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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Editorial Board Member: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland

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1619-3997
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Placental transfer of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA)

Berthold Koletzko
  • Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Elvira Larqué / Hans Demmelmair
  • Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2007-02-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2007.030

Abstract

Considerable evidence exists for marked beneficial effects of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) during pregnancy. The omega-3 LC-PUFA docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is incorporated in large amounts in fetal brain and other tissues during the second half of pregnancy, and several studies have provided evidence for a link between early DHA status of the mother and visual and cognitive development of her child after birth. Moreover, the supplementation of omega-3 LC-PUFA during pregnancy increases slightly infant size at birth, and significantly reduces early preterm birth before 34 weeks of gestation by 31%. In our studies using stable isotope methodology in vivo, we demonstrated active and preferential materno-fetal transfer of DHA across the human placenta and found the expression of human placental fatty acid binding and transport proteins. From the correlation of DHA values with placental fatty acid transport protein 4 (FATP 4), we conclude that this protein is of key importance in mediating DHA transport across the human placenta. Given the great importance of placental DHA transport for infant outcome, further studies are needed to fully appreciate the effects and optimal strategies of omega-3 fatty acid interventions in pregnancy, dose response relationships, and the potential differences between subgroups of subjects such as women with gestational diabetes or other gestational pathology. Such studies should contribute to optimize substrate intake during pregnancy and lactation that may improve pregnancy outcome as well as fetal growth and development.

Keywords: Fatty acid transport protein; fetus; heart fatty acid binding protein; liver fatty acid binding protein; stable isotopes

About the article

Corresponding author: Berthold Koletzko, MD Professor of Pediatrics Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich Lindwurmstr. 4, D-80337 Muenchen, Germany Tel.: +49-89-5160-3967 Fax: +49-89-5160-3336


Published Online: 2007-02-16

Published in Print: 2007-02-01


Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2007.030.

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