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Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Founded by Keller, Jürgen U.

Editor-in-Chief: Hoffmann, Karl Heinz

Managing Editor: Prehl, Janett / Schwalbe, Karsten

Ed. by Michaelides, Efstathios E. / Rubi, J. Miguel

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1437-4358
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Energy and Exergy Analysis of Multi-Temperature PCMs Employed in a Latent Heat Storage System and Parabolic Trough Collector

Beemkumar NagappanORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3868-0382 / Karthikeyan AlaguORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0435-9822 / Yuvarajan Devarajan
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India
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/ Dinesh Babu Munuswamy
Published Online: 2018-03-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jnet-2017-0066

Abstract

This study represents the exergy analysis of the evacuated tube parabolic trough collector and the cascaded latent heat storage system using multi-temperature phase change material (PCMs) during the charging process. The objective of the work is to control the losses and increase the efficiency of the system. The exergy analysis has been conducted on the basis of the first and second laws of thermodynamics in a parabolic trough collector with various mass flow rates of the heat transfer fluid (HTF). The overall variation of exergy efficiency of the collector with varying mass flow rate of the HTF is 5.9 %. The thermodynamic analysis of the cascaded latent heat storage system has been done during the charging process in which the PCM absorbs energy from the HTF and undergoes a phase transformation from the solid to the liquid state. The exergy analysis is conducted by varying the mass flow rate of the HTF in the storage system for both insulated and non-insulated systems. It is noticed that the variation of exergy stored for 5 and 10 liters per minute is 24.609 kW and 40.48 kW, respectively. It is concluded that the high range of energy and exergy stored in the system is achieved by the high flow rate of the HTF.

Keywords: parabolic trough collector; thermal energy storage system; exergy analysis; multiple temperature PCMs; energy analysis

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-20

Revised: 2018-01-30

Accepted: 2018-03-13

Published Online: 2018-03-23


Citation Information: Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, ISSN (Online) 1437-4358, ISSN (Print) 0340-0204, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jnet-2017-0066.

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