Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, Joachim W.

Editorial Board Member: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Ogata, Edward / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland


IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 1.798
Rank 46 out of 120 in category Pediatrics in the 2015 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.731
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.687
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 1.483

99,00 € / $149.00 / £75.00*

Online
ISSN
1619-3997
See all formats and pricing

 


Select Volume and Issue

Issues

30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00

Get Access to Full Text

Waterbirths compared with landbirths: an observational study of nine years

V. Geissbuehler / S. Stein / J. Eberhard

Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine. Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 308–314, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: 10.1515/JPM.2004.057, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:
2005-06-01

Abstract

Aims: This study compares neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality between waterbirths and landbirths (spontaneous singleton births in cephalic presentation, vacuum extractions are excluded).

Methods: In this observational study covering nine years, standardized questionnaires were used to document 9,518 spontaneous singleton cephalic presentation births, of which 3,617 were waterbirths and 5,901 landbirths.

Results: Landbirths show higher rates of episiotomies as well as third and fourth degree perineal lacerations. Waterbirths show a higher rate of births “without injuries”, first and second-degree perineal lacerations, vaginal and labial tears. After a waterbirth, there is an average loss of 5.26 g/l blood; this is significantly less than landbirths where there is an 8.08 g/l blood loss on average. In 69.7% waterbirths required no analgesic, compared to 58.0% for landbirths. Water and landbirths do not differ with respect to maternal and neonatal infections. After landbirths, there was a higher rate of newborn complications with subsequent transfer to an external NICU. During the study, there were neither maternal nor neonatal deaths related to spontaneous labor.

Conclusions: Waterbirths are associated with low risks for both mother and child when obstetrical guidelines are followed.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Marit L. Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney, and Courtney Everson
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 2016, Page n/a
[2]
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 2012, Volume 119, Number 2, Page 111
[3]
M. Iriondo Sanz, M. Sánchez Luna, F. Botet Mussons, T. Martínez-Astorquiza, J.M. Lailla Vicens, and J. Figueras Aloy
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition), 2015, Volume 82, Number 2, Page 108.e1
[4]
M. Iriondo Sanz, M. Sánchez Luna, F. Botet Mussons, T. Martínez-Astorquiza, J.M. Lailla Vicens, and J. Figueras Aloy
Anales de Pediatría, 2015, Volume 82, Number 2, Page 108.e1
[5]
T.G. Poder and M. Larivière
Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité, 2014, Volume 42, Number 10, Page 706
[6]
Elizabeth Nutter, Shaunette Meyer, Jenna Shaw-Battista, and Amy Marowitz
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 2014, Volume 59, Number 3, Page 286
[7]
Robyn Schafer
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 2014, Volume 59, Number 1, Page 91
[8]
Kate Young and Sue Kruske
Women and Birth, 2013, Volume 26, Number 2, Page 105
[9]
Ethel E. Burns, Mary G. Boulton, Elizabeth Cluett, Victoria R. Cornelius, and Lesley A. Smith
Birth, 2012, Volume 39, Number 3, Page 192
[11]
Rosanna A. Zanetti-Daellenbach, Sibil Tschudin, Xiao Yan Zhong, Wolfgang Holzgreve, Olav Lapaire, and Irene Hösli
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 2007, Volume 134, Number 1, Page 37
[12]
A. Grunebaum and F.A. Chervenak
Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 2004, Volume 32, Number 4
[13]
Rosanna Zanetti-Dällenbach, Olav Lapaire, Anne Maertens, Wolfgang Holzgreve, and Irene Hösli
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2006, Volume 274, Number 6, Page 355
[14]
R. Zanetti-Dällenbach, O. Lapaire, A. Maertens, R. Frei, W. Holzgreve, and I. Hösli
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2006, Volume 273, Number 4, Page 236
[15]
Marc J.N.C. Keirse
Birth, 2005, Volume 32, Number 4, Page 318

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.