Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism

Editor-in-Chief: Kiess, Wieland

Ed. by Bereket, Abdullah / Cohen, Pinhas / Darendeliler, Feyza / Dattani, Mehul / Gustafsson, Jan / Luo, Feihong / Mericq, Veronica / Roth, Christian / Toppari, Jorma

Editorial Board Member: Battelino, Tadej / Buyukgebiz, Atilla / Cassorla, Fernando / Chrousos, George P. / Cutfield, Wayne / Fideleff, Hugo L. / Hershkovitz, Eli / Hiort, Olaf / LaFranchi, Stephen H. / Lanes M. D., Roberto / Mohn, Angelika / Root, Allen W. / Rosenfeld, Ron G. / Werther, George / Zadik, Zvi

IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 0.912

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.493
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.600
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.955

149,00 € / $224.00 / £112.00*

See all formats and pricing


Select Volume and Issue


30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00

Get Access to Full Text

Obesity and associated cardiovascular risk factors among schoolchildren in Greece: a cross-sectional study and review of the literature

1 / Efstathios Skliros2, 3 / George S. Stergiou1 / Nikolaos Leotsakos2, 3 / Maria Saridi2, 3 / Dimitrios Garifallos2, 3

1Hypertension Center, Third University Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, Greece

2Health Center of Kalivia, Attica, Greece

3Hellenic Society of Primary Healthcare Research and Continuing Education, Athens, Greece

Corresponding author: Anastasios Kollias, MD, PhD, Hypertension Center, Third University Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hospital 152, Mesogion Avenue, Athens 11527, Greece Phone: +30 210 7763117, Fax: +30 210 7719981

Citation Information: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. Volume 24, Issue 11-12, Pages 929–938, ISSN (Online) 2191-0251, ISSN (Print) 0334-018X, DOI: 10.1515/JPEM.2011.309, November 2011

Publication History

Published Online:


Objective: To examine the prevalence and determinants of obesity and associated cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of Greek children.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, school-based study of 780 students (9.2±1.8 years old, 415 boys) conducted in Eastern Attica, the greater area of the city of Athens. The study protocol included anthropometric, blood pressure (BP), and biochemical measurements, as well as dietary and lifestyle habits assessment. A review of Greek studies on childhood obesity was also performed.

Results: Approximately 22% of the participants were overweight and 8% were obese, which is in accordance with the results of 24 previous Greek studies showing the childhood overweight/obesity prevalence in the range of 30%. Overweight/obese children compared with normal-weight children had higher BP, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and higher triglycerides (p<0.05 for all). Parental weight, consumption of sweets and fast-food, and decreased physical activity were independent determinants of being overweight/obese. Furthermore, overweight/obesity predicted the presence of high BP, low HDL-C, and high triglycerides.

Conclusion: A close association was revealed between obesity and metabolic abnormalities, underlining the need for early screening and intervention in overweight children in order to address the emerging childhood obesity epidemic in Greece.

Keywords: cardiovascular risk factors; children; Greece; hypertension; obesity

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Mona Hafez, Sahar El-Masry, Noha Musa, Marwa Fathy, Mona Hassan, Nayera Hassan, Mohamed El Husseiny, and Mahmoud Tareef
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2016, Volume 29, Number 3
Anastasios Kollias, Isidoros Psilopatis, Eirini Karagiaouri, Maria Glaraki, Evangelos Grammatikos, Emmanouel E. Grammatikos, Anastasia Garoufi, and George S. Stergiou
Obesity, 2013, Volume 21, Number 5, Page 1013
Luciana Mosca, Valéria da Silva, and Tamara Goldberg
Nutrients, 2013, Volume 5, Number 6, Page 2047
Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Omar S. Al-Attas, Majed Alokail, Khalid Alkharfy, Kaiser Wani, Osama E. Amer, Saim Ul Haq, Shakilur Rahman, Abdullah M. Alnaami, Sarantis Livadas, Anastasios Kollias, Paris Charalampidis, and Shaun Sabico
Pediatric Research, 2014, Volume 75, Number 3, Page 459
A. Duzova, F. Yalcinkaya, E. Baskin, A. Bakkaloglu, and O. Soylemezoglu
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2013, Volume 28, Number suppl 4, Page iv166
Michael A. Ferguson and Joseph T. Flynn
Pediatric Nephrology, 2014, Volume 29, Number 6, Page 979
Meghana Sreevatsava, K. M. Venkat Narayan, and Solveig A. Cunningham
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 2013, Volume 80, Number S1, Page 115
Nikos Karpettas, Efthimia Nasothimiou, Anastasios Kollias, Adriani Vazeou, and George S Stergiou
Hypertension Research, 2013, Volume 36, Number 4, Page 285

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.