Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Politeness Research

Language, Behaviour, Culture

Ed. by Grainger, Karen

2 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.000
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.365

CiteScore 2017: 1.65

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.585
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.848

Print + Online
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Cultural schemas in L1 and L2 compliment responses: A study of Persian-speaking learners of English

Farzad Sharifian
Published Online: 2008-02-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/PR.2008.003

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between speech acts and cultural conceptualizations by examining the degree to which compliment responses produced by Persian speakers in their L1 and L2 (English) are informed by the Persian cultural schema of shekasteh-nafsi ‘modesty’. The schema, which appears to be rooted in certain cultural-spiritual traditions of Iranian society, motivates the speakers to negate or scale down compliments, downplay their talents, skills, achievements, etc., and return the compliment to the complimenter. The schema also encourages the speakers to reassign the compliment to a family member, a friend, God, or another associate. In this study, a Persian and an English version of a discourse completion test (DCT) were used to collect data from a group of Persian speaking learners of English in Iran. The participants completed the English DCT first and then received and completed the Persian version after an interval of two weeks. The results revealed that speakers of Persian instantiated the cultural schema of shekasteh-nafsi, in varying degrees, in their responses to compliments both in their L1 and L2. A significant finding of the study was that even where this cultural schema is reflected in a speaker's compliment response in his/her L2 it may be absent from the corresponding L1 response. The findings also suggest that the schema may be instantiated differently according to the context of receiving the compliment. These observations point to the dynamic nature of the relationship between language and cultural conceptualizations. The paper ends by presenting a discussion of the implications of the findings for the teaching and learning of English as an International Language.

Keywords: compliment responses; cultural schema; modesty; Persian (Farsi)

About the article

Farzad Sharifian

Farzad Sharifian PhD, is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Languages, Cultures, and Linguistics, Monash University, Australia. He has a wide range of research interests including cultural linguistics, cognitive linguistics, pragmatics, discourse analysis, second language acquisition, world Englishes, language and politics, and intercultural communication. He is the editor (with Gary B. Palmer) of Applied Cultural Linguistics (2007, John Benjamins), and has published numerous articles in international journals.


Published Online: 2008-02-13

Published in Print: 2008-01-01


Citation Information: Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 55–80, ISSN (Online) 1613-4877, ISSN (Print) 1612-5681, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/PR.2008.003.

Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Nourollah Zarrinabadi and Vahid Mahmoudi-Gahrouei
Asian Englishes, 2017, Page 1
[2]
Mehdi Sarkhosh and Ali Alizadeh
Pragmatics and Society, 2017, Volume 8, Number 3, Page 421
[3]
Agus Wijayanto, Aryati Prasetyarini, and Mauly Halwat Hikmat
SAGE Open, 2017, Volume 7, Number 3, Page 215824401773281
[4]
Montserrat Mir and Josep Maria Cots
Languages in Contrast, 2017, Volume 17, Number 1, Page 128
[5]
Parisa Yazdani Khaneshan and Alireza Bonyadi
Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2016, Volume 7, Number 4, Page 760
[6]
Rong Chen and Dafu Yang
Journal of Pragmatics, 2010, Volume 42, Number 7, Page 1951
[7]
Zuraidah Mohd Don and Ahmad Izadi
Journal of Pragmatics, 2011, Volume 43, Number 15, Page 3782
[8]
ANDY KIRKPATRICK
World Englishes, 2014, Volume 33, Number 4, Page 426
[9]
Ahmad Izadi
Journal of Pragmatics, 2015, Volume 85, Page 81
[10]
Mohahammad Javad Ahmadian and Hossein Vahid Dastjerdi
The Social Sciences, 2010, Volume 5, Number 4, Page 359
[11]
Salva Shirinbakhsh and Abbass Eslami Rasekh
International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning, 2013, Volume 2, Number 3
[12]
ROBERT J. BAUMGARDNER and KIMBERLEY BROWN
World Englishes, 2012, Volume 31, Number 3, Page 292
[13]
Zeinab Gholamali Dehkordi and Azizeh Chalak
Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2015, Volume 6, Number 2, Page 452

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in