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Roth, Christian

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism

Editor-in-Chief: Kiess, Wieland

Ed. by Bereket, Abdullah / Cohen, Pinhas / Darendeliler, Feyza / Dattani, Mehul / Gustafsson, Jan / Luo, Feihong / Mericq, Veronica / Toppari, Jorma

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2191-0251
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In This Section
Volume 23, Issue 9 (Jan 2010)

Issues

Birth Length is a Predictor of Adiponectin Levels in Japanese Young Children

Masahiro Nishihara
  • Department of Developmental Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Mina Sonoda
  • Department of Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
/ Katsura Matsunami
  • Clinical Trials Office, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Keiko Yanagihara
  • Clinical Trials Office, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Naohiro Yonemoto
  • Clinical Trials Office, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Shinobu Ida
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Fumihiko Namba
  • Department of Developmental Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Iichiro Shimomura
  • Department of Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
/ Itaru Yanagihara
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Developmental Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
/ Masako Waguri
  • Corresponding author
  • Maternal Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, Osaka, Japan
Published Online: 2010-12-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem.2010.146

ABSTRACT

Background: Adiponectin has been shown to be inversely related to birth weight in schoolchildren and adolescents. However, the available information regarding a relation between birth size and adiponectin in infants and preschoolers is limited.

Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted among healthy Japanese children, and serum adiponectin levels were measured at consecutive visits. The effect of sex, gestational age, birth length, birth weight, or placental weight on adiponectin was analyzed by using a linear mixed model for repeated measures.

Results: Eighty-three children were evaluated. The age range at the first visit was 0.07–5.3 years. A total number of 227 measurements were made, 1–12 per subject (median, 3) and the duration of follow-up ranged from 1 day to 2.3 years (median, 1.0 years). The subjects were divided into four groups according to the age at the first visit: (1) 0–2 months (n = 29), (2) 3 months to 1 year (n = 17), (3) 2–3 years (n = 19) and (4) 4–5 years (n = 18). In the multivariate model, birth length (coefficient = 3.94, 95% CI, 0.23–7.65) was an independent predictor of serum adiponectin levels in subjects aged 0–2 months. Gestational age (3.53, 1.14–5.92), birth length (–2.71, –4.90 to –0.53) and placental weight (2.58, 0.86–4.29) were independent predictors of serum adiponectin levels in subjects aged 4–5 years.

Conclusion: Birth length, not birth weight, is an independent predictor of serum adiponectin levels in Japanese young children.

KEY WORDS: adiponectin; birth weight; gestational age; placenta; longitudinal study

About the article

Corresponding author: Itaru Yanagihara,


Published Online: 2010-12-22

Published in Print: 2010-09-01



Citation Information: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN (Online) 2191-0251, ISSN (Print) 0334-018X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem.2010.146. Export Citation

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