Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Pedagogy

The Journal of University of Trnava

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.190
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.185

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1338-2144
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Dangerous disciplines: Understanding pedagogies of punishment in the neoliberal states of America

Christopher G. Robbins Associate Professor / Serhiy Kovalchuk Ph.D. Candidate
  • University of Toronto Ontario Institute for Studies in Education Department of Curriculum, Teaching and Learning 252 Bloor St West, Office 10-125 Toronto Ontario M5S 1V Canada
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10159-012-0010-z

Abstract

Public schools deploy a range of processes and practices that help constitute the formation and legitimation of certain knowledges, relationships, skills, values and, ultimately, subjectivities. School discipline regimes are one of these practices. Exercising their power through pedagogical modes of address, these regimes are currently organizing relationships throughout school cultures that reflect the values and encourage role performances associated with neoliberal capitalism. This research paper describes and analyzes two widely used discipline regimes-zero tolerance/hyper-criminalization and positive behavior interventions and support (PBIS) -through Foucault’s theories of governmentality and biopolitics. These two regimes provide mirror images of the primary modes of punishing and disciplining under neoliberalism: criminalization and individualization. The paper will also explore how neoliberalism subjects schools to processes of enclosure, but also how schools themselves have become sites productive of neoliberal subjects through the content, values and interests embedded in the curricula of PBIS and criminalization which students must master.

Keywords : zero tolerance; criminalization; positive behavior interventions and support (PBIS); race; discipline; governmentality; neoliberalism; biopolitics

  • Advancement Project . (2005) . Education on lockdown: The schoolhouse to jailhouse track. Washington, DC: Advancement ProjectGoogle Scholar

  • American Psychological Association- APA (2008) . Are zero tolerance policies effective in the schools?: An evidentiary review and recommendations . American Psychologist, 63(9), 852-862 .Google Scholar

  • Anyon, J . (1981) . Social class and the hidden curriculum of work . Journal of Education, 162(1), 67-92 .Google Scholar

  • Apple, M . W . (2004) . Ideology and curriculum (3rd ed . ) . London, UK: Routledge . Beyer, L. E . (1998) . “Uncontrollable students eventually become unmanageable”: The politics of classroom discipline . In R . E . Butchart & B . McEwan (Eds . ), Classroom discipline in American schools: Problems and possibilities for democratic education (pp . 51-81) . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press .Google Scholar

  • Bourdieu, P . , & Passeron, J . (1977) . Reproduction in education, society, and culture. Beverly Hills: Sage .Google Scholar

  • Carter, P. L. (2012) . Stubborn roots: Race, culture, and inequality in U.S. and South African schools. NY: Oxford University Press .Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Dahlstedt, M . , Fejes, A . , & Schoenning, E . (2011) . The will to (de)liberate: Shaping governable citizens through cognitive behavioural programmes in school Journal of Education Policy, 26(3), 399-414.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Darling-Hammond, L . (2009) . The flat world and education: How America’s commitment to equity will determine our future . NY: Teachers College Press .Google Scholar

  • Drasgow, E , & Yell, M L (2002) School-wide behaviour support: Legal implications and requirements . In J . K . Luiselli & C . Diament (Eds . ), Behavior psychology in the schools: Innovations in evaluation, support, and consultation (pp . 129-145) . The Haworth Press, IncGoogle Scholar

  • Dunbar, C . , & Villarruel, F . A . (2002) . Urban school leaders and the implementation of zero tolerance policies: An examination of its consequences Peabody Journal of Education 77(1) . 82-104.Google Scholar

  • Duncan, A . (2009) . Secretary Arne Duncan calls for honest answers about education reform. Retrieved June 5, 2012 from <http://www2.ed.gov/news/av/video/youtube/honest-answers.doc>Google Scholar

  • Duncan, A . (2009) . Key policy letters signed by the Education Secretary or Deputy Secretary. Retrieved May 30, 2012 from <http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/secletter/090731.html>Google Scholar

  • Fancher, M . P . (2009) . Reclaiming Michigan’s throwaway kids: Students trapped in the school-to-prisonpipeline. Detroit, MI: ACLU .Google Scholar

  • Foucault, M . (2003) . "Society must be defended:" Lectures at the college de France 1975-1976. NY: Picador .Google Scholar

  • Foucault, M . (1995) . Discipline and punish: The birth ofthe prison New York: Vintage BooksGoogle Scholar

  • Fowler, D . (2010) . Texas’ school-to-prison pipeline: Ticketing, arrest, and use of force in schools-how the myth of the “Blackboard Jungle" reshaped school disciplinary policy. Austin, TX: Texas Appleseed .Google Scholar

  • George, M . P. , White, G . P. , & Schlaffer, J . J . (2007) . Implementing school-wide behavior change: Lessons from the field. Psychology in the Schools, 44(1), 41-51 . Giroux, H . A . (2011) . Education and the crisis of public values: Challenging the attack on teachers, students, and public education. NY: Peter Lang .Google Scholar

  • Giroux, H .A . (2009) . Youth in a suspect society: Disposability or democracy? NY: Pal- grave .Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Giroux, H . A . (2003) . The abandoned generation: Democracy beyond the culture of fear NY: PalgraveGoogle Scholar

  • Giroux, H . A . (2000) . Stealing innocence: Youth, corporate power and the politics of culture. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave .Google Scholar

  • Giroux, H A (1999) Corporate culture and the attack on higher education and public schooling. Bloomington: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation .Google Scholar

  • Giroux, H . A . (1983) . Theory and resistance in education: A pedagogy for the opposition. Westport, CT: Begin & Garvey.Google Scholar

  • Hancock, L . (2012) . When big data is bad data: The press and standardized testing numbers: A cautionary tale . Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved May 30, 2012, from <http://www.cjr.org/behind_the_news/the_press_and_standardized_tes.php>Google Scholar

  • Hirschfield, P.J. (2008). Preparing for prison? The criminalization of school discipline in the USA . Theoretical Criminology, 12(1), 79-101 .Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hochschild, J . L. , & Scovronick, N . (2004) . The American dream and thepublic schools. NY: Oxford University Press .Google Scholar

  • Hoye, S . (2009) . Positive behavior proves productive in school . NBC Connecticut . Retrieved December 12, 20112, from <http://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/local/Positive-Behavior-Proves-Productive-in-School.html>Google Scholar

  • Lassen, S . R. , Steele, M . M . , & Sailor, W. (2006) . The relationship of school-wide positive behaviour support to academic achievement in an urban middle school . Psychology in the Schools, 43(6), 701-712 .Google Scholar

  • Lemke, T . (2000) . Foucault, governmentality, and critique . Paper delivered at Rethinking Marxism Conference, University of Amherst (MA), September 21-24, 2000 . Retrieved May 30, 2012, from <http://www.andosciasociology.net/resources/Foucault$2C+Governmentality$2C+and+Critique+IV-2.pdf>Google Scholar

  • Lewin, T . (2012) . Black students face more discipline, data suggests . New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2012, from <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/education/black-students-face-more-harsh-discipline-data-shows.html?_r=2&ref=education>Google Scholar

  • Mukherjee, E . , & Fellow, M . M . K . (2007) . Criminalizing the classroom: The over-policing of New York City public schools NY: ACLUGoogle Scholar

  • Netzel, D M , & Eber, L (2003) Shifting from reactive to proactive discipline in an urban school district: A change of focus through PBIS implementation . Journal of Positive Behaviour Interventions, 5(2), 71-79 .Google Scholar

  • Newcomer, L (2009) Universal positive behavior support for the classroom PBIS Newsletter, 4(4) . Retrieved June 17, 2012, from <http://www.pbis.org/pbis_newsletter/volume_4/issue4.aspx>Google Scholar

  • New York Post (2012) Editorial: Teacher-protection racket Retrieved January 28, 2012, from <http://www.nypost.com/p/news/opinion/editorials/teacher_protection_racket_wqMxiho2IAGswg0XB3ZYoI>Google Scholar

  • Petteruti, A. (2011). Education under arrest: The case against police in schools. Washington, D C : Justice Policy InstituteGoogle Scholar

  • Planty, M . , Hussar, W . , Snyder, T . , Kena, G . , KewalRamani, A . , Kemp, J . , Bianco, K . , & Dinkes, R . (2009) . The condition of education 2009 (NCES 2009-081) . National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U S Department of Education Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

  • Public Law 103-227. (1994) . Gun-free schools act. SEC 1031, 20 USC 2701Google Scholar

  • Putnam, R F , Horner, R H , & Algozzine, R (2006) Academic Achievement and the implementation of school-wide behavior support . PBIS Newsletter, 3(1) . Retrieved June 20, 2012, from <http://www.pbis.org/pbis_newsletter/volume_3/issue1.aspx>Google Scholar

  • Robbins, C . G . (2008) . Expelling hope: The assaut on youth and the militarization of schooling. Albany, NY: SUNY Press .Google Scholar

  • Robbins, C . G . (2011) . Tased and confused: From social exclusion to shock in the war on youth . In K . Saltman & D . Gabbard (Eds . ), Education as enforcement: The militarization and corporatization of schools (pp . 114-129, 2nd ed . ) . NY: Routledge .Google Scholar

  • Scott, T . (2008) . “Happy to comply:” Writing assessment, fast-capitalism, and the cultural logic of control The Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 30(2), 140-161 .Google Scholar

  • Skiba, R J , Horner, R H , Chung, C -G , Rausch, M K , May, S L , & Tobin, T (2011) . Race is not neutral: A national investigation of African American and Latino disproportionality in school discipline . School Psychology Review, 40(1), 85-107.Google Scholar

  • Sugai, G . , & Horner, R . (2002) . The evolution of discipline practices: School-wide positive behaviour supports . In J . K . Luiselli & C . Diament (Eds . ), Behavior psychology in the schools: Innovations in evaluation, support, and consultation (pp . 23-50) . The Haworth Press, IncGoogle Scholar

  • Sugai, G . , Horner, R. , Dunlap, G . , Heineman, M . , Lowis, T . , Nelson, C . , Scott, T . , Liaupsin, C , Sailor, W , Turnbull, A , Turnbull, H , Wickham, D , Reuf, M , & Wilcox, B (2000) Applying positive behavioral support and functional behavioral assessment in schools . Journal of Positive Behavioral Interventions, 2(3), 131-143 .Google Scholar

  • Theriot, M.T. (2009). School resource officers and the criminalization of student behavior . Journal of Criminal Justice 37(3), 280-287 .Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Urbina, I . (2009) . “It’s a fork, it’s a spoon...it’s a weapon? New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2012, from <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/education/12discipline.html?_r=1>Google Scholar

  • Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-28

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: Journal of Pedagogy / Pedagogický casopis, ISSN (Online) 1338-2144, ISSN (Print) 1338-1563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10159-012-0010-z.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in