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Journal of Mathematical Cryptology

Managing Editor: Magliveras, Spyros S. / Steinwandt, Rainer / Trung, Tran

Editorial Board: Blackburn, Simon R. / Blundo, Carlo / Burmester, Mike / Cramer, Ronald / Dawson, Ed / Gilman, Robert / Gonzalez Vasco, Maria Isabel / Grosek, Otokar / Helleseth, Tor / Kim, Kwangjo / Koblitz, Neal / Kurosawa, Kaoru / Lauter, Kristin / Lange, Tanja / Menezes, Alfred / Nguyen, Phong Q. / Pieprzyk, Josef / Rötteler, Martin / Safavi-Naini, Rei / Shparlinski, Igor E. / Stinson, Doug / Takagi, Tsuyoshi / Williams, Hugh C. / Yung, Moti

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 1.43

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.293
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.117

Mathematical Citation Quotient (MCQ) 2017: 0.51

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Volume 2, Issue 2


Sieve algorithms for the shortest vector problem are practical

Phong Q. Nguyen / Thomas Vidick
Published Online: 2008-09-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JMC.2008.009


The most famous lattice problem is the Shortest Vector Problem (SVP), which has many applications in cryptology. The best approximation algorithms known for SVP in high dimension rely on a subroutine for exact SVP in low dimension. In this paper, we assess the practicality of the best (theoretical) algorithm known for exact SVP in low dimension: the sieve algorithm proposed by Ajtai, Kumar and Sivakumar (AKS) in 2001. AKS is a randomized algorithm of time and space complexity 2O(n), which is theoretically much lower than the super-exponential complexity of all alternative SVP algorithms. Surprisingly, no implementation and no practical analysis of AKS has ever been reported. It was in fact widely believed that AKS was impractical: for instance, Schnorr claimed in 2003 that the constant hidden in the 2O(n) complexity was at least 30. In this paper, we show that AKS can actually be made practical: we present a heuristic variant of AKS whose running time is polynomial-time operations, and whose space requirement is polynomially many bits. Our implementation can experimentally find shortest lattice vectors up to dimension 50, but is slower than classical alternative SVP algorithms in these dimensions.

Keywords.: Lattices; AKS Algorithm; sieve; LLL; enumeration

About the article

Received: 2007-10-04

Published Online: 2008-09-11

Published in Print: 2008-07-01

Citation Information: Journal of Mathematical Cryptology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 181–207, ISSN (Online) 1862-2984, ISSN (Print) 1862-2976, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JMC.2008.009.

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