Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Editor-in-Chief: Kiess, Wieland
Ed. by Bereket, Abdullah / Cohen, Pinhas / Darendeliler, Feyza / Dattani, Mehul / Gustafsson, Jan / Luo, Feihong / Mericq, Veronica / Roth, Christian / Toppari, Jorma
Editorial Board Member: Battelino, Tadej / Buyukgebiz, Atilla / Cassorla, Fernando / Chrousos, George P. / Cutfield, Wayne / Fideleff, Hugo L. / Hershkovitz, Eli / Hiort, Olaf / LaFranchi, Stephen H. / Lanes M. D., Roberto / Mohn, Angelika / Root, Allen W. / Rosenfeld, Ron G. / Werther, George / Zadik, Zvi
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Cognitive Profile, Parental Education and BMI in Children: Reflections on Common Neuroendrocrinobiological Roots
1Child Neurology, Paediatric Sleep Centre and Pediatric Endocrinology Division, Chair of Paediatrics, II Faculty of Medicine, “Sapienza University” c/o Sant'Andrea Hospital”, Via di Grottarossa, Rome, Italy
2Paediatric Department, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy
Citation Information: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. Volume 23, Issue 11, Pages 1133–1141, ISSN (Online) 2191-0251, ISSN (Print) 0334-018X, DOI: 10.1515/jpem.2010.178, December 2010
- Published Online:
Overweight and obesity may be associated with cognitive problems and both may share “neuroendocrinobiological roots” in common cerebral areas. We investigated intellectual performances and a possible “specific cognitive profile” in overweight/obese children. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 898 school children (6 to 13 years) attending primary schools. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-revised (WISC-R) revealed significant differences in performance intelligence quotient (PIQ) scores between body mass index (BMI) subgroups (p<0.01). Regression analysis identified BMI as the only variable significantly related to PIQ (p<0.05). Gender (p<0.05) and parental educational score (p<0.001) were significantly related to verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ). Parental educational score was the only factor significantly related to total intelligence quotient (TIQ) (p<0.05). Parental education seems to play a major role in TIQ and VIQ; a lower PIQ score is clearly related to a higher BMI. A routine neurocognitive assessment in overweight/ obese children is recommended.
Finally, we have added some reflections on common neuroendocrinobiological roots.
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