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Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

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Volume 43, Issue 4


A Symmetric Van ’t Hoff Equation and Equilibrium Temperature Gradients

D. P. Sheehan
Published Online: 2018-06-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jnet-2017-0007


Thermodynamically isolated systems normally relax to equilibria characterized by single temperatures; however, in recent years several systems have been identified that challenge this presumption, demonstrating stationary temperature gradients at equilibrium. These temperature gradients, most pronounced in systems involving epicatalysis, can be explained via an underappreciated symmetry in the Van ’t Hoff equation.

Keywords: non-equilibrium thermodynamics; Van ’t Hoff equation; epicatalysis; catalysis; second law of thermodynamics


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About the article

Received: 2018-01-17

Revised: 2018-05-25

Accepted: 2018-05-28

Published Online: 2018-06-21

Published in Print: 2018-10-25

Citation Information: Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 301–315, ISSN (Online) 1437-4358, ISSN (Print) 0340-0204, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jnet-2017-0007.

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