Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging I. Age effects on the temporal features of overt and covert execution of actions. Behavioural Brain Research, 165, 229–239.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Skoura, X., Personnier, P., Vinter, A., Pozzo, T., & Papaxanthis, C. (2007). Decline in motor prediction in elderly subjects: Right versus left arm differences in mentally simulated motor actions. Cortex, 44, 1271–1278.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Stanley, D. M., & Cumming, J. (2007). Exercise imagery use and its relationship with affective and behavioral outcomes related to exercise. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, S203–S204.Google Scholar

  • Stanley, D., & Cumming, J. (2008). Examining the role of imagery as a source of self-efficacy in exercise behavior. Psychology & Health, 23, 244–244.Google Scholar

  • Stanley, D. M., & Cumming, J. (2010). Are we having fun yet? Testing the effects of imagery use on the affective and enjoyment responses to acute moderate exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 582–590.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stanton, B. R., Williams, V. C., Leigh, P. N., Williams, S. C. R., Blaina, C. R. V., Giampietro, V. P., & Simmons, A. (2007). Cortical activation during motor imagery is reduced in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Brain Research, 1172, 145–151.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stinear, C. M., Fleming, M. K., Barber, P. A., & Byblow, W. D. (2007). Lateralization of motor imagery following stroke. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118, 1794–1801.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stoter, A. J. R., Scherder, E. J. A., Kamsma, Y. P. T., & Mulder, T. (2008). Rehearsal strategies during motor-sequence learning in old age: Execution vs motor imagery. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 106, 967–978.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C., Cumming, J., Ntoumanis, N., & Nikitaras, N. (2011). Exercise imagery and its correlates in older adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 19–25.Google Scholar

  • van Heuvelen, M. J. G., Hochstenbach, J. B. H., Brouwer, W. H., Greef, M. H. G. de, & Scherder, E. (2006). Psychological and physical activity training for older persons: Who does not attend? Gerontology, 52, 366–375.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • van Heuvelen, M. J. G., Hochstenbach, J. B. M., Brouwer, W. H., Greef, M. H. G. de, Zijlstra, G. A. R., van Jaarsveld, E., … Mulder, T. (2005). Differences between participants and non-participants in an RCT on physical activity and psychological interventions for older persons. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 17, 236–245.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wang, Y. D., & Morgan, W. P. (1992). The effect of imagery perspectives on the psychophysiological responses to imagined exercise. Behavioural Brain Research, 52, 167–174.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Weinberg, R. (2008). Does imagery work? Effects on performance and mental skills. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 3, 1–21.Google Scholar

  • Wesch, N. N., Milne, M. I., Burke, S. M., & Hall, C. R. (2006). Self-efficacy and imagery use in older adult exercisers. European Journal of Sport Science, 6, 197–203.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., & McAuley, E. (2009). Physical activity and quality of life in community dwelling older adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7, 7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • World Health Organization. (2007). Steps to health: A European framework to promote physical activity for health. Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.Google Scholar

  • Zijlstra, G. A. R., van Haastregt, J. C. M., van Eijk, J. T. M., van Rossum, E., Stalenhoef, P. A., & Kempen, G. I. J. M. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of fear of falling, and associated avoidance of activity in the general population of community-living older people. Age and Ageing, 36, 304–309.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Zimmermann-Schlatter, A., Schuster, C., Puhan, M. A., Siekierka, E., & Steurer, J. (2008). Efficacy of motor imagery in post-stroke rehabilitation: A systematic review. Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation, 5, 1–10.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-06-18


Citation Information: Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 61–75, ISSN (Online) 1932-0191, ISSN (Print) 2194-637X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jirspa-2012-0003.

Export Citation

©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin / Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
C. I. Zona, M. Raab, and Martin H. Fischer
Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2018
[2]
Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Guillaume R. Coudevylle, Shelly Ruart, Olivier Hue, and Stephane Sinnapah
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2018, Page 1
[3]
Maryam Goudarzian, Samira Ghavi, Ardalan Shariat, Hossein Shirvani, and Mostafa Rahimi
Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 2017, Volume 13, Number 5, Page 573
[4]
Mélanie G. M. Perras, Shaelyn M. Strachan, Michelle S. Fortier, and Brenden Dufault
European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 2016, Volume 13, Number 1
[5]
Sylvain Laborde, Lisa Musculus, Michael Kalicinski, Martin K. Klämpfl, Noel P. Kinrade, and Babett H. Lobinger
Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, Volume 78, Page 77
[6]
Michael Kalicinski, Matthias Kempe, and Otmar Bock
Experimental Aging Research, 2015, Volume 41, Number 1, Page 25

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in