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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Ed. by Bancalari, Eduardo / Chappelle, Joseph / Chervenak, Frank A. / D'Addario , Vincenzo / Genc, Mehmet R. / Greenough, Anne / Grunebaum, Amos / Konje, Justin C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Romero, Roberto / Zalud, MD PhD, Ivica

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.361
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.578

CiteScore 2018: 1.29

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.522
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.602

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Volume 28, Issue 6


Effect of maternal weight gain on infant birth weight

C. Shapiro / V. G. Sutija / J. Bush
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2000.056


Objective: To ascertain whether increased weight gain during pregnancy resulted in higher birth weight infants.

Methods: A database was constructed from valid data of a sample of 159 healthy women between 19 to 37 years of age. The inclusion criteria were: maternal age of 19–37 years, term gestations (37–42 weeks), a baseline weight obtained at 0–15 weeks gestation, and a final weight obtained within 2 weeks of delivery. Weight gain was calculated by subtracting baseline weight from the final weight. A documented height enabled calculation of BMI. A negative screen for gestational diabetes was required.

Results: Women with lower first trimester BMI (<25) had infants of lower birth weight than women of higher BMI (>25). Women with lower gain (<35 lbs) delivered smaller infants than women with higher gain (>35 lbs). Women of higher BMI and higher gain delivered the largest infants (F = 5.37; p = 0.0015). Underweight women (BMI <19) gained less weight than women of normal weight (BMI 19–25), who gained the most weight. Obese women (BMI > 29) gained the least weight (F = 6.26; p = 0.0005).

Conclusion: The results confirmed that excessive maternal weight gain in pregnancy (> 35 lbs), does result in higher birth weight infants.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2000-11-20

Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Volume 28, Issue 6, Pages 428–431, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2000.056.

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