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Journal of Politeness Research

Language, Behaviour, Culture

Ed. by Grainger, Karen

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Conventionalized Politeness Structures: Empirical Evidence from Hindi/Urdu

Ritesh Kumar
  • Corresponding author
  • K. M. Institute of Hindi and Linguistics, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra, India
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Published Online: 2017-04-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2015-0001


This paper discusses the results of a survey undertaken to investigate conventionalized politeness structures in Hindi\Urdu, with specific focus on the ability of native speakers to view politeness as a scalar phenomenon across different utterances vis-à-vis each other. The speakers were provided with utterances that encoded systematic differences in lexical choice (High Perso-Arabic\High Sanskritic\neutral native) and construction choice (suggestion\request\subjunctives, etc.), but nevertheless performed the same act so as to be possible to rank on a politeness scale as realizations of the same speech act. The paper focusses on the correlation between High\formal registers and politeness as well as the correlation between different grammatical structures and politeness to argue that linguistic structures are conventionalized for possible politeness effects.

Keywords: Politeness; Hindi/Urdu; High register; ANOVA; Survey

About the article

Published Online: 2017-04-19

Citation Information: Journal of Politeness Research, ISSN (Online) 1613-4877, ISSN (Print) 1612-5681, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2015-0001. Export Citation

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