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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Ed. by Bancalari, Eduardo / Chappelle, Joseph / Chervenak, Frank A. / D'Addario , Vincenzo / Genc, Mehmet R. / Greenough, Anne / Grunebaum, Amos / Konje, Justin C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Romero, Roberto / Zalud, MD PhD, Ivica


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.361
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.578

CiteScore 2018: 1.29

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.522
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.602

Online
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1619-3997
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Volume 37, Issue 2

Issues

Influence of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics on breastfeeding duration of mothers attending breastfeeding support groups

Anita Pavicic Bosnjak
  • 1Division of Neonatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical School University of Zagreb, General Hospital “Sv. Duh”, Sv. Duh 64, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Josip Grguric / Milan Stanojevic
  • 3Division of Neonatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical School University of Zagreb, General Hospital “Sv. Duh”, Sv. Duh 64, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zdenko Sonicki
Published Online: 2008-10-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.025

Abstract

Aim: Duration of breastfeeding, socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics of the mothers attending breastfeeding support groups were investigated.

Methods: All examined mothers were cared for according to the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF. The investigated group of mothers attended a breastfeeding support group (BSG) led by a community nurse and women experienced in breastfeeding without additional training. Data on breastfeeding duration were collected retrospectively by self-reported questionnaire.

Results: Of 980 eligible, 393 mothers were included to the study: 210 attended BSG, while 183 did not. The following differences between the two groups were found: time when the decision to breastfeed was made, smoking during lactation and social support while breastfeeding. More mothers in the investigated group continued breastfeeding at least six months postnatal (83.8% vs. 48.1%, P<0.001), with exclusive breastfeeding until the age of three months (56% vs. 23.5%, P<0.001). After logistic regression analysis, the following factors were found to be positively associated with the duration of breastfeeding for at least six months: time when the decision to breastfeed was made, intended duration of breastfeeding and household income. Maternal smoking during pregnancy affected duration of breastfeeding inversely.

Conclusion: Characteristics which positively influenced the duration of breastfeeding are the time when the decision to breastfeed was made, intended duration of breastfeeding, household income, and smoking during pregnancy. Mothers who attended BSG more often continued breastfeeding for at least six months if they decided to breastfeed after birth, intended to breastfeed for longer than six months, had higher monthly household income and did not smoke during pregnancy.

Keywords: Breastfeeding duration; breastfeeding support groups; exclusive breastfeeding; socio-demographic and psychosocial factors

About the article

Corresponding author: Anita Pavicic Bosnjak General Hospital “Sveti Duh” Zagreb Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Sveti Duh 64 Zagreb, 10000 Croatia Tel.: +385 1 3712 316 Fax: +385 1 3745 534


Received: 2008-03-11

Revised: 2008-08-08

Accepted: 2008-09-01

Published Online: 2008-10-28

Published Online: 2008-10-28

Published in Print: 2009-03-01


Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Volume 37, Issue 2, Pages 185–192, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.025.

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