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Journal of Legal Studies

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Member States’ liability for judicial error resulting in breaches of European Union Law

Valentin Paul Neamt
Published Online: 2016-05-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jles-2016-0007


This paper presents the remedies available to persons whose European law rights have been infringed by judgments given by national Courts. The paper firsts presents the concept of state liability for judicial errors in relation to European law, as it stems from the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, then goes on to show how the European Court of Human Rights may give redress to such aggrieved parties. Finally, it discusses the differences in the possibility of redress given by the two courts and the compatibility between their approaches, finally leading to a discussion on the possible convergence of the two.

Keywords: liability; judicial errors; European Law


  • 1. Damian Chalmers, Gareth Davies, Giorgio Monti - European Union Law: Cases and Materials 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010;Google Scholar

  • 2. Paul Craig, Grainne de Burca - EU Law: Text, Cases, and Materials, 5th Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011;Google Scholar

Judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union:

  • 3. Joined Cases 28 to 30/62 – Da Costa v Nederlandse Belastingadministratie (1963) ECR 31Google Scholar

  • 4. Case C-283/81 - Srl CILFIT and Lanificio di Gavardo SpA v Ministry of Health. (1982)Google Scholar

  • 5. Case C-224/01 - Gerhard Kobler v Republic of Austria (2003), ECR I-10239.Google Scholar

  • 6. Joined Cases C-6/90 and C-9/90 Andrea Francovich and Danila Bonifaci and others v Italian Republic (1991), ECR I-05357.Google Scholar

  • 7. Case C-46/93 - Brasserie du Pecheur and Factortame (1996) ECR I-1029;Google Scholar

  • 8. Case C-173/03 - Traghetti del Mediterraneo SpA v Repubblica Italiana (2006), ECR I-05177.Google Scholar

  • 9. Joined Cases C-72/14 and C-197/14 – X v Inspecteur van Rijksbelastingdienst and T.A. Van Dijk v Staatssecretaris van Financien, not yet reported.Google Scholar

  • 10. Case C-160/14 - João Filipe Ferreira da Silva e Brito and Others v Estado portugues, not yet reported.Google Scholar

Judgments of the European Court of Human Right:

About the article

Received: 2015-11-01

Accepted: 2016-01-01

Published Online: 2016-05-12

Published in Print: 2016-06-01

Citation Information: Journal of Legal Studies, Volume 17, Issue 31, Pages 64–76, ISSN (Online) 2392-7054, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jles-2016-0007.

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© 2016 Valentin Paul Neamt, published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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