Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Editor-in-Chief: Kiess, Wieland
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Cord blood adiponectin and infant growth at one year
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children’s Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel
2Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
3Institute of Endocrinology, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children’s Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel
4Department of Neonatology, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children’s Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel
Citation Information: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. Volume 24, Issue 7-8, Pages 411–418, ISSN (Online) 2191-0251, ISSN (Print) 0334-018X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem.2011.181, June 2011
- Published Online:
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between cord blood adiponectin and leptin and early infant growth at one year in small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants.
Study design: In this prospective study adiponectin and leptin concentrations were determined in cord blood of (i) AGA newborns (n=44) and (ii) SGA newborns (n=24). At one year of age, height and weight were measured. Linear regression analysis was used to determine which factors were associated with anthropometric measurements at the age of one year.
Results: (i) SGA neonates had a significantly lower median cord blood adiponectin and leptin than AGA neonates; (ii) among SGA neonates, cord blood adiponectin concentrations were negatively correlated with body weight at one year, weight gain after one year and with BMI at one year; and (iii) among AGA neonates cord blood adiponectin concentrations were negatively correlated with body weight at one year, weight gain after one year and with BMI at one year.
Conclusion: The disparity in cord blood adiponectin and leptin concentrations between SGA and AGA neonates suggests a role for adipokines in fetal growth.
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