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Journal of KONBiN

The Journal of Air Force Institute of Technology

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.182
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.324

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Volume 24, Issue 1



Prof. Adam Gdynia
Published Online: 2013-11-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jok-2013-0050


Presently, as a result of the technical progress, more and more complicated machines are being used in our everyday life. This is even more the case in relation to technology used at sea, where highly specialised services are needed. Sophisticated marine devices require special diagnostic methods that take into account the specific conditions of use of this type of machinery. In this paper we present the diagnostic systems elaborated to support the exploitation of the vessel power. Marine engine is a complex technical object. For the purpose of diagnostics it is convenient to divide the engine into several units - subsystems such as: piston -crank assembly; working medium exchange system, fuel supply system, lubricating system, cooling system, starting up - reversing system; combustion chamber, etc. The organization of the marine engine and auxiliary machinery diagnostic process can usually come down to two stages, general diagnostics and damage location. Most popular in marine engine diagnostics have been the periodic run analyzers, called pressure analyzers, electronic indicators. The diagnostic system of marine engine is able to assess the current engine condition and give forecast concerning its future operation in a complex way with the use of computer technology. Working out operating decision was based on proper preparation of operational parameters which were processed in a computer according to defined algorithms.


Silnik okrętowy jest złożonym obiektem technicznym. Dla celów diagnostycznych korzystnie jest podzielić ten obiekt na na kilka jednostek - podsystemów takich jak: układ tłokowo-korbowy; system wymiany czynnika roboczego; system paliwowy; system smarowania; system chłodzenia; system rozruchowo - nawrotny; komora spalania; itp. Organizacja diagnostyki silnikow okrętowych i mechanizmów pomocniczych zazwyczaj sprowadza się do dwóch poziomów, diagnostyki ogólnej oraz lokalizacji uszkodzen. Najczęściej stosowaną metodą diagnostyki silnikow okretowych jest okresowa analiza pracy oparta na analizatorach ciśnienia zwanych indykatorami elektronicznymi. System diagnostycznysilnika okrętowego jest w stanie ocenić bieżący stan techniczny obiektu oraz opracować prognozę dotyczącą dalszej eksploatacji, na podstawie kompleksowych analiz komputerowych. Wypracowanie decyzji operacyjnej opiera się na parametrach obliczonych przez komputer na podstawie odpowiednio skonfigurowanego algorytmu.

Keywords : technical diagnostics; piston engines; gas turbine engines; vessel power plants

Słowa kluczowe : diagnostyka; silniki tłokowe; turbiny gazowe; siłownie okrętowe

  • [1] Charchalis A.: Diagnozowanie okrętowych siłowni spalinowych. [W:] Żółtowski B., Cempel Cz. (red.), Inżynieria Diagnostyki Technicznej. Instytut Technologii Eksploatacji PIB, cz. III, rozdz. 9, Radom 2004.Google Scholar

  • [2] Charchalis A.: Multi Symptoms System of Diagnosing of Marine Gas Turbines. 3 International Congress of Technical Diagnostics, Poznan 2004.Google Scholar

  • [3] Charchalis A.: Diagnostics of Vessel Power Plants. Journal of CIMAC, vol 7, No. 2, Gdańsk 2012.Google Scholar

  • [4] Polanowski S.: Diagnostyka techniczna okrętowych tłokowych silników spalinowych. Zeszyty Naukowe AMW nr 3, Gdynia 1991.Google Scholar

  • [5] Polanowski S.: Studium metod analizy wykresów indykatorowych w aspekcie diagnostyki silników okrętowych. Zeszyty naukowe AMW nr 109A, Gdynia 2007.Google Scholar

  • [6] Pawletko R., Polanowski S.: Acquisition of diagnostic information from the indicator diagrams of marine engines using the electronic indicators. Journal of KONES, Vol. 18, No.3, Warsaw 2011. Google Scholar

About the article

Prof. Adam Gdynia

Prof. Adam Charchalis, in 1968 he accomplished engineering course in Polish Navy University and subsequently followed master studies in Gdansk University of Technology, in Faculty of Shipbuilding. In years 1968 - 1971 was appointed as a chief engineer on board a mine sweeper ORP „Krogulec”. Since 1971 had been working in Polish Navy Academy. Promoted to PhD. of Engineering in 1978, Professor since 1994. In 1979 was appointed in substitution as a Commander of Institute of Ships Construction and Propulsion. From 1990 to 2003 was performing the duty of Institute Commander. From 1994 to 2004 was appointed as a Dean of Mechanical -Electrical Faculty of Polish Navy Academy. Since 1999 has been a professor in Gdynia Maritime University. In the year 2008 and 2012 again, was elected the Dean of Mechanical Faculty. Zone of scientific interest is Marine Propulsion, Marine Power Plants, Gas Turbine Propulsion and Diagnostics of Marine Mechanisms. Author of 3 monographs, 8 handbooks and more than 250 articles.

Published Online: 2013-11-15

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Journal of KONBiN, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 25–32, ISSN (Online) 2083-4608, ISSN (Print) 1895-8281, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jok-2013-0050.

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