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Journal of Geodetic Science

Editor-in-Chief: Eshagh, Mehdi

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The effect of tunnelling on repeated precise levelling measurements for vertical deformation control of the Metro4 project

Cs. Égető
  • Department of Geodesy and Surveying, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary, phone: (36)1463-3092, fax: (36)1463-3192
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ L. Földváry
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Geodesy and Surveying, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary, phone: (36)1463-3092, fax: (36)1463-3192
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ T. Huszák
Published Online: 2013-09-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jogs-2013-0015


The effect of the construction of the 4th subway line of Budapest (Metro4) on the potential surfaces of the gravity field has been simulated, using the prism modelling technique. In the study mass loss due to the excavation of the two tunnels and of the stations has been considered. Mass variations deform the level surfaces; as so, the vertical reference surface of the levelling measurements is changing by time. In this study, the effect of the mass loss on levelling measurements was determined at a level 1 m above the ground, roughly simulating common instrument heights. Subsequently, the effect of the actual deformations of the surface on the levelling measurements has also been determined. According to the results, under certain arrangements of the levelling line with respect to the position of the excavations, the error due to the change of the vertical reference is in the 1μm order of magnitude, thus negligible.

Keywords: Budapest Metro4 project; levelling; prism modelling; temporal variations of gravity

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-09-07

Published in Print: 2013-09-01

Citation Information: Journal of Geodetic Science, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 95–102, ISSN (Print) 2081-9943, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jogs-2013-0015.

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