Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics

The Journal of Institute of Hydrology SAS Bratislava and Institute of Hydrodynamics CAS Prague

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.654

CiteScore 2016: 1.72

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.440
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.969

Open Access
Online
ISSN
0042-790X
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 65, Issue 4

Issues

Water vapour adsorption on water repellent sandy soils

Tomas Orfanus
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Abdel-Monem Mohamed Amer / Grzegorz Jozefaciuk
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Agrophysics, ul. Doswiadczalna 4, P.O. Box 201 20-290, Lublin, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Emil Fulajtar / Anežka Čelková
  • Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-11-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/johh-2017-0030

Abstract

Soil sorptivity is considered a key parameter describing early stages of water (rain) infiltration into a relatively dry soil and it is related to build-up complexity of the capillary system and soil wettability (contact angles of soil pore walls). During the last decade an increasing water repellency of sandy soils under pine forest and grassland vegetation has been frequently observed at Mlaky II location in SW Slovakia. The dry seasons result in uneven wetting of soil and up to hundredfold decrease in soil sorptivity in these vegetated soil as compared to reference sandy material, which was out of the reach of ambient vegetation and therefore readily wettable. As far as water binding to low moisture soils is governed by adsorption processes, we hypothesized that soil water repellency detected by water drop penetration test and by index of water repellency should also influence the water vapour adsorption parameters (monolayer water content, Wm, specific surface area, A, maximum adsorption water, Wa, maximum hygroscopic water MH, fractal dimension, DS and adsorption energies, Ea) derived from BET model of adsorption isotherms. We found however, that the connection of these parameters to water repellency level is difficult to interpret; nevertheless the centres with higher adsorption energy prevailed evidently in wettable materials. The water repellent forest and grassland soils reached less than 80% of the adsorption energy measured on wettable reference material. To get more conclusive results, which would not be influenced by small but still present variability of field materials, commercially available homogeneous siliceous sand was artificially hydrophobized and studied in the same way, as were the field materials. This extremely water repellent material had two-times lower surface area, very low fractal dimension (close to 2) and substantially lower adsorption energy as compared to the same siliceous sand when not hydrophobized.

Keywords: Soil sorptivity; Hydrophobization; Adsorption isotherm; Fractal dimension; Specific surface area

References

  • Amer, A.M., 2003. Soil Hydro-Physics. First Part, Al-Dar Alarabia Publishing Foundation, Cairo, Egypt, ISBN 977- 258-179-5.Google Scholar

  • Amer, A.M., 2009. Moisture adsorption capacity and surface area as deduced from vapour pressure isotherms in relation to hygroscopic water of soils. Biologia, 64, 3, 516-521.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Avnir, D., 1989. The Fractal Approach to Heterogeneous Chemistry: Surfaces, Colloids, Polymers. Wiley, Chichester, UK. Google Scholar

  • Blanco-Canqui, H., 2011. Does no-till farming induce water repellency to soils? Soil Use Manag., 27, 2-9. Google Scholar

  • Brunauer, S., Emmett, P.H., Teller, E., 1938. Adsorption of gases in multi-molecular layers. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 60, 309-319.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bughici, T., Wallach, R., 2016. Formation of soil-water repellency in olive orchards and its influence on infiltration pattern. Geoderma, 262, 1-11.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Burcar, S., Miller, W., Tyler, S., Johnson, D., 1994. Seasonal preferential flow in two Sierra Nevada soils under forested and grassland cover. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 58, 1555-1561.Google Scholar

  • Cary, J.W., Kohl, R.A., Taylor, S.A., 1964. Water adsorption by dry soil and its thermodynamic functions. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc., 28, 309-313.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Clothier, B.E., Vogeler, I., Magesan, G.N., 2000. The breakdown of water repellency and solute transport through a hydrophobic soil. J. Hydrol., 231-232, 255-264.Google Scholar

  • DeBano, L.F., 1981. Water repellent soils: a state-of-the-art. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station P.O. Box 245, Berkeley, California 94701, 25 p.Google Scholar

  • de Blas, E., Almendros, G., Sanz, J., 2013. Molecular characterization of lipid fractions from extremely waterrepellent pine and eucalyptus forest soils. Geoderma, 206, 75-84.Google Scholar

  • Dekker, L.W., 1998. Moisture variability resulting from water repellency in Dutch soils. Doctoral thesis. Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands, 240 p.Google Scholar

  • Ehwald, E., Vetterlein, E., Buchholz, F., 1961. Das Eindringen von Niederschlägen und Wasserbewegungen in sandigen Waldböden. Z. Pflanzenernaehr. Dueng. Bodenkd., 93, 202-209.Google Scholar

  • Eynard, A., Schumacher, T.E., Lindstrom, M.J., Malo, D.D., Kohl, R.A., 2004. Wettability of soil aggregates from cultivated and uncultivated Ustolls and Usterts. Aust. J. Soil Res., 42, 163-170.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fernández-Gálvez, J., Mingorance, M.D., 2010. Vapour and liquid hydrophobic characteristics induced by presence of surfactants in an agricultural soil. Geoderma, 154, 321-327.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Fiala, K., 1999. Standard methods of soil analyses. Soil Fert. Res. Inst., Bratislava, Slovakia. (In Slovak.)Google Scholar

  • Flores-Mangual, M.L., Lowery, B., Bockheim, J.G., Pagliari, P.H., Scharenbroch, B., 2013. Hydrophobicity of Sparta sand under different vegetation types in the Lower Wisconsin River Valley. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 77, 1506-1516.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Goebel, M.O., Woche, S.K., Bachmann, J., Lamparter, A., Fischer, W.R., 2007. Significance of wettability-induced changes in microscopic water distribution for soil organic matter decomposition. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 71, 1593-1599.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hurrass, J., 2006. Interactions between soil organic matter and water with special respect to the glass transition behaviour. Dissertation Thesis. TU Berlin, 125 p.Google Scholar

  • Imeson, A.C., Verstraten, J.M., van Mulligen, E.J., Sevink, J., 1992. The effects of fire and water repellency on infiltration and runoff under Mediterranean type forests. Catena, 19, 345-361.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jarzebski, A.B., Lorenc, J., Pajak, L., 1997. Surface fractal characteristics of silica aerogels. Langmuir, 13, 1031-1035. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la960011zCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lichner, Ľ., Hallett, P.D., Feeney, D., Ďugová, O., Šír, M., Tesař, M., 2007. Field measurement of soil water repellency and its impact on water flow under different vegetation. Biologia, 62, 537-541.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Lichner, L., Eldridge, D.J., Schacht, K., Zhukova, N., Holko, L., Sir, M., Pecho, J., 2011. Grass cover influences hydro physical parameters and heterogeneity of water flow in a sandy soil. Pedosphere, 21, 719-729.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lozano, E., Jiménez-Pinilla, P., Mataix-Solera, J., Arcenegui, V., Bárcenas, G.M, González-Pérez, J.A., García-Orenes, F., Torres, M.P., Mataix-Beneyto, J., 2013. Biological and chemical factors controlling the patchy distribution of soil water repellency among plant species in a Mediterranean semiarid forest. Geoderma, 207-208, 212-220.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Miyamoto, S., Letey, J., Osborn, J., 1972. Water vapor adsorption by water-repellent soils at equilibrium. Soil Sci., 114, 180-184.Google Scholar

  • Newman, A.C.D., 1983. The specific surface area of soils determined by water sorption. J. Soil Science, 34, 23-32.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ojeda, G., Mattana, S., Alcañiz, J.M., Marando, G., Bonmatí, M., Woche, S.K., Bachmann, J., 2010. Wetting process and soil water retention of a mine soil amended with composted and thermally dried sludges. Geoderma, 156, 399-409.Google Scholar

  • Orfanus, T., Bedrna, Z., Lichner, L., Hallett, P.D., Kňava, K., Sebiň, M., 2008. Spatial variability of water repellency in pine forest soil. Soil Water Res., 3, 123-129.Google Scholar

  • Orfanus, T., Dlapa, P., Fodor, N., Rajkai, K., Sándor, R., Nováková, K., 2014. How severe and subcritical water repellency determines the seasonal infiltration in natural and cultivated sandy soils. Soil & Tillage Research, 135, 49-59.Google Scholar

  • Philip, J.R., 1957. The theory of infiltration: 1. The infiltration equation and its solution. Soil Sci., 83, 345-357.Google Scholar

  • Rose, D.A., 1968. Water movement in dry soils. I. Physical factors affecting sorption of water by dry soil. J. Soil Sci., 19, 81-93.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Roy, J.L., McGill, W.B., 2002. Assessing soil water repellency using the molarity of ethanol droplet (MED) test. Soil Sci., 167, 83-97.Google Scholar

  • Shakesby, R.A., Coelho, C.O.A., Ferreira, A.D., Terry, J.P., Walsh, R.P.D., 1993. Wildfire impacts on soil erosion and hydrology in wet Mediterranean forest, Portugal. Int. J. Wildland Fire, 3, 95-110.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Soil Survey Division Staff, 2010. Soil Survey Manual. Soil Conservation Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 18, Washington DC.Google Scholar

  • Tillman, R.W., Scotter, D.R., Wallis, M.G., Clothier, B.E., 1989. Water-repellency and its measurement by using intrinsic sorptivity. Aust. J. Soil Res., 27, 637-644.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Verhoef, A., Diaz-Espejo, A., Knight, J.R., Villagarcía, L., Fernández, J.E., 2006. Adsorption of water vapor by bare soil in an olive grove in Southern Spain. J. Hydrometeor., 5, 1011-1027.Google Scholar

  • Zhang, R., 1997. Determination of soil sorptivity and hydraulic conductivity from the disk infiltrometer. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 61, 1024-1030.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-10-07

Accepted: 2017-05-16

Published Online: 2017-11-07

Published in Print: 2017-12-20


Citation Information: Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, Volume 65, Issue 4, Pages 395–401, ISSN (Online) 0042-790X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/johh-2017-0030.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in